Oldest football clubs
The history of the formation of the oldest football clubs is of interest to sport historians in tracing the origins of the modern codes of football from casual pastime to early organised competition and mainstream sport. The identity of the first or oldest football clubs in the world, or even in a particular country, is often disputed or claimed by several clubs, across several codes of football.
Late[clarification needed] rugby clubs also referred to themselves, or continue to refer to themselves, as simply a "football club", or as a "rugby football club". "Club" has always meant an independent entity and, during the historical period in question, very few high school or university teams were independent of the educational institutions concerned. Consequently, school and university football teams were seldom referred to as "clubs". That has always been the case, for example, in American football, which has always had ties to college sport in general. Conversely, however, the oldest still-existing "football club" with a well-documented, continuous history is Dublin University Football Club, a rugby union club founded in 1854 at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, although there exists some record of Guy's Hospital Football Club being founded in 1843.
While the first clubs emerged in Britain, possibly, as early as the fifteenth century, these are poorly-documented and defunct. For example, the records of the Brewers' Company of London between 1421 and 1423 mention the hiring out of their hall "by the "football players" for "20 pence", under the heading "Trades and Fraternities". The listing of football players as a "fraternity" or a group of players meeting socially under this identity is the earliest allusion to what might be considered a football club. Other early sporting bodies dedicated to playing football include "The Gymnastic Society" of London which met regularly during the second half of the eighteenth century to pursue two sports: football and wrestling The club played its matches – for example between London-based natives of Cumberland and Westmorland – at the Kennington Common from well before 1789 until about 1800.
The Foot-Ball Club (active 1824–41) of Edinburgh, Scotland, is the first documented club dedicated to football, and the first to describe itself as a football club. The only surviving club rules forbade tripping, but allowed pushing and holding and the picking up of the ball. Other documents describe a game involving 39 players and "such kicking of shins and such tumbling".
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
Other early clubs include the Great Leicestershire Cricket and Football Club present in 1840.
On Christmas Day 1841, an early documented match between two self-described "football clubs" took place. The Body-guard Club (of Rochdale) lost to the Fear-nought Club after using an ineligible player as a substitute. The complete rules used in this game are unknown, but they specified twelve players on each side, with each team providing its own umpire, and the game being started by the firing of a pistol.
A club for playing "cricket, quoits and football" was established in Newcastle on Tyne in or before 1848. The Surrey Football Club was established in 1849 and published the first non-school football list of rules (which were probably based upon the eighteenth century Gymnastic Society cited above). Windsor Home Park F.C. was in existence as early as 1854, and would go on to compete in early editions of the FA Cup.
Cambridge University Association Football Club has been described by the university as the oldest club now playing association football. For example, : "Salopians formed a club of their own in the late 1830s/early 1840s but that was presumably absorbed by the Cambridge University Football Club that they were so influential in creating in 1846". According to Charles Astor Bristed, in the early 1840s at Cambridge, there were games played between clubs from colleges and houses. Cambridge rules dates from 1848 and football is documented as being played on the original club ground, Parkers Piece, as early as 1838. The earliest existing evidence of the Cambridge University Football Club comes from "The Laws of the University Football Club" dated 1856, and held at Shrewsbury School.
It has been claimed that the present-day Barnes Rugby Football Club, from Barnes in London, is a continuation of the nineteenth-century Barnes Football Club, and moreover that the latter club was formed in 1839 and is thus the oldest club to have played football for its entire history. However, as of 2018, Barnes RFC's website claims only that the club was established in the 1920s, while alluding to "possibilities" that its history stretches back to 1862. Hence it is argued, and supported by the Guinness Book of Records, that Guy's Hospital Football Club, founded by staff at Guy's Hospital in London in 1843, is the oldest club. While a rugby club still exists at Guy's Hospital, the connection between the present club and the one formed in 1843 is still disputed.
Sheffield F.C. in Sheffield, England, is the world's oldest surviving independent football club – that is, the oldest club not associated with an institution such as a school, hospital or university. It was founded in 1857. Sheffield F.C. initially played Sheffield rules, a code of its own devising, although the club's rules influenced those of the England Football Association (FA (1863) including handball, free kicks, corners and throw ins. While the international governing body of association football, FIFA and the FA recognise Sheffield F.C. as the "world's oldest football club", and the club joined the FA in 1863, it continued to use the Sheffield rules. Sheffield F.C. did not officially adopt association football until 1877.
