Old Yeller (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Robert Stevenson|
|Produced by||Walt Disney|
|Screenplay by||Fred Gipson|
|Based on||Old Yeller|
by Fred Gipson
|Music by||Oliver Wallace|
|Cinematography||Charles P. Boyle|
|Edited by||Stanley E. Johnson|
|Distributed by||Buena Vista Distribution|
|Box office||$6,250,000 (US/ Canada rentals) |
Old Yeller is a 1957 American drama film produced by Walt Disney. It stars Tommy Kirk, Dorothy McGuire, Fess Parker, and Beverly Washburn. It is about a boy and a stray dog in post-Civil War Texas. The film is based upon the 1956 Newbery Honor-winning book of the same name by Fred Gipson. Gipson also cowrote the screenplay with William Tunberg. The success of the Old Yeller film led to a sequel, Savage Sam, which was also based on a book by Gipson.
In the late 1860s, Jim Coates leaves his wife Katie, his older son Travis, and younger son Arliss to collect cattle in Kansas. While Jim is away, Travis sets off to work in the cornfield, where he encounters a dog he names "Old Yeller", a Labrador Retriever. He was called that because "yeller" is a dialect pronunciation of yellow and the fact that his bark sounds more like a human yell. Travis unsuccessfully tries to drive the dog away, but Arliss likes him and defends him from Travis. However, the dog's habit of stealing meat from smokehouses and robbing hens' nests does not endear him to Travis.
Later, Arliss tries to capture a black bear cub by feeding it cornbread and grabbing it. Its angry mother hears her cub wailing and attacks, but Old Yeller appears and drives her off, earning the affection of the family. Travis grows to love and respect Old Yeller, who comes to have a profound effect on the boy's life.
Bud Searcy and his granddaughter Lisbeth come by for supper one day, and Lisbeth takes Travis aside to tell him Old Yeller has been stealing food all over the county. After she and her father leave, Travis scolds Old Yeller and has the dog sleep in the cornfield with him to chase off raccoons. The next day, Old Yeller proves himself worthy as a cow dog by protecting Travis from Rose, their cow, and making her stand still while Travis milks her.
One day, Old Yeller's original master, Burn Sanderson, shows up looking for his dog. Sanderson realizes that the Coates family needs Old Yeller more than he does, so he agrees to trade him to Arliss in exchange for a horny toad and a home-cooked meal. Sanderson later takes Travis aside and warns him of the growing plague of hydrophobia.
One day, Travis sets out to trap a family of feral hogs. On the advice of Bud Searcy, he sits in a tree, trying to rope them from above as Old Yeller corners them and keeps them from escaping. However, Travis then falls into the group of hogs and is attacked by one. Old Yeller defends Travis as he crawls away with an injured leg. However, Old Yeller is severely injured by the hog and Travis hides him in a large hole. Travis's mother then retrieves Old Yeller and uses horse hair to suture his wounds. As Old Yeller recovers, Searcy warns the Coates family of hydrophobia in the area but is chastised by Katie for trying to scare Travis. Searcy leaves, but not before leaving Lisbeth with the Coates to help them with their corn harvest. Travis assures Katie that the hogs did not have hydrophobia, and both he and Old Yeller fully recover.
Later, the family see their cow, Rose, stumbling and foaming at the mouth. Travis confirms that she is rabid and shoots her. While Katie and Lisbeth burn her body that night, they are suddenly attacked by a wolf. Katie's scream alerts Travis, who runs outside with a rifle, just in time to see Old Yeller fighting off the wolf. Travis successfully shoots the wolf, but not before Old Yeller is bitten on the neck. Katie tells Travis that no healthy wolf would attack near a burning area and, therefore, the wolf was rabid. Katie then suggests that it may be necessary to shoot Old Yeller, but Travis insists that they instead pen him in the corn crib to see if he shows symptoms of the disease. After remaining quarantined, the Coates believe that Old Yeller may not have been infected. However, one night, when Travis goes to feed Old Yeller, he growls at him aggressively. Travis suspects that Old Yeller may have been infected but says nothing. Later that night, Arliss tries to open the corn crib to release Old Yeller, oblivious to the danger. Katie slams the door shut as Old Yeller snarls and tries to attack. Katie then tells Travis that Old Yeller is suffering and takes Arliss back to the house. Katie returns with the rifle, but Travis takes it, saying Old Yeller is his dog. Travis then reluctantly shoots Old Yeller and walks away.
Upset over the loss of his dog, Travis refuses the offer of a new puppy sired by Old Yeller. His father, Jim, then comes home with money and gifts for the family. Katie tells him about Old Yeller, and Jim talks to Travis about it. Upon returning to the farmhouse, Travis observes the puppy stealing a piece of meat, a habit he inherited from Old Yeller. Travis then accepts the puppy, "Young Yeller," as his new dog.
- Fess Parker as Jim Coates
- Dorothy McGuire as Katie Coates
- Tommy Kirk as Travis Coates
- Kevin Corcoran as Arliss Coates
- Jeff York as Bud Searcy
- Beverly Washburn as Lisbeth Searcy
- Chuck Connors as Burn Sanderson
- Spike as Old Yeller
Comic book adaption
Reception and legacy
Bosley Crowther in the December 26, 1957 New York Times praised the film's performers and called the film "a nice little family picture" that was a "lean and sensible screen transcription of Fred Gipson's children's book." He said that the film was a "warm, appealing little rustic tale [that] unfolds in lovely color photography. Sentimental, yes, but also sturdy as a hickory stick."
The movie went on to become an important cultural film for baby boomers, with Old Yeller's death in particular being remembered as one of the most tearful scenes in cinematic history. It currently has a rating of 100% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 20 reviews, with a weighted average of 8.12/10. One critic cited it as "among the best, if not THE best" of the boy-and-his-dog films. Critic Jeff Walls wrote:
Old Yeller, like The Wizard of Oz and Star Wars, has come to be more than just a movie; it has become a part of our culture. If you were to walk around asking random people, you would be hard-pressed to find someone who did not know the story of Old Yeller, some who didn't enjoy it or someone who didn't cry. The movie's ending has become as famous as any other in film history.
The film was re-released in 1965 and earned an estimated $2 million in North American rentals.
- "All-Time Top Grossers", Variety, 8 January 1964 p 69
- Sheryl Smith-Rodgers, "Honoring Old Yeller", American Profile. Archived February 10, 2009.
- Crowther, Bosley (1957-12-26). "Movie Review - Old Yeller - Screen: Shameful Incident of War; 'Paths of Glory' Has Premiere at Victoria - NYTimes.com". Movies.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
- "WTC to Celebrate 50th Anniversary of Old Yeller with Program, Exhibit". Angelo.edu. 2006-08-31. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
- "Old Yeller". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
-  Old Yeller - Special Edition at the Wayback Machine (archived December 16, 2008)
-  Jeff Walls, Old Yeller (1957) at the Wayback Machine (archived October 12, 2008)
- See "Top Grossers of 1965", Variety, 5 January 1966 p 36
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