Old Speckled Hen is a premium bitter from the Morland Brewery, now owned by Greene King Brewery. Old Speckled Hen was first brewed in 1979 in Abingdon, England, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the MG car factory there on 30 November 1979. Since 2000, when Greene King bought Morland and closed down the Abingdon brewery, it has been made in Greene King's Bury St Edmunds brewery. It is available in more than twenty different countries in bottles, cans and on tap from cask and keg. The brand has been expanded to include Old Crafty Hen, a 6.5% ABV ale, Hens tooth, a 6.5% ABV ale, Old Golden Hen, a golden coloured 4.1% beer, and Old Hoppy Hen, a 4.2% ABV pale ale.
Old Speckled Hen took its name from an experimental car called the MG Featherlight Saloon. The car's body was made of a wooden frame covered with gold-speckled black cellulosed fabric. It was used as a runaround for workers in the MG factory in Abingdon and was nicknamed the "owd speck’ld un". In 1979, the MG Factory celebrated the 50th anniversary of the MG Car Company’s move from Oxford to Abingdon. They asked Abingdon brewers Morland & Co to create a special commemorative beer for the occasion, for which they would suggest the name and would also design the label.
Daniel O'Leary (brewer and former cooper), had developed the recipe for a private beer in his garden shed in Abingdon and the recipe was then used when the brewery decided to release a celebration beer for the MG anniversary. The beer, an amber coloured Pale Ale, was then brewed at the brewery. It was brewed at a gravity of 1050 to denote the 50th anniversary. 25 barrels, 1200 dozen half-pints bottles, were produced, mostly for the promotional activities at MG, but also for limited distribution to Morland houses in the Abingdon area. What had been produced as a one-off celebration brew, proved so popular that a second batch had to be brewed in time for the main celebrations which were to be held in Abingdon over the weekend of the actual anniversary.
After the MG factory closed in 1980, production declined and Old Speckled Hen was almost exclusively available in pubs operated by Morland due to financial constraints and a different direction being taken by the brewery- believing its future lay in the production of lager. Within a few years, Morland began to re-explore ale production, reviving Old Speckled Hen and launching the draught version in 1990 with considerable success, with Old Speckled Hen proving to be a beer that Morland could market outside their own estate.
In January 1993, Old Speckled Hen was featured as beer reviewer Michael Jackson's "Beer of the Month" in his regular column for The Independent. The relaunch was thought to be behind an 8.9% interim profits rise for Morland in June 1997.
Greene King announced in December 2003 that, in the light of what it called "foaming" sales of Old Speckled Hen in particular, it was expanding its brewing capacity, having previously been operating at 96% capacity.
Fiona Hope, marketing director for Greene King speculated in April 2009 that Old Speckled Hen could follow GK's IPA and be made available in the so-called "dual pour font" whereby the tap version is available in two different styles, though this is, as yet, unconfirmed.
Old Speckled Hen is available in bottles, cans, casks, and kegs. The alcohol by volume of both the canned and bottled versions is 5%, making it a relatively strong, premium ale, however, the cask version was reduced from 5.2% to 4.5% ABV in 2006 to make it more of a "sessionable beer", resulting in a 60% increase in availability. Upon acquiring Morland, Greene King almost immediately decided to place emphasis on multi packs, rather than the sale of individual bottles and cans.
Marketing and rebranding
Old Speckled Hen was, in 2008 and 2009, rebranded to appeal to a younger audience. As part of this, Greene King, through the Speckled Hen brand, has embarked on a marketing campaign involving sponsorship of the Northamptonshire and Derbyshire County Cricket Clubs and, most notably, the digital television channel Dave. The ten second adverts, which feature a "crafty fox" seeking out an "elusive hen" and feature the catchphrase "It's different, But it's not a hen.", are shown eight times per hour after 9PM on weekdays. Greene King's marketing director said of the deal, "The fit between Dave and Old Speckled Hen is absolutely spot on. Both offer something a little different, witty, and quintessentially British". The Old Speckled Hen livery also appears on fifteen black cabs in the Central London area.
Old Speckled Hen's advertising was originated by (now defunct) Saatchi Group agency, RPG in 1987. Terry Symonds, head of RPG Design, designed the new label which was based on the MG Octagon to show the link between MG and Morland. After having researched the brand, he discovered that landlords were often asked about the name, so he suggested carrying a label on the reverse of the bottle, that would tell the story. Terry and his team were responsible for rebranding bitter as 1711 (the year of Morland's foundation) and best bitter as 'Old Masters' (a nod to George Morland – a renowned artist and painter). RPG Design also created a new identity to be carried through pub fascias, vehicle livery etc.
Another advertising campaign was part of a drive to appeal to younger drinkers which has also included the weakening of the draught version and the introduction of the advertising slogan "a not so traditional English ale" which featured on an oil painting reproduced in broadsheet newspapers and at 250 London Underground stations. Additionally, the campaign as revamped the brand's website, again aimed at a younger audience. The campaign was masterminded by Fallon Worldwide, although the contract was later taken up by the Miles Calcraft Briginshaw Duffy agency, who devised the television campaign, which cost £3.5 million.
According to Rob Flanagan, brand controller for Old Speckled Hen, the aim of the campaign was to attract up to 3 million new drinkers to the brand, while appearing to retain its "niche" status amongst established customers.