The only survivor among the FA's founding clubs still playing association football is Civil Service F.C. Six of the 18 founding members later adopted rugby exclusively. Cray Wanderers F.C. of St Mary Cray, London, founded in 1860, is the oldest club now playing association football in Greater London. The code played by Cray wanderers in its earliest years is unknown.
Liverpool Football Club (not to be confused with Liverpool F.C. of the Premier League), later known as Liverpool St Helens F.C. were formed in 1857, which claims to be the oldest open rugby club in the world. The club adopted the Rugby Union rules in 1872, never playing association rules.
Rest of the world
In 1858 in Melbourne, Victoria, members of the Melbourne Cricket Club formed a loosely organised football team, and played against other local football enthusiasts over the winter and spring of that year. The Melbourne Football Club was officially founded the following year on 17 May, and three days later, four members codified the first laws of Australian rules football. The Geelong Football Club was formed shortly afterwards, and over the next decade, many more Australian rules football clubs were formed in Victoria. Melbourne and Geelong were founding members of the Australian Football League (AFL), making them the world's oldest football clubs that are now professional.
Having been established in 1875, Club Mercedes is considered the oldest association football club still in existence in Argentina. This places Mercedes above Gimnasia y Esgrima de La Plata and Quilmes, both founded in 1887.
Buenos Aires Cricket & Rugby Club claims to be the oldest club still in existence in Argentina. According to the club's website, the club was founded before 8 December 1864 as a cricket institution. The date of foundation has been recognized by the Buenos Aires Rugby Union. It is however believed that the club was founded in 1831, with existing documentary evidence about a cricket match played by Buenos Aires that same year. Nevertheless, the practise of any "football" code did not start until 1951 when the BACC merged with the Buenos Aires F.C. and rugby union was added.
Club Atlético del Rosario was officially established in 1867 as a cricket institution. The club soon added association football, being the first club from Rosario playing in the Primera División, the top division of Argentina. In rugby union, Rosario AC played the first inter-clubs match in the country on 28 June 1886, when the team faced Buenos Aires Football Club.
In Uruguay, the Montevideo Cricket Club, established in 1861, has however been ranked as the oldest rugby union club outside Europe by the World Rugby Museum of Twickenham, although the first certain rugby match played by MVCC was in 1875.
São Paulo Athletic Club was founded on 13 May 1888 by English immigrants, and was the first football club in Brazil. Although association football is not practised anymore, SPAC still hosts rugby union.
Santiago Wanderers was founded on 15 August 1892 by Irish community and was the first football club in Chile.
Although football variants have been played in North America since the 1820s, the claim of oldest continuous football club in North America is still a matter of debate.
Oneida Football Club of Boston, Massachusetts, established in 1862, was the first organized team to play any kind of football in the United States. The game played by the club, known as the "Boston game", was an informal local variant that predated the codification of rules for association, rugby or American football. The team, which consisted of graduates of Boston's elite preparatory schools, played on Boston Common from 1862 to 1865, during which time they reportedly never lost a game or even gave up a single point.
In terms of gridiron football the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League can trace their roots back to the Hamilton Football Club (nicknamed the "Tigers") which formed in 1869, then later merged with the Hamilton Wildcats in 1950 to form the current franchise. Their rivals to the north, the Toronto Argonauts, were founded four years later in 1873 and have a mostly unchanged franchise history. Both clubs began as rugby football clubs and only later adapted to the gridiron-style of play which would become known as Canadian football. The oldest continuous rugby club in North America which still plays rugby is the McGill University Rugby Football Club which was established in 1863, although their first recorded game was not until 1865. The oldest independent (non-university) rugby club is the Westmount Rugby Club of Montreal, which formed in 1876.
In 1869, Rutgers University and Princeton University competed in the first intercollegiate football game. According to U.S. Soccer, the rules of this game resembled rugby and association football more closely than gridiron football. These clubs evolved into the Rutgers Scarlet Knights and Princeton Tigers football teams which have existed continuously since then.
