Old Three Hundred

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1833 map of Coahuila and Texas; Austin's Colony is the large pink area in the southeast.

The "Old Three Hundred" were 297 grantees who purchased 307 parcels of land from Stephen Fuller Austin in Mexican Texas. Each grantee was a family, or in some cases a partnership of unmarried men. By 1825 the colony they established had a population of 1,790, including 443 slaves.[1]

The colony encompassed an area that ran from the Gulf of Mexico on the south, to near present-day Jones Creek in Brazoria County, Brenham in Washington County, Navasota in Grimes County, and La Grange in Fayette County. It was the first authorized colony of Anglo-American settlers and African-American slaves in Mexico.


Moses Austin, an empresario, was authorized by Joaquín de Arredondo of Spain to create a colony of Americans in Texas as a bulwark against the native Comanche people. Before this plan could be implemented Moses Austin died in Missouri and Spain lost control of Mexico, both in 1821.[2]: 17–18 

Stephen Austin agreed to implement his father's plan, and at the end of the summer of 1821, he and a small group of settlers crossed into Texas. Before he arrived in San Antonio to meet with the governor, they learned that Mexico had earned its independence from Spain, making Texas a Mexican province rather than a Spanish province. Governor Martinez assured him, however, that the new Mexican government would honor the colonization contract.[3]

Stephen Austin returned to Louisiana to recruit settlers. He offered land at 12 cents per acre, only 10% of what comparable acreage sold for in the United States. The Settlers had to follow only four regulations. They had to be Catholic, they had to be of good moral character, they had to improve the land, and they had to cultivate the land within two years or it would be forfeited. Settlers would pay no customs duties for seven years and would not be subject to taxation for ten years. In return, they would be expected to become Mexican citizens.[4]

In March 1822, Austin learned that the new Mexican government had not ratified his father's land grant with Spain. He was forced to travel to Mexico City, 1,200 miles (1,931 km) away, to get permission for his colony.[5] There, he discovered that the Mexican government was dedicated to equal rights for all races and opposed to slavery. Stephen Austin considered legal slavery critical to the success of his colony, so he spent a year in Mexico City lobbying against anti-slavery legislation. In 1823 he reached a compromise with the Iturbide government that would allow slavery in Texas with restrictions.[2]: 20–23 

The 1823 Imperial Colonization Law of Mexico allowed an empresario to receive a land grant within the Mexican province of Texas. The empresario and a commissioner appointed by the governor would be authorized to distribute land to settlers and issue them titles in the name of the Mexican government. Only one contract was ultimately approved under this legislation: the first contract granted to Stephen F. Austin.[6]


Between 1823 and 1825, Austin granted 297 titles under this contract. Each head of household received a minimum of 177 acres[7] or 4,428 acres[8] depending on whether they intended to farm or raise livestock. The grant could be increased for large families or those wishing to establish a new industry, but the lands would be forfeited if they were not cultivated within two years.[6]

The settlers who received their titles under Stephen's first contract, known today as the Old Three Hundred, made up the first organized, approved influx of Anglo-American immigrants to Texas. The new titles were located in an area where no Spanish or Mexican settlements had existed, covering the land between the Brazos River and the Colorado River from the Gulf Coast to the San Antonio Road.[9]

Austin wrote the colony's legal code, laying out slavery laws in detail. Any slave who left a plantation without permission was to be tied up and whipped. There were considerable fines for helping or harboring a runaway slave.[2]: 23–24 

The capital of this new colony was San Felipe de Austin, now the town of San Felipe in Austin County.


When Austin began advertising his colony, he received a great deal of interest. He was able to be selective in his choice of colonists, which enabled his colony to be different from most others of the time. Austin chose settlers based on whether he believed they would be appropriately industrious. Overall, Austin chose people who belonged to a higher economic scale than most immigrants, and all brought some property with them. All but four of the men could read and write. This relatively high level of literacy had a great impact on the future of the colony. According to historian William C. Davis, because they were literate, the colonists "absorbed and spread the knowledge and news always essential to uniting people to a common purpose".[10]

Despite a provision in Mexican law requiring immigrants to be Catholic, most of Austin's settlers were Protestant. Many chafed at being ruled by Catholics. Virtually all were of British ancestry.[1]