The relaunch was successful, with Greene King reporting "major success".
The Hen has been exported to over 40 countries, including Singapore, where 200 pints a day are sold in a single pub. In the US, it is available in 32 of the 50 states and reportedly popular in New York City. Old Speckled Hen is also available in Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, India, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands and Russia.
Old Crafty Hen
Old Crafty Hen is a 6.5% ABV 'super premium' version of Old Speckled Hen. Released in September 2008, it is marketed as combining the tastes of Speckled Hen and a former Greene King brand, 'Old 5X'. Neil Jardine, of Greene King claims that Crafty Hen is "a genuinely exceptional beer". Crafty Hen is significantly stronger than Speckled Hen, having been matured for several years, giving it a less pronounced flavour that varies from one batch to the next. Old Crafty was listed as number three in The Independent's Top Ten Best Winter Ales.
Old Golden Hen
Old Golden Hen was launched in August 2011, it is a light golden ale. Crafted by the master brewer of "Old Speckled Hen", this light golden beer is brewed using pale malts and Tasmanian Galaxy hops giving a light golden colour. A year after being launched in 2011, Old Golden Hen won a Gold Quality Award at the 2012 Monde Selection’s World Quality Selections The brand became the third member of the Old Speckled Hen family to win a Monde Selection Quality Award.
Old Hoppy Hen
Old Speckled Hen Low Alcohol
Brewed with Pale and Crystal malts alongside Challenger, First Gold and Goldings hops, Old Speckled Hen Low Alcohol attempts to evoke the tastes and aromas of the original Old Speckled Hen but with low ABV.
- "Greene King growth August 2007". Archived from the original on 25 April 2012.
- "Old Speckled Hen at MG90". 22 May 2014.
- @JolyonMaugham (19 August 2019). "@fascinatorfun @ActualRobPerry Your Dad invented Old Speckled Hen? How did we not know this?" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- @fascinatorfun (2 June 2019). "4/. In fact one of his beers is Old Speckled Hen (But the original made for one of my sisters' engagement was MUCH…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- "The story behind the brew".
- Stevenson, Tom (26 November 1996). "Old Speckled Hen takes off". The independent. London. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Michael Jackson (2 January 1993). "Long may the Speckled Hen range free". The Independent. London. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Jackson, Michael (2 January 1993). "Long may the Speckled Hen range free". Michael Jackon. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Cope, Nigel (13 June 1997). "Speckled Hen sales boost Morland". The Independent. London. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Walsh, Dominic (10 December 2003). "Greene King gets set to brew more". The Times. London. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Harrington, John (8 April 2009). "Old Speckled Hen could be next for dual- pour font". London: Morning Advertiser. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Age Restriction". Old Speckled Hen. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- "Old Speckled Hen launches ads to back new ABV level". London: Marketing Week. 12 October 2006. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Old Speckled Hen loses its strength in the on-trade". London: Talking Retail. 10 August 2006. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "SPECKLED HEN FLIES IN PACKS OF THREE". London: The Grocer. 11 November 2000. Retrieved 4 November 2009.[dead link]
- Forshaw, Luke (9 April 2009). "Old Speckled Hen signs sponsorship deal with Northants Cricket". London: Marketing Magazine. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Cricket, casino and pint of real ale". Northampton: Northamptonshire Chronicle. 4 November 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Old Speckled Hen nets deal with Derbyshire County Cricket Club". Derby: Derbyshire CCC. 29 April 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Hook, Sonya (27 April 2009). "TV debut for Old Speckled Hen". London: Morning Advertiser. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Yates, Nick (27 April 2009). "Old Speckled Hen goes for blokes". London: The Publican. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Charles, Gemma (28 April 2009). "Old Speckled Hen in TV debut". London: Marketing Magazine. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Greene King 'Old Speckled Hen' to sponsor Dave". just-drinks.com. 28 April 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Old Speckled Hens- the MG Beer". mgroadster.co.uk. Archived from the original on 1 September 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- Protz, Roger (March 2008). "Not so Old Speckled Hen". beer-pages.com. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Donnelly, Alison (23 June 2008). "Old Speckled Hen sports a new website". London: Marketing Magazine. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Old Speckled Hen 'the not so traditional' by Fallon". London: campaignlive.co.uk. 25 February 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "MCBD picks up £3.5m Old Speckled Hen creative account". London: campaignlive.co.uk. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Old Speckled Hen appeals to young". London: The Grocer. 3 March 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Ale hailed as the next big thing as sales soar". London: The Grocer. 9 July 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "Old Speckled Hen Exports". Greene King Brewery. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Weekes, Claire (23 November 2008). "Old Speckled Hen brewers unveil super premium ale". London: Harpers Wine and Spirit. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- Protz, Roger (September 2008). "The Old Crafty Hen". beer-pages.com. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- "The Ten Best Winter Ales". The Independent. London. 27 November 2008. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
- GOLD FOR GOLDEN MEANS QUALITY IS ASSURED ACROSS “OLD SPECKLED HEN” RANGE Archived 6 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine, greeneking.co.uk, 24 May 2012
- US craft beer-inspired Old Hoppy Hen pale ale joins Greene King coop, The Grocer, 14 April 2014
- , oldspeckledhen.co.uk, 22 June 2020