Old North Columbus
Old North Columbus is a neighborhood located just north of the Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. It was founded in 1847 where, at the time, it was a stand-alone city out of the confines of Columbus until it was incorporated into the City of Columbus in 1871. In its early years the city was a popular stagecoach stop with people traveling from Worthington to Columbus. Today Old North Columbus is popular for its local music and its unique "untouched architecture" which is reminiscent of its old roots.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Etymology
- 3 History
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Residential
- 6 Commercial District
- 7 Education
- 8 External links
- 9 References
Old North Columbus is bounded to the north by Glen Echo Ravine, to the south by Lane Avenue, to the west by the Olentangy River, and to the east by the Conway Railroad Tracks. This Columbus neighborhood is a smaller subdivision of the University District, which comprises all of the neighborhoods surrounding the Ohio State University campus.
Established as North Columbus in 1842, the name of the town largely lost relevance when it was annexed by city of Columbus in 1871. In an effort by the city to reestablish the neighborhood’s identity, a street project was proposed in 2000 to add two arches at the north and south borders of the neighborhood bearing the neighborhood’s name, Old North Columbus. In 2009, upon the building of the arches, there was a campaign led by the Olde North Columbus Preservation Society to add the letter “e” to the end of “Old”, on the two arches. According to Preservation Society member Seth Golding, "Olde was the spelling in the 1850's. It's more quaint, not just old. " Despite Preservation Society claims that the spelling was supposed to be corrected, the two arches retain the original spelling of “Old”.
Solomen and George W. Beers platted 40 acres of land in 1847 to create the first permanent settlement of Clinton Township, which they named North Columbus. This community was separate from the city of Columbus, which lay just to the south, but was later annexed by Columbus in 1871. During the 19th Century, North Columbus was a stagecoach stop between downtown Columbus and Worthington. Unlike the adjacent temperance-minded neighborhood of Clintonville, North Columbus had a history of saloons and speakeasies adorning the main thoroughfare of what is today High Street. North Columbus was also the site of a brick factory and a mill along the banks of the Olentangy River, which was owned and operated by the Beers Family, who helped to settle the area originally. Soon after being annexed in 1871, the city had a new neighbor in the community in 1873, The Ohio State University. Ohio State brought a major boom to the area and with that boom came more people that needed to live, work, and play. This really was the birth of what Old North Columbus is today.
Notable and historic landmarks
Old North Columbus has a number of Historic structures dating back to the early 19th Century. The North Columbus Commercial Historic District, which encompasses the entire stretch of High Street between Hudson Street and Dodridge Street is on the National Register of Historic Places.
1806 Beers Family Log Cabin
There is also an original early 19th century log cabin, built in 1806 by David Beers, still present in the neighborhood. The log cabin was built near present-day Dodridge Street, but was later moved to Norwich Avenue.
North High School
The Ramlow Building
The Ramlow building, or Ramlow Hall, on the corner of High Street and Dodridge is one of a handful of prominent historic building along High Street, which date back to the late 19th century, and are still present. Built by Catherine Volk Ramlow in 1881, the Ramlow building was a drygoods and grocer merchant. Today, the popular restaurant Hounddog's Pizza resides in the Ramlow building at street level.
Global Community United Methodist Church
The Global Community United Methodist Church, formerly the North Methodist Church, was built on the corner of High Street and Wilcox Street in 1874, but was destroyed by a fire in 1929. Despite economic hardships of the Great Depression, the church was rebuilt 12 years later and dedicated on September 27, 1942 by Bishop H. Lester Smith.
Medary Elementay School
The old Medary Elementary School, located at 2500 Medary Avenue, was built in 1892 by David Riebel, who was hired as the first Columbus Public Schools architect in 1893. The impressive three-story masonry building was built in the Richardsonian Romanesque style of architecture, which was a popular style for many public buildings throughout the late 19th century and early 20th century. Medary Elementary School closed in 2007 and the building has served as the home for the Helping Hands Center for Special Needs since 2008.
The main thoroughfare running North and South through the neighborhood is High St. and running east and west is Hudson St. This is where many restaurants, bars, shops, and entertainment destinations are located, and where most of the activity is centered. From these main thoroughfares, arterial streets the run East and West. These arterials include Lane Ave. and Dodridge St., which are the only two streets in the neighborhood which bridge the Olentangy River to the West. Nearly all other streets running East-West can be classified as residential streets, most of which are one-way, in alternating directions. US Route 23 also runs through Old North Columbus using Indianola Ave., Hudson St., Summit St. (southbound), and N. 4th St. (northbound). Old North Columbus is also very accessible by bus. The Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) has local bus routes traveling along High, Summit, and 4th Streets, one express route traveling along High St., and two cross-town routes traveling along Arcadia Ave. and Hudson St.
The residential sector of Old North Columbus has always been a melting pot of significant diversity including the full spectrum of working class to the wealthy as well as its share of students. After World War II there was a tremendous amount of veterans looking to go to school at Ohio State with the GI Bill and at the same time the Baby Boomers were headed to college as well. Pair that with the national trend of "white flight" moving to the suburbs and you had a recipe for a crazy housing crisis in the Columbus suburbs. This major influx of GI's and students really caused the housing market to flip. Home ownership dropped from over 50% to around 10% as many of the large old houses were converted to multi-family high density housing that would accommodate the renter population. Historically off campus housing has poor housing stock, this is the case for neighborhoods close to Ohio State, however farther north the quality of housing is generally of better quality.
Old North Columbus has had a long history of restaurants, bars, and music venues, which still holds true today. With the core of commercial district located along High Street, the businesses in the neighborhood range from grocery stores, pharmacies, printing and copy services, laundromats, barber shops and salons, but primarily this has been a popular entertainment district for students at Ohio State. Some of the notable popular restaurants include The Blue Danube, which is known locally as the The Blue Dube, or simply The Dube, which has been a popular restaurant of the neighborhood since 1940. Another popular restaurant is Hounddog's Pizza, which is known for its hearse delivery car with a giant hound dog on the roof.
Popular restaurants of the neighborhood include:
Popular entertainment venues/bars of the neighborhood include:
There is one school located in Old North Columbus, which is the Columbus North International School, located at the site of the old North High School at 100 E Arcadia Avenue. This 7th through 12th grade school, which was founded in 2010, is largely focused around international studies programs, such as their World Language Studies Program] and their International Seminar Program. This school is a part of a network of other International Schools in Columbus such as Ecole Kenwood Elementary School, and Columbus North International School. It is also part of Columbus Public Schools lottery system that draws from middle schools in the surrounding Columbus City School District.
- Old North Columbus Business Association
- University Community Business Association
- University Area Commission
- Clintonville History
- Rozenman, Martin. "The Olde North is new again: Long-forgotten city neighborhood reclaims its identity". The Columbus Dispatch. The Dispatch Printing Company. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
- "Neighborhoods". University District. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- MacConnell, Ian. "Old North Columbus Business Association". Old North Columbus Business Association. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- "The University District". http://www.universitydistrict.org/neighborhoods. External link in
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- Moore, Opha. "History of Clinton Township, Franklin County OH". Ray's Place. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
- Hyatt, Shirley. "Clintonville History". Clintonville History. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
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- Gray, John. "Ramlow Hall". Columbus Neighborhoods. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Rutherford, Ruth. "History of North Methodist Church" (PDF). http://gccohio.org/. Retrieved 11 December 2014. External link in
- Columbus Landmarks Foundation. "Historic Schools in the Columbus Public Schools District" (PDF). Ohio Department of Transportation. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
- Google. "Old North Columbus". Google Maps. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- "Ohio State Map" (PDF). Central Ohio Transit Authority. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- A Plan for High Street. Columbus, Ohio: Campus Partners. August 2000. p. 11.
- Trowbridge, Denise (June 29, 2010). "Blue Danube thrives on tradition, marks 70th year: Cheap eats and loyal clientele, including more than a few Buckeyes, get the credit". Dispatch Publishing Group. The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Columbus North International School". Columbus North International School. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- "Columbus North International School". Columbus North International School. Retrieved 2 November 2014.