Old Yeller (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Robert Stevenson|
|Produced by||Walt Disney|
|Screenplay by||Fred Gipson|
|Based on||Old Yeller|
by Fred Gipson
|Music by||Oliver Wallace|
|Cinematography||Charles P. Boyle|
|Edited by||Stanley E. Johnson|
|Distributed by||Buena Vista Pictures Distribution|
|Box office||$6,250,000 (US/ Canada rentals) |
Old Yeller is a 1957 American drama film produced by Walt Disney. It stars Tommy Kirk, Dorothy McGuire, Fess Parker, and Beverly Washburn. It is about a boy and a stray dog in post-Civil War Texas. The film is based upon the 1956 Newbery Honor-winning book of the same name by Fred Gipson. Gipson also cowrote the screenplay with William Tunberg. The success of the Old Yeller film led to a sequel, Savage Sam, which was also based on a book by Gipson.
In the late 1860s, Jim Coates leaves his wife Katie, his older son Travis, and younger son Arliss to collect cattle in Kansas. While Jim is away, Travis sets off to work in the cornfield, where he encounters an ugly, lop-eared dog he names "Old Yeller", a yellow Labrador mix. He was called that because "yeller" is a dialect pronunciation of yellow and the fact that his bark sounds more like a human yell. Travis unsuccessfully tries to drive the dog away, but Arliss likes him and defends him from Travis. However, the dog's habit of stealing meat from smokehouses and robbing hens' nests does not endear him to Travis.
Later, Arliss tries to capture a black bear cub by feeding it cornbread and grabbing it. Its angry mother hears her cub wailing and attacks, but Old Yeller appears and drives her off, earning the affection of the family. Travis grows to love and respect Old Yeller, who comes to have a profound effect on the boy's life.
Bud Searcy and his daughter Lisbeth come by for supper one day, and Lisbeth takes Travis aside to tell him Old Yeller has been stealing food all over the county. After she and her father leave, Travis scolds Old Yeller and has the dog sleep in the cornfield with him to chase off raccoons. The next day, Old Yeller proves his worth as a cow dog by protecting Travis from Rose, their cow and making her stand still while Travis milks her.
Old Yeller's owner, Burn Sanderson, shows up looking for his dog, but comes to realize that they need him more than he does, and agrees to trade him to Arliss in exchange for a horny toad and a home-cooked meal. Sanderson takes Travis aside and warns him of the growing plague of hydrophobia.
One day, Travis sets out to trap feral hogs. On the advice of Bud Searcy, he sits in a tree, trying to rope them from above as Old Yeller keeps them from escaping. Travis falls into the group of hogs, one of which injures him. Old Yeller attacks it and rescues Travis, who escapes with a badly hurt leg. Old Yeller is severely wounded as well. Searcy warns them of hydrophobia in the area and is chastised by Katie for trying to scare Travis. Searcy leaves, but not before placing Lisbeth in the Coates household to help with harvesting corn. Travis assures Katie that the hogs did not have hydrophobia, and both he and Old Yeller fully recover.
However, the family soon see their cow, Rose, stumbling and foaming at the mouth. Travis confirms that she has hydrophobia and shoots her. While Katie and Lisbeth burn her body that night, they are suddenly attacked by a wolf. Katie's scream alerts Travis, who runs outside with a rifle, just in time to see Old Yeller fighting with the wolf. Travis successfully manages to shoot and kill the wolf, but not before he bites Old Yeller. Due to her knowledge that no healthy wolf, not even a loafer wolf, would jump anyone near a burning area, Katie realizes that the wolf was rabid. She suggests shooting Old Yeller, but since he saved her life, Travis insists that they instead pen him in the corn crib and hope that he remains unaffected. At first, Travis has hope, but one night, when he goes to feed Old Yeller, he growls savagely. Arliss attempts to open the corn crib, oblivious to the danger. Katie slams the door shut before Old Yeller can attack and confirming that Old Yeller is suffering, takes Arliss back to the house to get the gun. A grieving Travis takes the gun and reluctantly shoots Old Yeller to put him out of his misery.
Heartbroken from the death of his beloved dog, Travis refuses the offer of a new puppy fathered by Old Yeller. Jim comes home with a bagful of money and presents for his family. Having learned about Old Yeller, he explains the facts about life and death to Travis. When they get back to the farm, the young puppy steals a piece of meat, a trick he learned from his father. Travis then accepts him as their new dog, naming him "Young Yeller" to honor his father.
- Fess Parker as Jim Coates
- Dorothy McGuire as Katie Coates
- Tommy Kirk as Travis Coates
- Kevin Corcoran as Arliss Coates
- Jeff York as Bud Searcy
- Beverly Washburn as Lisbeth Searcy
- Chuck Connors as Burn Sanderson
- Spike as Old Yeller
Comic book adaption
Reception and legacy
Bosley Crowther in the December 26, 1957 New York Times praised the film's performers and called the film "a nice little family picture" that was a "lean and sensible screen transcription of Fred Gipson's children's book." He said that the film was a "warm, appealing little rustic tale [that] unfolds in lovely color photography. Sentimental, yes, but also sturdy as a hickory stick."
The movie went on to become an important cultural film for baby boomers, with Old Yeller's death in particular being remembered as one of the most tearful scenes in cinematic history. It currently has a rating of 100% on Rotten Tomatoes. One critic cited it as "among the best, if not THE best" of the boy-and-his-dog films. Critic Jeff Walls wrote:
Old Yeller, like The Wizard of Oz and Star Wars, has come to be more than just a movie; it has become a part of our culture. If you were to walk around asking random people, you would be hard-pressed to find someone who did not know the story of Old Yeller, some who didn't enjoy it or someone who didn't cry. The movie's ending has become as famous as any other in film history.
The film was re-released in 1965 and earned an estimated $2 million in North American rentals.
- "All-Time Top Grossers", Variety, 8 January 1964 p 69
- Sheryl Smith-Rodgers, "Honoring Old Yeller", American Profile. Archived February 10, 2009.
- Crowther, Bosley (1957-12-26). "Movie Review - Old Yeller - Screen: Shameful Incident of War; 'Paths of Glory' Has Premiere at Victoria - NYTimes.com". Movies.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
- "WTC to Celebrate 50th Anniversary of Old Yeller with Program, Exhibit". Angelo.edu. 2006-08-31. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
- "Old Yeller". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
-  Old Yeller - Special Edition at the Wayback Machine (archived December 16, 2008)
-  Jeff Walls, Old Yeller (1957) at the Wayback Machine (archived October 12, 2008)
- See "Top Grossers of 1965", Variety, 5 January 1966 p 36
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