Old Quebec Funicular
|Old Quebec Funicular|
|Locale||Quebec City, Quebec|
|Line length||0.064 km (0.040 mi)|
|Number of tracks||Double track|
|Highest elevation||59 m (194 ft)|
The Old Quebec Funicular (French: Funiculaire du Vieux-Québec) is a funicular railway in the Old Quebec neighbourhood of Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. It links the Haute-Ville (Upper Town) to the Basse-Ville (Lower Town), which includes such sites as the colonial-era Notre Dame des Victoires church, the historic Petit Champlain district, the port, and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization). Climbing at a 45-degree angle, the railway covers a total distance of 64 metres (210 ft).
The funicular opened on November 17, 1879, and originally used the water ballast system of propulsion. The line was converted to electrical operation in 1907. On July 2, 1945, a major fire destroyed the structure, necessitating a rebuild that was completed in 1946. Since then, major renovations have taken place in 1978 and 1998. In 2004 it celebrated 125 years of operating.
In October 1996, Briton Helen Tombs was killed when the cable snapped and the emergency brake failed to stop the cabin before it crashed into the lower station. As a result of this fatal crash, the funicular was closed and entirely revamped with modern technology. It reopened in 1998, technically as an inclined elevator, since both cabins are independent.
The funicular has the following technical parameters:
- Length: 64 metres (210 ft)
- Height: 59 metres (194 ft)
- Cars: 2
- Configuration: Double track
- Traction: Electricity
- "Funicular - Quebec City 101". Quebec City 101. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
- "History". Funiculaire du Vieux-Québec inc. Archived from the original on May 16, 2016. Retrieved March 23, 2007.
- "Passenger Dies in Cable Car Plunge". Associated Press. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- Jury, Louise (October 14, 1996). "Briton killed as funicular car crashes". London: The Independent. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- "Transit History of Quebec". David A. Wyatt. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- "Le Funiculaire du Vieux-Québec fête son 130e anniversaire : 1879-2009" (in French). Marketwire.
- "Funiculaire du Vieux-Quebec". Funiculars.net. Retrieved March 23, 2007.
- Official web site of the funicular (in English)