One-quarter of the families brought enslaved African-American people with them. One of the colonists, Jared Groce, had 90 slaves. According to historian Christopher Long, the Old Three Hundred "constituted the heart of the burgeoning slave empire in antebellum Texas."[1]


Lester G. Bugbee in his article The Old Three Hundred published in the October 1897 issue of The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, identifies the head of each family who purchased land in Austin's colony.[11] They were:

Head of household Born Died Family as of March 1826 Notes Refs
Elijah Allcorn 1771 1844 Wife, five children and two servants. [12]
Martin Allen 1780 1837 Wife, nine children [13]
Abraham Alley 1803 1862 Wife, five children Brother of John, Rawson, Thomas and William Alley [14]
John C. Alley 1822 Brother of Abraham, Thomas, Rawson and William Alley. [15]
Rawson Alley 1793 1833 Single Brother of Abraham, John, Thomas and William Alley [16]
Thomas Alley 1826 Single Brother of Abraham, John, Rawson and William Alley [17]
William Alley 1800 August 15, 1869 Single Brother of Abraham, John, Rawson and Thomas Alley [18]
Charles Alsbury Single Brother of Harvey and Horace Alsbury. Died about 1828. [19]
Harvey Alsbury Wife Brother of Charles and Horace Alsbury [20]
Horace Alsbury 1805 June 1847 Single; later married Juana Navarro [21]
Thomas Alsbury 1773 Wife and two daughters Father of Charles, Harvey and Horace Alsbury. Wife Leah Catlett Alsbury. Daughters Leah Ann and Marion B. Served in the War of 1812. Died August 1826. [22]
Simeon Asa Anderson Wife, three children, one slave [23]
John Andrews February 1838 Wife, two children, one servant [24]
William Andrews 1840 Wife, five children, two slaves Daughter married Randal Jones in 1824. [25]
Samuel Angier August 26, 1792 In 1829, married fellow colonist Pamelia Pickett [26]
James E.B. Austin October 3, 1803 August 14, 1829 Helped put down the Fredonian Rebellion. Brother of Stephen F. Austin. [27]
John Austin March 17, 1801 August 11, 1833 [28]
Stephen F. Austin November 3, 1793 December 27, 1836 [29]
James B. Baily November 13, 1797 September 30, 1835 5 wives and 18 children
Daniel E. Balis
William Baratt
Thomas Barnet
Thomas Hudson Barron[30] 1796 1874 2 wives 22 children
Mills M. Battle
Benjamin Beason 1786 1837 wife Elizabeth "Betsy" & children Lydia, Collins, Nepsey, Abel, Edward (Leander), Benjamin; one hired hand, seven servants; horses, mules, cattle, and farming utensils In 1822, Beason (originally Beeson) began operating a ferry across the Colorado River. Beason also established a gristmill, gin, and a sawmill; his wife operated a boarding house. The settlement became known as Beason's Ferry or Beason's Crossing, later the site of the Texas Army camp under General Sam Houston. Following the Battle of the Alamo, Santa Anna's army headed for San Jacinto, and Sam Houston ordered that Beason's Crossing be burned during the Runaway Scrape. Beason's Crossing was officially renamed Columbus after the population returned In 1837. See Columbus, Texas.
Charles Belknap
Josiah H. Bell August 22, 1791
Thomas B. Bell Wife Prudencio, three children Donated the land on which Bellville was founded in 1846
M. Berry
Isaac Best 1774 1837 Wife Mary Margaret (Wilkins), and some of their nine children. After spending his early years in Pennsylvania and Kentucky, Best and his wife left Garrard County, Kentucky, and moved to Montgomery County in southern Missouri in 1808. There he built a mill and an outpost known as Best's Fort, which served as a refuge from Indian attacks during the War of 1812. The family and several slaves moved to Texas in 1824. On August 19 of that year, Best received title to a sitio ["site", in Spanish] east of the Brazos River in what is now Waller County. He increased his landholdings and built a home near the site of present Pattison. The 1826 census described Best as a farmer and stock raiser between forty and fifty years of age. His household consisted of his wife, three sons, two daughters, and four slaves. Best may have lived at San Felipe in 1833, when William B. Travis issued a subpoena for him as a witness in a case against Isaac Clower. Best died near Pattison in 1837. On August 29, 1974, the Texas Historical Commission dedicated a marker to him on Farm Road 1458 1½ miles west of Pattison."
Jacob Betts
Francis Biggam
William Bloodgood
Thomas Boatwright
Thomas Borden
Caleb R. Bostwick
John T. Bowman
Edward R. Bradley
John Bradley
Thomas Bradley
Charles Breen
Patrick Brias
William B. Bridges 1795 April 4, 1853
David Bright
Enoch Brinson
Bluford Brooks
Robert Brotherington
George Brown
John Brown
William S. Brown
Aylett C. Buckner
Pumphrey Brunet
Jesse Burnam 1792 1883
Micajah Byrd
Morris A. Callihan
Alexander Calvit 1784 1836
David Carpenter
William C. Carson
Samuel Carter
Jesse H. Cartwright
Thomas Cartwright
Sylvenus Castleman
Samuel Chance
Horatio Chriesman
John C. Clark
Antony R. Clarke
Merit M. Coats
John P. Coles
James Russell Cook 1812 1843 Single
John Cooke
William Cooper
Robert Cooper 5 children
John Crownover 1 son Married to Elizabeth Chesney, son John Chesney Crownover born 1799 in Pennsylvania[31]
James Cummings
John Cummings
Rebecca Cummins
William Cummings
James (Jack) Cummins c. 1773 1849
James Curtis, Sr.
James Curtis, Jr.
Hinton Curtis
Samuel Davidson
Thomas Davis
D. Deckrow
Charles Demos
Peter Demos
William B. Dewees Sep. 8th, 1799 Apr. 14th, 1878
John Dickinson
Nicholas Dillard
Thomas Marshall Duke 1785 24 May 1867 Married 3 times. 3rd wife, Jane Mason Wilkins McCormick Duke. 6 children; Mary Francis, Charlotte Jane, Thomoas Marshall, Jr., John Marshall, Stephen Austin, Alice Imogin Died, Hynes Bay, Refugio County, Texas during the yellow fever epidemic of 1867-Certified by Witnesses: Wm. Andrews, G. Seelingson, F. Hunt. Source: Daily Ranchero, September 1, 1867.
George Duty
Joseph Duty March 6, 1801 (Gallatin, TN) September 11, 1855 (Webberville, TX)
Clement C. Dyer
Thomas Earle
G.E. Edwards
John Elam
Robert Elder
Charles Falenash
David Fenton
James Fisher
David Fitzgerald 1832 Widowed with one son and daughter. The plot of land now sits in modern Fort Bend County. Fitzgerald died in 1832 and willed the land to his daughter Sarah. She would later sell the entire property to Johnathan Dawson Waters.
Isaiah Flanakin
Elisha Flowers
Isaac Foster
John Foster 1837 2 sons [34]
Randolph Foster
James Frazier
Churchill Fulshear [35]
Charles Garret
Samuel Gates
William Gates
Freeman George 1780 1834 Wife, 8 sons Freeman George received 1 sitios land between San Bernard and Bay Prairie (Matagorda County) and 1 labor of land located Brazos East side opposite San Felipe (Waller County). According to the Handbook of Texas Online, he was given a league and a labor of land (see above) which is known as Matagorda and Waller counties on July 7, 1824. Also one of the original patentees in the vicinity of Old Ocean, Texas, in southwestern Brazoria Co. [36]
Preston Gilbert
Sarah Gilbert 1750 1841
Daniel Gilleland
Chester S. Gorbet
Michael Gouldrich
Thomas Gray
Jared E. Groce 1782 1836 90 slaves [1]
Robert Guthrie
John Haddan
Samuel C. Hady
George B. Hall
John W. Hall
W. J. Hall
David Hamilton
Abner Harris
David Harris
John Richardson Harris
William Harris
William J. Harris
George Harrison
William Harvey
Thomas S. Haynes
James Hensley
Alexander Hodge 1757 1836 Historical marker erected at Hodge's Bend Cemetery in Fort Bend County (1975), where Alexander Hodge's grave is located.
Francis Holland
William Holland
Kinchen Holliman
