Old Spanish Pointer

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Perro de Punta Español
Spanish Pointer from 1915.JPG
Old Spanish Pointer in 1915.
Other namesOld Spanish Pointer
Spanish Pointer
Old Spanish Perro de Punta
Braco Español
OriginSpain
Breed statusExtinct
Traits
Weight Generally weigh between 55 and 65 pounds.
Male The male is also between the 55 and 65 range but is more toward the top around 60 to 65.
Female The female weight lies within the range mentioned above but is more towards the bottom around 55 to 60.
Height The average height span is 23 to 26 inches
Male Males however are 24 to 26
Female Females are 23 to 26 which accounts for them weighing slightly less than the male.
Life span The life span is between 12 and 15 years but this of course depends on how well you treat the dog and how much exercise it gets.
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The Old Spanish Pointer, or Perro de Punta Español, was a breed (or landrace) of dog originating in Spain, believed to be the ultimate ancestor of almost all pointing dogs.

History[edit]

Roman writers of the first century, Pliny or Sallustius, comment on the existence of dogs from Hispania that were used for hunting birds with nets. Centuries later, Muslim conquerors arrived on the Iberian Peninsula and brought the technique of falconry with them. These conquerors were pleasantly surprised to learn that Spanish pointers, trained by monks, displayed useful behaviours. The dog stopped when it found a bird and remained motionless until the hunter arrived. At this point, the falconry hunting technique joined with the Spanish Pointer as a perfect mechanism to locate and mark the position of prey. Since then, the skill set of the pointing dog has adapted to the technology involved in the hunt.

In 1644, Alonso Martinez del Espinar described it as "an animal of great work, and its breath and agility is so great that from morning to night non-stop run; there are some so light that seem to fly above the ground, and when the dog is skilled in bumping tracking these birds multiply until these proceedings until it stop it that is that it wants which follows".[1]

Heritage[edit]

Although Spain is the origin of the pointing dogs, the British most often mentioned the Spanish Pointer and brought the dogs to England in the 17th and 18th centuries.[2] Stonehengue, a pointer cinófilo scholar, wrote in the late 19th century, that the dog was selectively bred to be faster by only using lighter and faster specimens.

David Taylor, a veterinary who runs an international veterinary organization, stated that the Spanish Pointer was introduced in Britain and crossed with Greyhounds and English Foxhounds, resulting in the English Pointer.[3][4]

Similarly, in Germany in the 17th century, the German Shorthaired Pointer was the result of crossing German hounds, Spanish Pointers and Bloodhounds.

The Pachon Navarro is generally seen as the dog breed most closely resembling the Old Spanish Pointer.[5]

Last records[edit]

The Spanish Pointer by John Buckler (c. 1799). Currently, this painting is in the Yale Center for British Art in Connecticut, US.

The oldest recorded painting of the Spanish Pointer in England is a painting by Peter Tillemans, created in 1725.

Stories report that during the Spanish Civil War, a Portuguese merchant took one Spanish Pointer from Spain and gifted it to Baron Bichel of Norfolk.

British breeding[edit]

According to Williams, the British found the dog to have some defects:

"They came to the conclusion that this breed had to be remodelled. The English wanted more speed, more temperament, and enough endurance to be able to withstand a full day's hunting and also to condition the dog to work both in flat terrain and difficult terrain and keep the hobby of hunting and energy for each day, in total was only to preserve its ability to finesse nose. To achieve this, they were crossed with several breeds, especially the foxhound breeds, were made numerous attempts. Carefully they selected individuals to continue reproduction. Disappeared the fat head with the big ears and stayed with the head having now one, a dry head, lower with fine ears. Expressive and always a dark shade eyes and the nose more square with cut straight and dark and with large open nostrils. It is a noble head the very broad chest of Old Spanish Pointer, stayed narrower, but more background. Some that left the freest lungs and therefore with more capacity. The ribs of the old dog were more rounded and now being less curved gave more freedom to the muscles."[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Arkwright, William (1906). The Pointer and His Predecessors: An Illustrated History of the Pointing Dog from the Earliest Times. A. L. Humphreys.