In the United States, gridiron-based variants of the game did not distinguish themselves from existing codes until 1871, when Harvard University began playing a variation known as the "Boston Game." This allowed a player to pick up the ball and run with it if he were chased and it quickly spread, with innovations added by Yale University student Walter Camp. The oldest existing non-university semiprofessional football club is the Watertown Red & Black, which was founded in 1896. The Arizona Cardinals, formed in Chicago in 1898, are the oldest team in the National Football League.
The first football club in France was established in Paris in 1863 by English expatriates, as the following excerpt from a contemporary newspaper shows: "A number of English gentlemen living in Paris have lately organised a football club.... The football contests take place in the Bois de Boulogne, by permission of the authorities and surprise the French amazingly."
Le Havre AC was founded as an athletics and rugby club in 1872, making it the oldest surviving football club registered in France and continental Europe. They began playing association football on a regular basis in 1894. Technically AS Strasbourg could be considered the first French association football team, being established in 1890; they were however a German team at the time.
Dresden English Football Club was founded on 18 March 1874 and was the first association football club in Germany, and likely the first outside Great Britain. In 1874, over 70 members participated, primarily Englishmen working in Dresden, watched by hundreds of spectators. Another German club, 1860 Munich did not play football until 1899, although it has its origins in a gymnastics and fitness club formed in 1848 and reestablished in the year indicated by its name.
|Date||Club||Original code||Current codes||City/Suburb||Country||Status||Notes||Source|
|1843||Guy's Hospital||Rugby football||Rugby union||Blackheath||England||BUCS Football League||Oldest documented football club in the world and founding member of United Hospitals RFC Now known as Guy's, Kings and St Thomas' Rugby Football Club.|
|1854||Dublin University||Rugby football||Rugby union||Trinity College||Ireland||AIB League||Oldest documented football club in Ireland and the oldest to later play Rugby union. Now playing in AIL Division 2.|
|1857, 24 October||Sheffield||Sheffield Rules||Association football||Sheffield||England||Northern Premier League Division One South||English FA and FIFA officially recognise this club as the oldest now playing association football.|||
|1857, 10 November||Liverpool St Helens||Rugby football||Rugby union||Liverpool||England||North 1 West||The club's first match took place in 1857 when old boys from Rugby school challenged local boys to a game under their school rules. Liverpool Football Club were then formed. The oldest open rugby club not part of an academic institution in the world.|
|1857, 26 December||Edinburgh Academical||Rugby football||Rugby union||Edinburgh||Scotland||Scottish Premiership||Oldest football club in Scotland. Oldest documented rugby club in the UK.|
|1857||Edinburgh University||Rugby football||Rugby union||Edinburgh||Scotland||BUCS Rugby Union Premier North B||Joined the RFU in 1871 but resigned to become a founder member of the Scottish Football Union in 1873. The Edinburgh University Association Football Club (AFC) was formed in 1878 and was a founder member of the Scottish Football League.|
|1858/59 [a]||Cambridge University||Cambridge rules||Association football||Cambridge||England||BUSA Midlands Division 2A||See above. The 1856/57 foundation date has been claimed by the university, which would make it the 2nd oldest club now playing association football.|
|1858||Blackheath||Rugby football||Rugby union||Blackheath||England||National League 1||Foundation member of the FA.|
|1858||University of St Andrews||Rugby football||Rugby union||St Andrews||Scotland||BUCS Scotland Div. 1||Founder member of the SRU.|
|1859, 14 May||Melbourne||Australian football||Australian football||Melbourne||Australia||Australian Football League||A loosely organized side played as Melbourne on several occasions in 1858. The club was officially formed the following year on 14 May 1859. On 17 May 1859, members of the club codified Australian rules football. It is the world's oldest football club of any code that is now professional.|