James Hope
C.S. Hudson
George Huff
John Huff
Isaac Hughes
Eli Hunter
Johnson Calhoun Hunter May 22, 1787 May 29, 1855 Wife: Mary Martha Harbert; Children as of March 1826: Robert Hancock Hunter, John Calhoun Hunter, Harriet Harbert Hunter, Thomas Jefferson Hunter, Thaddeus Warsaw Hunter, Messina Hunter, Martha Hunter Education: Dr. Johnson Hunter, earned a Medical Diploma around 1805. Dr. Johnson & Martha raised 10 children, four girls and six boys. He received a title to a sitio (roughly 4600 acres where La Porte and Morgan's Point, TX are now located) of land from the Mexican government in 1824. In 1826, he sold Hunter's Point (peninsula between Galveston & San Jacinto Bays, now known as Morgans Point and La Porte and relocated to Fort Bend County, where he built a home that served as a Richmond area landmark for fifty years, currently Pecan Grove.[37] In 1855, a five-acre tract of land was donated by Dr. Johnson Hunter on the R.H. Hunter survey and was called the Frost Institute. The institute was organized by Dr. Johnson Hunters' son-in-law. Frost Institute was located approximately six miles north of Richmond.[38] Dr. Hunter was buried in the family cemetery, known as the Brick Church Graveyard.
John Iiams [sic] This may be John Williams.
Ira Ingram 1788 1837
Seth Ingram
John Irons 1786 1842 Wife Polly(Baker) Irons and son Elisha B. Irons born in 1826 Settled outside Monaville, Tx near Irons Creek.
Samuel Isaacks
Alexander Jackson
Humphrey Jackson
Isaac Jackson
Thomas Jamison
Henry W. Johnson
Henry Jones
James W. Jones
Oliver Jones
R. Jones
Imla Keep
John C. Keller
John Kelly
Samuel Kennedy
Alfred Kennon
James Kerr
Peter Kerr
William Kerr
William Kincheloe
William Kingston
James Knight
Abner Kuykendall 1777 1834 Brother of Robert and Joseph, father of Barzillia. Commanded the militia of Austin's colony, murdered by Joseph Clayton.
Barzillai Kuykendall Son of Abner Kuykendall
Joseph Kuykendall
Robert Kuykendall
Hosea H. League
Joel Leakey
Benjamin Linsey
John Little
Jane H. Wilkinson Long 1798 1880 Mother of Texas
James Lynch
Lydia Amanda Smalley
Nathanael Lynch
John McCroskey
Arthur McCormick
David McCormick
John McCormick
Thomas McCoy
Aechilles McFarlan
John McFarlan
Thomas F. McKinney 1801 1873 Father of the Texas Navy
Hugh McKinsey
A.W. McClain 1797 1895
James McNair
Daniel McNeel
George W. McNeel
John McNeel
John G. McNeel
Pleasant D. McNeel
Sterling McNeel
Elizabeth McNutt
William McWilliams
Shubael Marsh
Wily Martin 1776 1842
William Mathis
David H. Milburn
Samuel Miller
Samuel R. Miller
Simon Miller
James D. Millican
Robert Millican
William Millican
Joseph Mims 1844 Wife Sarah, two sons, one daughter, and four slaves
Asa Mitchell
John L. Monks
John H. Moore Aug. 13, 1800 Dec. 02, 1880 Single Indian fighter, builder of Moore's Fort, and leader at the Battle of Gonzales. Married Eliza Cummins, daughter of Jack Cummins listed above.
Luke Moore
Moses Morrison
William Morton
David Mouser
James Nelson
Joseph Newman c. 1787 1831 Wife Rachel Rabb, 10 children Brother in-law to John Rabb and Thomas J. Rabb, he ranched and farmed a sitio near Bonus.
Charles Isaac Nidever
M.B. Nuckols
James Orrick
Nathan Osborn
William Parks
Joshua Parker
William Parker
Isaac Pennington
George S. Pentecost
Freeman Pettus
William A. Pettus
John Petty
J.C. Peyton
James A.E. Phelps
I.B. Phillips
Zeno Philips[39]
Pamelia Picket
Joseph H. Polley
Peter Powell
William Prater
Pleasant Pruitt
William Pryor c. 1775 1833 Wife Betsy Trammell, 6 children His death was recorded as 9 Sept 1833 in the diary of William B. Travis. Pryor's will states he was from Botetourt County, Virginia He disowned his only son Trammell J Pryor. [40]
Andrew Rabb
John Rabb
Thomas J. Rabb
William Rabb
William Raleigh
L. Ramey
David Randon
