Old St. Mary's Cathedral
|Old Saint Mary's Cathedral|
|Affiliation||Roman Catholic Church|
|Province||Archdiocese of San Francisco|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Proto-cathedral; parish|
|Leadership||Archbishop of San Francisco, Paulist Fathers|
|Location||660 California Street|
San Francisco, California
|Geographic coordinates||37°47′34″N 122°24′21″W / 37.79265°N 122.40575°WCoordinates: 37°47′34″N 122°24′21″W / 37.79265°N 122.40575°W|
|Architect(s)||Craine & England (1853-54); Welsh & Carey (1908-09)|
|Direction of façade||South|
The Old Cathedral of St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception is a proto-cathedral and parish of the Roman Catholic Church located at 660 California Street at the corner of Grant Avenue in the Chinatown neighborhood of San Francisco, California. It was built in 1854 in the Gothic Revival style, and was made a Designated San Francisco Landmark on April 11, 1968.
Old St. Mary's was established, as a mission, by Paulist Father Henry Ignatius Stark, C.S.P. The cornerstone was placed on Sunday, July 17, 1853, at the corner of California and Dupont Streets by the Bishop of Monterrey Joseph S. Alemany, built by Chinese laborers, with brick brought around Cape Horn, and granite cut in China. With its dedication by Alemany, now as the new Archbishop of San Francisco, at Christmas Midnight Mass, 1854, it became the first cathedral of the Archdiocese of San Francisco. The building was designed in the Gothic Revival style by William Craine and Thomas England, two of the earliest resident architects in California. St. Mary's is the first cathedral in California to be built for the express purpose of serving as a cathedral, although other churches in the state served as cathedrals before it was built. When it opened, it was the tallest building in San Francisco and all of California.
It was used from 1854 to 1891 as a cathedral and was replaced by the first Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption, as the archdiocese was in need of a larger space for the growing number of Catholics in the area. In 1891, Old Saint Mary's became a parish church, still using the same name that it bore as a cathedral. The new St. Mary's Cathedral was located at Van Ness Avenue and O'Farrell Street.
Under the clock face of Old St. Mary's appear the words: "Son, Observe the Time and Fly from Evil" (Ecclesiasticus 4:23). This sentiment was aimed at the men who frequented the surrounding brothels in the 1850s.
It was across the street from Old St. Mary's, at the southeast corner of California and Dupont Streets (the latter being the current Grant Avenue), that Emperor Norton collapsed in 1880, on his way to a lecture at the California Academy of Sciences.
Old St. Mary's survived the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, only to be gutted a day later by the fires started by the earthquake. The fires were so hot that they melted the church bells and marble altar. All that were left were the exterior brick walls and the bell tower. The renovation of the church was completed in 1909, supervised by architects Welsh & Carey. Dupont Street, with its association with the Barbary Coast and Chinatown, was renamed Grant Avenue, a respectful nod to former president and general Ulysses S. Grant.
The church further expanded and built an auditorium, a library and a lecture room and then used that space to host events for the servicemen and women of World War II.
Old St. Mary's remains an active parish of the archdiocese, serving the Chinatown and Nob Hill communities of San Francisco. Old St. Mary's Church is a California Historical Landmark. The Paulist Fathers have served Old Saint Mary's since 1901, and continue serving there today.
From 2011 to 2012, the church went through further renovations, during which time all the crosses on the roof were removed as it was restored. While the four crosses along the sides were put back up, as of September 2012 the cross in the middle has not returned.
Rectors of St. Mary's Cathedral 1854–1891:
- Rev. Hugh P. Gallagher 1854–1860
- Rev. James Croke 1860–1871
- Rev. John J. Prendergast 1871–1891
- List of Catholic cathedrals in the United States
- List of cathedrals in the United States
- List of San Francisco Designated Landmarks
- ^ Fong-Torres, Shirley (2008). The Woman Who Ate Chinatown: A San Francisco Odyssey. ISBN 978-0-595-44867-8.
The Church, originally called St. Mary's Church, was built in 1854 and was established by Father Henry Ignatius Stark. Chinese laborers built the church, ..
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- ^ "Chaplain History". Senate Chaplain. Government of California. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
- ^ "Superiors General and Presidents". Paulist Fathers. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
- ^ a b "Old St. Mary's". San Francisco Chinatown. Tiger Business Development Inc. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
- ^ a b Sally B. Woodbridge, John M. Woodbridge and Chuck Byrne, San Francisco Architecture (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1982)
- ^ a b "The History of Old Saint Mary's". Old Saint Mary's Cathedral. 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- ^ Stoltz, Eric (2010). "What is a Cathedral?". Cathedrals of California. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- ^ Christine Miller (2005). San Francisco's Financial District. Arcadia Publishing. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-7385-2999-8.
- ^ San Francisco Heritage Newsletter. Volumes 31-32. The Foundation. 2003.
- ^ "Old St. Marys Phase I & II". Nibbi Brothers General Contractors. 11 October 2009.
For nearly two decades after it was built, Old St. Mary's was the tallest building in California.
- ^ Bacon, Daniel (2001). Walking San Francisco on the Barbary Coast Trail (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Quicksilver Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-9646804-1-6.
- ^ "San Francisco". California State Parks: Office of Historic Preservation. State of California. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- ^ Catholic Directory Archdiocese of San Francisco
- Roman Catholic churches in San Francisco
- Chinatown, San Francisco
- Former cathedrals in the United States
- Roman Catholic churches completed in 1854
- National Register of Historic Places in San Francisco
- Churches on the National Register of Historic Places in California
- San Francisco Designated Landmarks
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco
- Buildings and structures burned in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake
- 1850s architecture in the United States
- Gothic Revival church buildings in California
- Roman Catholic cathedrals in California
- Church fires in the United States
- 1854 establishments in California
- 19th-century Roman Catholic church buildings in the United States