|1859, 14 June [a]||Castlemaine||Australian football||Australian football||Castlemaine||Australia||Bendigo Football League||Foundation date recently rediscovered, but dormant for a period.|||
|1859 [a]||Melbourne University||Australian football||Australian football||Melbourne University||Australia||Victorian Amateur Football Association Section A||Records of its formation are lost, however there are references of the club dating back to June 1859 and its first match was also in June 1859. Won Australian rules first ever trophy in 1861 by defeating Melbourne. Disbanded during World War I, but later reformed.|
|1859, 18 July||Geelong||Australian football||Australian football||Geelong||Australia||Australian Football League||The club's own code was played in the Geelong region and influenced the rewriting of the laws of Australian football in 1866.|
|Date||Club||Original code||Current codes||City/Suburb||Country||Status||Notes|
|1860, 20 May||Ballarat||Australian football||Australian football||Ballarat||Australia||Ballarat Football League||Formed as a junior club; senior club established in 1862.|
|1860 [a]||Cray Wanderers||(Unknown)||Association Football||Bromley||England||Isthmian League Premier Division||The early years of Cray Wanderers are poorly documented with its early history based on oral recollections later in the 19th century. Based on the frequently stated year of 1860, it is the oldest club now playing association football in Greater London., preceding Civil Service F.C., the only surviving foundation member of the FA, by three years.|
|1860 [a]||Hallam||Sheffield Rules||Association football||Sheffield||England||Northern Counties East League Premier Division||Took part in first ever football tournament. Original club dissolved in 1886.|
|1860||Manchester||Rugby football||Rugby union||Manchester||England||South Lancs/Cheshire 1||No connection to association football clubs Manchester United F.C. or Manchester City F.C..|
|1861||Sandhurst||Australian football||Australian football||Bendigo||Australia||Bendigo Football League||Founded by J. B. Thompson, one of the inventors of Australian rules football.|
|1861||Richmond||Rugby football||Rugby union||Richmond||England||National League 1||One of the first two clubs (with Barnes) to play a game of Association football, despite not being a member of the FA.|
|1861||Sale Sharks||Rugby football||Rugby union||Manchester||England||Guinness Premiership||Currently in the peak domestic competition for rugby union in England.|
|1861, July 18||Modbury||Australian football||Australian football||Modbury||Australia||South Australian Amateur Football League|
|1862 [a]||Notts County||Own code||Association football||Nottingham||England||Football League Two||NCFC official site history. Oldest of all the association football clubs in the world that are now professional. Club officially founded December 1864, prior to this only existed informally|
|1863||St. George's Hospital Medical School||Rugby football||Rugby union||Hyde Park Corner||England||BUCS league, South Eastern Conference, League 2A||Founding member of United Hospitals RFC, and the only one of the original United Hospitals members that is in the same form as at inception. The team moved to Tooting, South West London, in the 1970s.|
|1863 [a]||Bradford||Rugby football||Association football||Bradford||England||Conference North||Founding member of Northern Union (RFL) in 1895. Changed codes in 1907 and renamed Bradford Park Avenue A.F.C., which folded in 1974 and reformed in 1988.|
|1863 [a]||Darlington RFC||Rugby football||Rugby union||Darlington||England||Durham/Northumberland 2|
|1863 [a]||Stoke City||Charterhouse rules||Association football||Stoke-on-Trent||England||Premier League||While there are claims of a football club in Stoke formed by old boys of Charterhouse School in 1863 and this is the date given by the current club, little evidence exists of this entity, however there are contemporaneous reports in 1868 of the formation of Stoke Ramblers, which changed its name after a few years to Stoke Football Club. This club did not contest the FA Cup until 1883–84. Continuous history from reformation in 1908 following the wind up of the original club. It changed its name to Stoke City in 1928 after Stoke-on-Trent was granted city status.|
|1863||Christchurch||Own code||Rugby union||Christchurch||New Zealand||Division One - Telecom Cup||Oldest club now playing rugby union in New Zealand.|
|1863 [a]||Sydney University||Rugby football,
|Rugby union||University of Sydney||Australia||New South Wales Rugby Union||Foundation date disputed by historican Tom Hickie who argues that it was actually 1865. The oldest Australian rugby union club; according to fullpointsfooty.net, it "flirted with 'Victorian Rules' [Australian rules] in its formative stages." The current Australian rules club at the university, Sydney University Australian National Football Club, claims to be a spin-off of SUFC, although the university did not play an inter-club Australian rules game until 1887.|
|1863||Royal Engineers||(Unknown)||Association football||London||England||British Army competition||Won the FA Cup in 1875.|
|1863 [a]||Civil Service||Association football||Association football||London||England||Southern Amateur League||The only founding member of the FA that still plays association football. The other founding clubs now play rugby or are defunct. Also known as the War Office Club.|
|1864||Wrexham||Association football||Association football||Wrexham||Wales||Conference National||Local reports of a football club of a similar name date back to 1864. The oldest football club in Wales of any code|
|1864||Huddersfield||Rugby football||Rugby league||Huddersfield||England||Super League||The world's oldest rugby league club. It celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2014.|
|1864||Carlton||Australian football||Australian football||Carlton||Australia||Australian Football League||Source: Carlton Football Club. Carlton has participated at the highest level of its code longer than any other club.|
|1864||Williamstown||Australian football||Australian football||Williamstown||Australia||Victorian Football League||The second club from Williamstown which exists to this day.|
|1864||Brigg Town||Association football||Association football||Brigg||England||Northern Premier League Division One South||Traditional date.|
|1864, 8 December||Buenos Aires C&RC||Cricket||Rugby union||San Fernando||Argentina||URBA Primera A||Although BACRC's itself sets the date of foundation "before 8 December 1864"., some historians claim that there is documentary evidence about a cricket match played by the club in 1831.|
|1865||West of Scotland||Rugby football||Rugby union||Glasgow||Scotland||Scottish National League Division Three||One of the founder members of the SRU.|
|1865||Bath||Rugby football||Rugby union||Bath||England||Aviva Premiership||Currently in the peak domestic competition for rugby union in England.|
|1865||Hull||Rugby football||Rugby league||Kingston upon Hull||England||Super League||The world's second-oldest rugby league club.|
|1865||Nottingham Forest||(Unknown) (possibly Bandy)||Association football||Nottingham||England||Football League Championship|
|1866||Harlequins||Rugby football||Rugby union||Twickenham||England||Aviva Premiership||Founded as Hampstead Football Club, the club was renamed Harlequin Football Club in 1870 as the membership had ceased to be mainly Hampstead based. As the club's equipment and stationery was all monogrammed HFC, a dictionary was used to find an acceptable alternative name to Hampstead beginning with an H and all members agreed on Harlequin.|
|1866||Glasgow Academicals||Rugby football||Rugby union||Glasgow||Scotland||Scottish National League Division Two||One of the founder members of the SRU.|
|1866||Kapunda||Australian football||Australian football||Kapunda||Australia||Barossa Light & Gawler Football Association|
|1866||Rochdale Hornets||Rugby football||Rugby league||Rochdale||England||Championship 1|
|1866, 20 October||Swinton and Pendlebury||Rugby football||Rugby league||Swinton||England||RFL Championship||Won three rugby league Challenge Cups and six championships|
|1867, 27 March||Atlético del Rosario||Cricket||Rugby union||Rosario||Argentina||Top 12||The first rugby union match (which was also the first inter-clubs match in Argentina) was played on 28 June 1886, vs Buenos Aires F.C..|
|1867, 9 July||Queen's Park||Own code||Association football||Glasgow||Scotland||Scottish League Two|
|1867, 4 September||Sheffield Wednesday||Sheffield Rules||Association football||Sheffield||England||Football League Championship||The Wednesday Cricket Club formed 1820 in Darnall, Sheffield. Sometimes known as Darnall Wednesday C.C or Sheffield Wednesday C.C. In 1867 a football section was formed known as The Wednesday Football Club. In 1929 the football club officially changed its name to Sheffield Wednesday Football Club.|
|1868||Tiverton||Rugby football||Rugby union||Tiverton||England||Tribute Cornwall/Devon League||Tiverton Rugby Club is known as Devon's oldest club.|
|1868||Fordingbridge Turks||(Unknown)||Association football||Fordingbridge||England||Bournemouth Saturday Football League|
|1868||Perthshire||Rugby football||Rugby union||Perth||Scotland||Scottish National League Division Three|
|1869||Glasgow University||Rugby football||Rugby union||Glasgow||Scotland||Scottish University competitions|
|1869||Queen's University||Rugby Football||Rugby Union||Queen's University Belfast||Northern Ireland||All-Ireland League AIB League, Ulster Senior League||Second oldest club in Northern Ireland.|
|1869, 3 November||Hamilton||Rugby football||Canadian football||Hamilton||Canada||Canadian Football League||The HFBC were nicknamed the "Tigers" in 1873. Merged with the Hamilton Flying Wildcats in 1950 to form the Hamilton Tiger-Cats. Oldest current professional gridiron football team.|
|1869||North Melbourne||Australian football||Australian football||North Melbourne||Australia||Australian Football League||Was briefly known as the 'Hotham Football Club' between 1877 and 1888, due to a change in the town's name.|
|1869||Kilmarnock||Rugby football||Association football||Kilmarnock||Scotland||Scottish Premiership||Scotland's oldest professional club.|
|1869||Clapham Rovers||Association football||Association football||London||England||Sportsman Senior Amateur Division||Won the FA Cup in 1880|
|Date||Club||Original code||Current codes||City/Suburb||Country||Status||Notes|
|1870||Maidenhead United||Association football||Association football||Maidenhead||England||Conference South|
|1870||Southend||Rugby football||Rugby union||Southend||England||National League 2 South|
|1870, 12 May||Port Adelaide||Australian football||Australian football||Port Adelaide||Australia||Australian Football League||Played in the SANFL until 1997 when it entered the AFL. Only pre-existing non-Victorian club to be competing in the league.|
|1870||Stranraer||Association football||Association football||Stranraer||Scotland||Scottish League One|
|1870||Abingdon Town||Association football||Abingdon||England||Hellenic Football League|
|1870||Darwen||Rugby football||Association football||Darwen||England||West Lancashire Football League||The club was wound up in 2009 and later reformed as AFC Darwen.|
|1870||Burton||Rugby football||Rugby union||Burton upon Trent||England||Midlands 1 West||The club has since changed its name to Burton Rugby Football Club|
|1870, 22 November||Marlow||Association football||Association football||Marlow||England||Southern Football League|
|1870||Reigate Priory||Association football||Association football||Reigate||England||Surrey Elite Intermediate Football League||Participated in the first ever FA Cup draw. Believed to be the oldest club in Surrey. Still playing on their original ground.|
|1871||Ararat Football Club||Australian football||Australian football||Ararat||Australia||Wimmera Football League|
|1871||Streatham-Croydon RFC||Rugby Football||Rugby Union||Thornton Heath||England||Surrey 2||Founded as Streatham Rugby Club but later incorporated Croydon following a move from Streatham Common to Thornton Heath.|
|1871||Uxbridge||Association Football||Association Football||Uxbridge||England||Southern Football League Division One Central|
|1871||Birkenhead Park||Rugby Football||Rugby union||Birkenhead||England||National League 3 North|
|1871, 9 November||Oxford University||Association football||Association football||Oxford||England||BUCS Football League|
|1871, 25 December||Reading||Association football||Association football||Reading||England||Football League Championship|
|1872||Lutterworth||Rugby Union||Rugby Union||Lutterworth||England||Midlands 2 East (South)|
|1872||Dumbarton||Association football||Association football||Dumbarton||Scotland||Scottish Championship||Founder member of the Scottish Football League, and joint winners of the first Scottish Football League title in 1890-1.|
|1872||Rangers||Association football||Association football||Glasgow||Scotland||Scottish Premiership||Founder member of the Scottish Football League, and joint winners of the first Scottish Football League title in 1890-1.|
|1872||Clifton||Rugby union||Rugby union||Clifton||England||National League 2 South|
|1872||Havre Athletic Club||Rugby football||Association football||Le Havre||France||Ligue 2||Founded as Rugby and Athletics Club in 1872 by English expats. Oldest football and rugby club in France.|
|1872||Cefn Druids||Association Football||Association Football||Wrexham||Wales||Welsh Premier League||Year of 1872 claimed in clubs official history. Lots of discrepancies in clubs official history when compared to primary historical sources. Druids name does not appear anywhere until 1876. Druids merged with Acrefair United in 1923 to form Druids United. Druids United merged with Cefn Albion in 1992 to form Cefn Druids.|
|1872||Wigan Warriors||Rugby football||Rugby league||Wigan||England||Super League|
|1873||Chippenham Town||Association football||Association football||Chippenham||England||Southern Football League|
|1873||Exmouth||Rugby football||Rugby union||Exmouth||England||National League 2 South|
|1873||Halifax||Rugby football||Rugby League||Halifax||England||Championship||Founding members of the Northern Rugby Union.|
|1873, 2 April||St Kilda||Australian football||Australian football||St Kilda||Australia||Australian Football League|
|1873, 7 June||Essendon||Australian football||Australian football||Essendon||Australia||Australian Football League|
|1873||Toronto Argonauts||Rugby football||Canadian football||Toronto||Canada||Canadian Football League||Founded as a rugby team by the Toronto Argonaut Rowing Club, itself founded the year previous in 1872.|
|1873, 1 October||Kirkcaldy||Rugby football||Rugby union||Kirkcaldy||Scotland||Scottish National League Division Two||Founded in 1873 but played its first recorded match on 3 January 1874.|
|1874, 8 June||Rochester Football Club||Australian football||Australian football||Rochester||Australia||Goulburn Valley Football League|
|1874, 19 June||Sydney Swans||Australian football||Australian football||Sydney||Australia||Australian Football League||Previously located and known as South Melbourne. Relocated to Sydney in 1981.|
|1874||Port Melbourne||Australian football||Australian football||Port Melbourne||Australia||Victorian Football League|
|1874||Invercargill Blues||Rugby Union||Rugby Union||Invercargill||New Zealand||Southland Premier Division||Reputedly the oldest rugby club still in existence in New Zealand.|
|1874||Bolton Wanderers||Association Football||Association Football||Bolton||England||Football League One||The club was founded as Christ Church and was one of the founder members of the Football League in 1888.|
|1874||Greenock Morton||Association Football||Association Football||Greenock||Scotland||Scottish League One|
|1874||Arthurlie||Association Football||Association Football||Barrhead||Scotland||Scottish Junior Football West Premier League|
|1874||Heart of Midlothian||Association football||Association football||Edinburgh||Scotland||Scottish Premiership|
|1874||Hamilton Academical||Association football||Association football||Hamilton||Scotland||Scottish Premiership|
|1874||Aston Villa||Association football||Association football||Perry Barr||England||Football League Championship||Founded in 1874, also founder member of the Football League.|
|1874||Northwich Victoria||Association football||Association football||Northwich||England||Northern Premier League Premier Division||The foundation date of Northwich Victoria was at least as early as 1874. Founding member of the Cheshire FA, the Football League Second Division, The Combination and Cheshire County League. Their home ground Drill Field, at the time of its demolition in 2002, it was believed to be the oldest football ground in the world.|
|1874||Macclesfield Town||Association football||Association football||Macclesfield||England||Football League 2|
|1875 [a]||Lampeter Town||Rugby football||Rugby union||Lampeter||Wales||WRU Division Four West||Officially recognised by the Welsh Rugby Union as the oldest Rugby Club in Wales, when the Reverend Rowland Williams brought the game with him to the College in 1850. The club currently plays within the British Universities and Colleges Sports (BUCS) league system.|
|1875||Birmingham City||Association football||Association football||Small Heath||England||Football League Championship|
|1875||Blackburn Rovers||Association football||Association football||Blackburn||England||Football League Championship||
Founder members of both the Football League and the Premier League.
