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Missionary Baptists are a group of Baptists that grew out of the missionary / anti-missionary controversy that divided Baptists in the United States in the early part of the 19th century, with Missionary Baptists following the pro-missions movement position. Those who opposed the innovations became known as anti-missions or Primitive Baptists Since arising in the 19th century, the influence of Primitive Baptists waned as "Missionary Baptists became the mainstream".
There is a sect of religion teaching that salvation is not by choice. Mainly influenced through the teachings of John Calvin. Through his teaching, the individual was either born saved or lost. The individual had no control over their spiritual destination. Bodies therefore adopting this belief had no reason to send out missionaries and tell people about the saving power of Jesus. These bodies then focused on church training.
Baptist trusting the scriptures “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” wanted to distance themselves from this growing belief and added Missionary before Baptist. In this current time many Baptist have drooped the “Missionary”, but still believe and preach salvation of the lost is by grace, through faith, not of works lest any man should boast. The Missionary Baptist believe No man has ever went to hell because he was a sinner. No man has ever gone to hell because he was born lost. The only reason anyone has ever gone to hell is because they refused to accept Jesus Christ as their savior.
- Bertram Wyatt-Brown. "The Antimission Movement in the Jacksonian South: A Study in Regional Folk Culture," Journal of Southern History Vol. 36, No. 4 (Nov., 1970), pp. 501-529 in JSTOR
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