Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome
broke ground 1958
|Location||Red Hook, New York|
|Type||living aviation museum|
|Collection size||Pioneer Era aircraft|
WW I aircraft
Golden Age (1919-39) aircraft
|Public transit access||Rhinecliff-Kingston (Amtrak station)|
The Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome is a living museum in Red Hook, New York. It owns many examples of airworthy aircraft of the Pioneer Era, World War I and the Golden Age of Aviation between the World Wars, and multiple examples of roadworthy antique automobiles.
The aerodrome was the creation of Cole Palen, who was partially inspired by the Shuttleworth Collection in England. He regularly flew many of the aircraft during weekend airshows as his alter-ego, "The Black Baron of Rhinebeck" (loosely based on the Red Baron). These airshows still continue mid-June through mid-October, and biplane rides are available before and after the shows. The simple early shows led to a philosophy of not only showing the aircraft in their natural environment, but also providing a fun and entertaining day out for the whole family. From this the series of weekend air shows that the Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome featured — still running to this day — was to become famous for what was developed. This included a zany melodrama, inspired by the storylines of silent film melodramas of the past, featuring Palen-created characters such as the daring Sir Percy Goodfellow doing battle with the evil Black Baron of Rhinebeck for the hand of the lovely Trudy Truelove. Several associated antique/vintage auto club and vintage aircraft "type specific" events occur through the Aerodrome's event schedule, which has also included radio control scale aircraft "fly-in" low-pressure events, for flying scale models of aircraft of the 1903-1939 era that the museum's own full scale aircraft collection covers. These events have been ongoing ever since the Aerodrome's opening year in 1966, with at least one aeromodeling event each year occurring over the early September weekend following the United States' Labor Day holiday, in co-operation with a local AMA-chartered RC model aircraft club, with entrants regularly coming from places as distant as Canada and Florida.
The museum's gift shop and model collection were destroyed in a fire on 20 August 2015.
Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome features numerous aircraft ranging from Wright-era reconstructions to biplanes and monoplanes of the 1930s. Among Palen's earliest additions to the museum in the mid-1960s was a Fokker Triplane reproduction, powered with a vintage Le Rhône 9J 110 hp rotary engine. It was built by Cole Palen for flight in his weekend airshows as early as 1967 and actively flown (mostly by Cole Palen) within the weekend airshows at Old Rhinebeck until the late 1980s. This aircraft, and a pair of Dr.I reproductions, each powered by radial engines, were flown for nearly two decades by Palen. Both Cole's first rotary-engined reproduction, and the second of the stationary radial-powered reproductions, are now on static display. One of these is on loan at the New England Air Museum with the Le Rhône engine.
The Allied opponent for Palen's Triplane in the early years was mostly provided by a Sopwith Pup. It was begun in May 1964 and first flown three years later (May 1967) by his friend, Richard King, considered the co-founder of Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome with Palen, who flew his authentic 80-hp Le Rhône 9C-powered Pup reproduction in Old Rhinebeck's weekend airshows for many years, finally retiring the aircraft in the 1980s from active flying at Old Rhinebeck. King eventually sold the aircraft in 1992 to the Owls Head Transportation Museum in Maine, where it is still occasionally flown in their own flight demonstrations.
In 1971 a replica was produced of the 1910 Short S.29 using a 60 hp ENV V-8 engine. An accurate Sopwith Dolphin reproduction was built by Palen, the first known airworthy reproduction of the Dolphin ever known to have been attempted. Powered by a vintage direct-drive Hispano-Suiza V-8 engine, this aircraft regularly flew at Palen's weekend air shows from 1980 onward. In September 1990, the aircraft's engine suffered a fuel pump failure, resulting in a crash landing into the trees surrounding the Old Rhinebeck museum's airstrip, with little damage to the reproduction Dolphin's airframe and no injuries to the pilot. The aircraft never directly struck the ground in the crash, and largely remained suspended in the tree canopy after the accident. The Dolphin was placed on static display until November 2007, when Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome began restoring it to flying condition. When completed, the aircraft will once again be painted in the markings of No. 19 Squadron.
Another German aircraft in the collection is an Albatros D.Va reproduction, which in 2015 was finished in the colors of Eduard Ritter von Schleich. It is powered by a modified six-cylinder, "uprighted" Fairchild Ranger engine, fitted after the original liquid-cooled Mercedes D.II engine sheared its crankshaft.
The collection also includes a restored 1909 Bleriot XI (including an original three cylinder Anzani radial engine) that is believed to be the second oldest airworthy aircraft in the world
In 2016 an extremely accurate reproduction of the Spirit of St. Louis was added to the collection following a 20-year building process and first test flight in December 2015.
Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome has had two airworthy Fokker D.VIII reproductions, each powered with a restored Gnome 9N Monosoupape rotary engine, both being built by Brian Coughlin of New York State — these have since been sold to Javier Arango in California for his private collection of reproduction WW I aircraft, and to Kermit Weeks' Fantasy of Flight living aviation museum in Florida. One of the Coughlin DVIII Fokkers returned to the Aerodrome in 2016.
On August 17, 2008, around 4 p.m. during the performance of a simulated dogfight at the aerodrome, Vincent Nasta of Wading River, New York died of injuries sustained when his plane crashed in to a heavily wooded area 1000 feet from the runway and performance area. The aircraft being used was part of the aerodrome's World War I collection and was reported to be a reproduction French Nieuport 24, obtained from a New Zealand facility. It was the first fatality during an airshow at the facility.
- "Cole Palen's Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome — Scenes From the 47th Annual R/C Jamboree". oldrhinebeck.org. Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
- "Mid-Hudson Radio Control Society — Rhinebeck Jamboree". mhrcs.com. Mid-Hudson Radio Control Society.
- "Fire destroys gift shop at Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome in Red Hook". Daily Freeman. The Daily Freeman. 21 August 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- Sopwith Pup
- "Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome - America's Original Living Museum of Antique Airplanes - Fokker Dr.I." oldrhinebeck.org. Retrieved: 18 January 2013.
- "Cole Palen's Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome – Fokker Dr.1 Triplane". oldrhinebeck.org. Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome. Archived from the original on March 2, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
In 1967, Cole Palen constructed this reproduction, complete with a 110 hp LeRhone rotary engine, using drawing from several sources including drawings made by the British in 1918 from a captured aircraft...It is fair to say that with this particular aircraft, Cole Palen became responsible for popularizing the idea of homebuilding full-scale World War I reproduction aircraft around the world. This aircraft also played a major role in the growth of the Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome, dogfighting Dick King’s authentic Sopwith Pup reproduction for many years. After twenty years of continuous use, flying in nearly every Sunday show, the Dr.1 was retired.
- "Fokker Dr.1 Triplane Replica." New England Air Museum. Retrieved: October 10, 2014.
- King, Richard; Wilkinson, Stephen (1997). The Skies Over Rhinebeck: A Pilot's Story. USA: Jostens. pp. 5–10. ISBN 978-0966133509. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- "Sopwith Pup Flies Again". pressreader.com. 1 February 2020. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
- Air Progress, September 1971.
- King 1997, pp. 215–224.
- "Sopwith Dolphin." Archived 2014-01-10 at the Wayback Machine Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome. Retrieved: October 10, 2014.
- Fokker D VIII (in USA) (YouTube) (YouTube). Polk City, FL USA: huevparolbla. 2008. Event occurs at 2:35 to 4:05. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- "Fantasy of Flight Aircraft — WW I — 1918 Fokker D VIII." Archived 2014-03-16 at the Wayback Machine fasntasyofflight.com, March 18, 2014.
- "Fatal plane crash during air show." Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine Mid-Hudson News, August 17, 2008.
- Burke, Cathy. "Plane crash at Rhinebeck Aerodrome." New York Post, August 18, 2008.
- "Veteran pilot dead after crash in New York air show." Archived 2014-10-07 at the Wayback Machine Fox News, August 18, 2008.
- Marano, Greg and Christine Pizzuti. "Pilot in fatal crash identified|." Poughkeepsie Journal, August 18, 2008.
- Bainbridge, E. Gordon.The Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome. Fort Lauderdale, Florida: Exposition Pr of Florida, 1977. ISBN 978-0-68248-883-9.
- King, Richard & Wilkinson, Stephen. The Skies Over Rhinebeck: A Pilot's Story. Bloomington, Minnesota: Jostens, 1997. ISBN 0-96613-350-1.
- Vines, Mike. Return to Rhinebeck: Flying Vintage Aeroplanes. Ramsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1999. ISBN 978-1-85310-975-1.
- Vines, Mike. Wind in the Wires: A Golden Era of Flight, 1909-1939. Ramsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1995. ISBN 978-0-76030-190-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome.|
- Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome website
- Website dedicated to Cole Palen, founder of ORA
- Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome, Photos of the Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome Museum and World War I era airshow in Rhinebeck, New York
- Photos of the Aerodrome Collection
- Photographs of Cole Palen's Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome