Old Yeller (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Robert Stevenson|
|Produced by||Walt Disney|
|Based on||Old Yeller|
by Fred Gipson
|Cinematography||Charles P. Boyle|
|Edited by||Stanley E. Johnson|
|Distributed by||Buena Vista Distribution|
|Box office||$6,250,000 (US/Canada rentals)|
Old Yeller is a 1957 American drama film produced by Walt Disney. It stars Tommy Kirk, Dorothy McGuire, Fess Parker, and Beverly Washburn. It is about a boy and a stray dog in post-Civil War Texas. The film is based upon the 1956 Newbery Honor-winning novel of the same name by Fred Gipson. Gipson also co-wrote the screenplay along with William Tunberg. The film's success led to a 1963 sequel, Savage Sam, which was based on a 1962 book by Gipson.
In the late 1860s, Jim Coates leaves his wife Katie, his older son Travis, and younger son Arliss to collect cattle in Kansas. While Jim is away, Travis sets off to work in the cornfield, where he encounters a dog he names "Old Yeller", a Labrador Retriever mix. He was called that because "yeller" is a dialect pronunciation of yellow and the fact that his bark sounds more like a human yell. Travis unsuccessfully tries to shoo the dog away, but Arliss likes him and defends him from Travis. However, the dog's habit of stealing meat from smokehouses and robbing hens' nests does not endear him to Travis.
Later, Arliss tries to capture a black bear cub by feeding it cornbread and grabbing it. Its angry mother hears her cub wailing and attacks, but Old Yeller appears and shoos her off, earning the affection of the family. Travis grows to love and respect Old Yeller, who comes to have a profound affect on the boy's life.
Bud Searcy and his granddaughter Lisbeth come by for supper one day, and Lisbeth takes Travis aside to tell him Old Yeller has been stealing food all over the county. After she and her father leave, Travis scolds Old Yeller and has the dog sleep in the cornfield with him to chase off raccoons. The next day, Old Yeller proves himself worthy as a cow dog by protecting Travis from Rose, their cow, and making her stand still while Travis milks her.
One day, Old Yeller's original master, Burn Sanderson, shows up looking for his dog. Sanderson realizes that the Coates family needs Old Yeller more than he does, so he agrees to trade him to Arliss in exchange for a horny toad and a home-cooked meal. Sanderson later takes Travis aside and warns him of the growing plague of hydrophobia (rabies).
One day, Travis sets out to trap a family of feral hogs. On the advice of Bud Searcy, he sits in a tree, trying to rope them from above as Old Yeller corners them and keeps them from escaping. However, Travis then falls into the group of hogs and is attacked by one. Old Yeller defends Travis as he crawls away with an injured leg. However, Old Yeller is severely injured by the hog and Travis hides him in a large hole. Travis' mother then retrieves Old Yeller and uses horse hair to suture his wounds. As Old Yeller recovers, Searcy warns the Coates family of hydrophobia in the area but is chastised by Katie for trying to scare Travis. Searcy leaves, but not before leaving Lisbeth with the Coates to help them with their corn harvest. Travis assures Katie that the hogs did not have hydrophobia, and both he and Old Yeller fully recover.
Later, the family sees their cow, Rose, stumbling and foaming at the mouth. Travis confirms that she is rabid and shoots her. While Katie and Lisbeth burn her body that night, they are suddenly attacked by a wolf. Katie's scream alerts Travis, who runs outside with a rifle, just in time to see Old Yeller fighting off the wolf. Travis successfully shoots the wolf, but not before Old Yeller is bitten on the neck. Katie tells Travis that no healthy wolf would attack near a burning area and, therefore, the wolf was rabid. Katie then suggests that it may be necessary to shoot Old Yeller, but Travis insists that they instead pen him in the corn crib to see if he shows symptoms of the disease. After remaining quarantined, the Coates believe that Old Yeller may not have been infected. However, one night, when Travis goes to feed Old Yeller, he growls at him aggressively. Travis suspects that Old Yeller may have been infected but says nothing. Later that night, Arliss tries to open the corn crib to release Old Yeller, oblivious to the danger. Katie slams the door shut as Old Yeller snarls and tries to attack. Katie then tells Travis that Old Yeller is suffering and takes Arliss back to the house. Katie returns with the rifle, but Travis takes it, saying Old Yeller is his dog. Travis then reluctantly shoots Old Yeller and walks away.
Upset over the loss of his dog, Travis refuses the offer of a new puppy sired by Old Yeller. His father, Jim, then comes home with money and gifts for the family. Katie tells him about Old Yeller, and Jim talks to Travis about it. Upon returning to the farmhouse, Travis observes the puppy stealing a piece of meat, a habit he inherited from Old Yeller. Travis then accepts the puppy, "Young Yeller," as his new dog.
- Fess Parker as Jim Coates
- Dorothy McGuire as Katie Coates
- Tommy Kirk as Travis Coates
- Kevin Corcoran as Arliss Coates
- Jeff York as Bud Searcy
- Beverly Washburn as Lisbeth Searcy
- Chuck Connors as Burn Sanderson
- Spike as Old Yeller
Comic book adaptation
During its initial theatrical run, Old Yeller earned $5.9 million in box office rentals from the United States and Canada. The film was re-released in 1965, and earned an estimated $2 million in domestic rentals.
Bosley Crowther of The New York Times praised the film's performers and called the film "a nice little family picture" that was a "lean and sensible screen transcription of Fred Gipson's children's book." He further described the film as a "warm, appealing little rustic tale [that] unfolds in lovely color photography. Sentimental, yes, but also sturdy as a hickory stick." Time magazine felt the "action, in short, is exciting for everybody, but all too often the dialogue is only for the very young." However, they heralded the film as being "for the kids that adults will stay to enjoy themselves. Old Yeller propounds a major tenet of Disney philosophy: a dog should be a dog, and a boy should act like a man."
Harrison's Reports wrote the film "is fine entertainment for all, even though it has a special appeal for the children." John L. Scott of the Los Angeles Times praised the two child actors for "their naturalness and ability", as well as Spike the dog, writing that he "may be well be the next movie star dog." In summary, he wrote that "[t]he production is not a great one; but it will bring families back to the theater."
Old Yeller went on to become an important cultural film for baby boomers, with Old Yeller's death in particular being remembered as one of the most tearful scenes in cinematic history. On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 100% based on 21 reviews, with a weighted average of 8.16/10. The critical consensus reads: "Old Yeller is an exemplary coming of age tale, packing an emotional wallop through smart pacing and a keen understanding of the elemental bonding between humanity and their furry best friends." One critic cited it as "among the best, if not THE best" of the boy-and-his-dog films. Critic Jeff Walls wrote:
Old Yeller, like The Wizard of Oz and Star Wars, has come to be more than just a movie; it has become a part of our culture. If you were to walk around asking random people, you would be hard-pressed to find someone who did not know the story of Old Yeller, some who didn't enjoy it or someone who didn't cry. The movie's ending has become as famous as any other in film history.
- "All-Time Top Grossers". Variety. January 8, 1964. p. 69.
- Smith-Rodgers, Sheryl. "Honoring Old Yeller". American Profile. Archived from the original on February 10, 2009.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (December 11, 2019). "National Film Registry Adds 'Purple Rain', 'Clerks', 'Gaslight' & More; 'Boys Don't Cry' One Of Record 7 Pics From Female Helmers". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
- "Top Grossers of 1958". Variety. January 7, 1959. p. 48. Retrieved January 9, 2021 – via Internet Archive.
- "Top Grossers of 1965". Variety. January 5, 1966. p. 36.
- Crowther, Bosley (December 26, 1957). "Screen: Shameful Incident of War". The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
- "Cinema: The Old Pictures". Time. January 20, 1958. p. 90. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- "'Old Yeller' with Dorothy McGuire, Fess Parker and Tommy Kirk". Harrison's Reports. November 16, 1957. p. 182. Retrieved January 9, 2021 – via Internet Archive.
- Scott, John L. (December 26, 1957). "'Old Yeller' Tale of Dog and Family". Los Angeles Times. Part III, p. 14. Retrieved January 9, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
- "WTC to Celebrate 50th Anniversary of Old Yeller with Program, Exhibit". Angelo State University. August 31, 2006. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
- "Old Yeller (1957)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
- "Old Yeller - Special Edition". DVDTown. December 16, 2008. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008.
- Walls, Jeff (October 12, 2008). "Old Yeller". All Movie Portal. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008.
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