John Randon
Frederic H. Rankin
Amos Rawls
Benjamin Rawls
Daniel Rawls
Stephen Richardson
Elijah Roark 1782 1829 Son: Leo Andrew Elijah Roark and Wife: Cynthia Elijah Fisher
Earle Robbins
William Robbins
Andrew Roberts 1844 Wife Sally, four daughters, and one son
Noel F. Roberts C. 1786 C. 1843 Harriet Pryor
William Roberts 1813 Jul 1849 Elizabeth Pryor
Edward Robertson
Andrew Robinson Sr. 1852 Wife Nancy and two children First settler
Texas Historical Marker for Andrew Robinson Sr.
George Robinson
James Ross
June Salmeron
Joseph San Pierre
Robert Scobey
Marvin Scheick
James Scott
William Scott
William Selkirk 1792 1830 2 children Helped found Matagorda and served as militia captain.
Owen Shannon 1762 1839 Margaret & children Margaret Montgomery/family Montgomery County named after/ Ran Montgomery County Trading Post
David Shelby
Daniel Shipman NC 20 Feb 1801 Goliad County Texas 4 Mar 1881 Son of Moses Shipman
Moses Shipman 1774 NC 1 Jan 1838 Ft. Bend, TX Mary Robinson, ten children Father of Daniel Shipman
Bartlet Sims
George Washington Singleton Related to Charla Kaye Moore Sisk https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsi29
Philip Singleton Daughter Mary King married John D. Taylor November 19, 1838
Christian Smith
Cornelius Smith
John Smith
William Smeathers 1767 1837
Gabriel S. Snider
Albert L. Sojourner
Nancy Spencer
Adam Stafford
William Stafford 1780 1840
Thomas Stevens
Owen H. Stout
John Strange
Walter Sutherland
Elemelech Swearingen 1805 1887 Last family of the Old 300; replaced a family who withdrew their application.
Historical marker for Elemelech Swearingen
David Tally
John D. Taylor Married Mary King Singleton, daughter of Philip Singleton, November 19, 1838; they had two children Jeanette Susan 1841–1915 and Isabell 1842–1925
George Teel
Ezekiel Thomas
Jacob Thomas
Jesse Thompson
Thomas J. Tone
James F. Tong 1783 298 Elizabeth Thompson , 1 Child- Harriet E. Tong (1817–1884) Father- William H. Tong (1756–1848) Revolutionary Way Minuteman in Maryland, fought at Bradywine and Germantown with George Washington. William Tong, 2 wives and 26 children
Samuel Toy
John Trobough
Elizabeth Piemmons Tumlinson 1778 1829 Wife of John Jackson Tumlinson whom was killed by Waco Indians while crossing the Guadalupe river
James Tumlinson
Isaac Vandorn
Martin Varner
Allen Vince
Richard Vince
Robert Vince
William Vince
James Walker
Thomas Walker
Caleb Wallice
Francis F. Wells
Amy White
Joseph White
Reuben White
Walter C. White
William White
Boland Whitesides
Henry Whitesides
James Whitesides
William Whitesides
Nathaniel Whiting
William Whitlock
Elias R. Wightman 1792 1841 Married Mary Sherwood Wightman in 1828 Helped found Matagorda and surveyed Austin's colony.
Jane Wilkins
George I. Williams
Henry Williams
John Williams
John R. Williams Built "The Old Place" along Clear Creek, which eventually became the oldest remaining structure in Harris County, Texas. It is now part of Houston's Sam Houston Park
Robert H. Williams
Samuel M. Williams
Solomon Williams
Thomas Williams
Zadock Woods aka Zaduck 1773 1842 Wife Minerva Cottle Woods Served in the battle of Gonzales, the battle of Concepción, the Grass Fight and the Runaway Scrape. Colonist of Texas, Zadock Woods was one of the "Old Three Hundred" who established a colony area with land purchased from Stephen F. Austin.[41] A veteran of the War of 1812, he served in the battle of Gonzales, the battle of Concepción, the Grass Fight and the Runaway Scrape.[42][43] His homestead was a fortified inn, known as Fort Woods, built to provide protection from Indian attacks on the colonists.[44] He was the oldest man killed in the "Dawson expedition" September 1842.[45] [42]
Memorial Stone erected by the State of Texas 1936 at the site of Woods Fort


