Old Monroe, Missouri

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Old Monroe, Missouri
City
Location of Old Monroe, Missouri
Location of Old Monroe, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°55′55″N 90°44′53″W / 38.93194°N 90.74806°W / 38.93194; -90.74806Coordinates: 38°55′55″N 90°44′53″W / 38.93194°N 90.74806°W / 38.93194; -90.74806
Country United States
State Missouri
County Lincoln
Area[1]
 • Total 0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)
 • Land 0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 440 ft (134 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 265
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 275
 • Density 1,060.0/sq mi (409.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63369
Area code(s) 636
FIPS code 29-54416[4]
GNIS feature ID 0735766[5]

Old Monroe is a city in Lincoln County, Missouri, United States. The population was 265 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Old Monroe was the site of Fort Howard. It was laid out in 1819, and named for President James Monroe.[6] The name was prefixed with "Old" in order to avoid postal conflict with Monroe City, Missouri.[7]

The Battle of the Sink Hole was fought on May 24, 1815, after the official end of the War of 1812, between Missouri Rangers and Sauk Indians led by Black Hawk. The Sauk were unaware, or did not care, that their British patrons had signed the Treaty of Ghent with the U.S. The battle was fought in a low spot near the mouth of the Cuivre River near the current day city of Old Monroe.

After the battle, in 1816, Black Hawk reaffirmed the Treaty of St. Louis after re-negotiation with the United States government.[8]

The city was originally named "Monroe" and it served as the county seat from 1819 until 1823. The name would change to its current form around 1857 when Monroe County and its county seat, Monroe City, were established. The postal office then labeled the older town as Old Monroe.[9]

Geography[edit]

Old Monroe is located at 38°55′55″N 90°44′53″W / 38.93194°N 90.74806°W / 38.93194; -90.74806 (38.931993, -90.748049).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.26 square miles (0.67 km2), of which, 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 251
1920 317 26.3%
1930 271 −14.5%
1940 272 0.4%
1950 268 −1.5%
1960 290 8.2%
1970 330 13.8%
1980 272 −17.6%
1990 242 −11.0%
2000 250 3.3%
2010 265 6.0%
Est. 2015 282 [11] 6.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 265 people, 102 households, and 68 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,060.0 inhabitants per square mile (409.3/km2). There were 113 housing units at an average density of 452.0 per square mile (174.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.1% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 102 households of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.13.

The median age in the city was 31.8 years. 28.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 8.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 251 people, 106 households, and 68 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,654.1 people per square mile (643.5/km²). There were 115 housing units at an average density of 760.9 per square mile (296.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.40% White, 0.80% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.80% of the population.

There were 106 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,429, and the median income for a family was $42,188. Males had a median income of $39,063 versus $21,964 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,457. None of the families and 4.5% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 5.6% of those over 64.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 187. 
  7. ^ "Lincoln County Place Names, 1928–1945 (archived)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Black Hawk: Resisting American Expansion". 
  9. ^ http://shs.umsystem.edu/manuscripts/ramsay/ramsay_lincoln.html
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.