  1. ^ a b c d Long, Christopher. "Old Three Hundred". Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Burrough, Bryan; Tomlinson, Chris; Stanford, Jason (2021). Forget the Alamo: The Rise and Fall of an American Myth. New York: Penguin Press. ISBN 9781984880093.
  3. ^ Edmondson (2000), p. 60.
  4. ^ Edmondson (2000), p. 61.
  5. ^ Edmondson (2000), p. 63.
  6. ^ a b Greaser (1999), p. xviii.
  7. ^ Cantrell (2000), p. 419.
  8. ^ Hatch (1999), p. 136.
  9. ^ Greaser (1999), p. ix.
  10. ^ Davis (2006), p. 60.
  11. ^ Bugbee, Lester G. (October 1897). "The Old Three Hundred: A List of Settlers in Austin's First Colony". Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association. 1 (2): 108–117. JSTOR 30242636.
  12. ^ "Allcorn, Elijah", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  13. ^ "Allen, Martin", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  14. ^ "Alley, Abraham", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  15. ^ "Alley, John C.", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  16. ^ "Alley, Rawson", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  17. ^ "Alley, Thomas V.", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  18. ^ "Alley, William A.", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  19. ^ "Alsbury, Charles Grundison", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  20. ^ "Alsbury, James Harvey", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  21. ^ "Alsbury, Horace Arlington", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  22. ^ "Alsbury, Thomas", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  23. ^ "Anderson, Simeon Asa", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  24. ^ "Andrews, John", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  25. ^ "Andrews, William", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  26. ^ "Angier, Samuel Tubbs", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  27. ^ "Austin, James Elijah Brown", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  28. ^ "Austin, John", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  29. ^ "Austin, Stephen Fuller", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  30. ^ "TSHA | Barron, Thomas Hudson". www.tshaonline.org.
  31. ^ "Ancestry® | Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History Records". ancestry.com. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
  32. ^ "TSHA | Fitzgerald, David". www.tshaonline.org.
  33. ^ "TSHA | Waters, Jonathan Dawson". www.tshaonline.org.
  34. ^ "TSHA | Foster, John". www.tshaonline.org.
  35. ^ "Fulshear, Churchill", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  36. ^ "GEORGE, FREEMAN," Handbook of Texas Online [1], accessed June 07, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  37. ^ "Fort Bend County Texas - A Pictorial History" by Sharon Wallingford, p. 47
  38. ^ "Fort Bend County Texas - A Pictorial History" by Sharon Wallingford, p. 58
  39. ^ "PHILIPS, ZENO," Handbook of Texas Online (https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fph05), accessed October 02, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  40. ^ "PRYOR, WILLIAM," Handbook of Texas Online [2], accessed January 8, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  41. ^ Title: Zadock and Minerva Cottle Woods, American pioneers Author: Paul N Spellman Publisher: Austin, Texas 1988 OCLC Number: 36308761
  42. ^ a b Paul N. Spellman, "WOODS, ZADOCK," Handbook of Texas Online [3], accessed June 16, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  43. ^ Original papers Regarding Zadock Woodsand His Sons: Norman Woods; Henry Gonzalvo Woods; Montraville Woods; Leander Woods compiled by Robert Forsyth Little, IV and Marianne Elizabeth Hall Little OCLC Number: 310362910 in Historical Manuscript collection, University of Texas at Austin Library.
  44. ^ Texas Haunted Forts Author: Elaine Coleman Republic of Texas Press 2001 ISBN 978-1-55622-841-4
  45. ^ Memorial Stone erected by the State of Texas 1936 at the site of Woods Fort


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