|1875, 11 September||Bournemouth||Association football||Association football||Bournemouth||England||Wessex League||Known as Bournemouth Poppies to avoid confusion with the League Club AFC Bournemouth Founder Member of the Football Association, the Hampshire F.A. and the Bournemouth F.A. |
|1875||Dewsbury Rams||Rugby Football||Rugby League||Dewsbury||England||Championship (rugby league)||Won 2 Challenge Cups (1911–12, 1942–43) and 1 Championship (1972–73).|
|1875||Hibernian||Association football||Association football||Edinburgh||Scotland||Scottish Premiership||The Edinburgh derby match between Heart of Midlothian and Hibernian is the oldest regularly played derby match in the world.|
|1875||Club Mercedes||Association football||Association football||Mercedes||Argentina||Torneo Federal C||The oldest club currently competing in any Argentine association football league.|
|1875||Redruth||Rugby football||Rugby union||Cornwall||England||National League 2 South|
|1875||Taunton||Rugby union||Rugby union||Taunton||England||National League 2 South|
|1875||Widnes Vikings||Rugby football||Rugby league||Widnes||England||Super League||Formed late 1875 as Farnworth & Appleton FC, becoming Widnes FC in May 1876 playing rugby rules although two games were played under Association rules versus Northwich Victoria in the first two seasons.|
|1875 [a]||Newtown AFC||Association football||Association football||Newtown||Wales||Welsh Premier League||Year of 1875 claimed in clubs official history as this is the foundation date of Newtown White Stars. Newtown AFC formed in 1885 when Newtown White Stars merged with Newtown Excelsior.|
|1875||Montevideo C.C.||Cricket||Rugby union||Montevideo||Uruguay||Campeonato Uruguayo||The first sport practised was cricket, then adding association football and rugby. 1875 indicates the first registered rugby game by MVCC, although the sport had been introduced before.|
|1876||Old Carthusians||Association football||Association football||Surrey||England||Arthurian League|
|1876||Old Foresters||Association football||Association football||London||England||Arthurian League||Forest School, Walthamstow, started playing football c.1857. The Old Foresters played from shortly after this year, the earliest recorded match versus Forest School in September 1864, but the club was not officially formed until 1876.|
|1876||South Adelaide||Australian football||Australian football||Adelaide||Australia||SANFL||South Adelaide is the 2nd oldest football club in South Australia.|
|1876||Bangor City||Association Football||Association Football||Bangor||Wales||League of Wales|
|1876||Chirk AAA||Association Football||Association Football||Wrexham||Wales||Welsh National League (Wrexham Area)||Formed in 1876 as Chirk FC. Welsh Cup winners on 5 occasions.|
|1876||Westmount||Rugby football||Rugby union||Montreal||Canada||2nd Division of Quebec Rugby Federation||Oldest active rugby club (excluding university teams) in North America. Founded as Montreal Football Club.|
|1876||Port Vale||Association Football||Association Football||Burslem||England||Football League One||The club claim to have been founded in 1876, though contemporary research suggests the club was probably founded in 1879.|
|1876||Falkirk||Association football||Association football||Falkirk||Scotland||Scottish Championship|
|1876||Stafford Rangers||Association football||Association football||Stafford||England||EVO-STIK Premier, England|
|1876||Middlesbrough||Association football||Association football||Middlesbrough||England||Football League Championship|
|1876||Partick Thistle||Association football||Association football||Glasgow||Scotland||Scottish Premiership|
|1876||Kjøbenhavns Boldklub||Danish longball||Association football||Copenhagen||Denmark||Danish Superliga||Formed in 1876, but association football was only added in 1878. The club itself claims to be the oldest football club in continental Europe. In 1991, Kjøbenhavns Boldklub and B 1903 merged their professional football teams and formed F.C. Copenhagen.|
|1876||Tynedale||Rugby football||Rugby union||Corbridge||England||National League 1|
|1877||Clyde||Association football||Association football||Glasgow||Scotland||Scottish League Two||Moved to Cumbernauld|
|1877||Crewe Alexandra||Association football||Association football||Crewe||England||Football League One|
|1877||St Mirren||Association football||Association football||Paisley||Scotland||Scottish Championship|
|1877||Wolverhampton Wanderers||Association football||Association football||Wolverhampton||England||Premier League||Formed as St. Lukes, before merging with The Wanderers two years later. Founding member of the Football League.|
|1878||Norwood Football Club||Australian football||Australian football||Adelaide||Australia||SANFL||One of the oldest football clubs in South Australia|
|1878||West Bromwich Albion||Association football||Association football||West Bromwich||England||Football League Championship||Founded as West Bromwich Strollers, before adopting the Albion suffix two years later. Founding member of the Football League.|
|1878||Everton||Association football||Association football||Liverpool||England||Premier League||Also a founding member of the Football League. The club played cricket for two years before adopting association football, so could be said to have been formed in 1876.|
|1878||Manchester United||Association football||Association football||Manchester||England||Premier League||Founded as Newton Heath LYR Football Club in 1878, the club changed its name to Manchester United in 1902 and moved to Old Trafford in 1910.|
|1878||Kirkintilloch Rob Roy||Association football||Association football||Kirkintilloch||Scotland||Scottish Junior Football West Premier League|
|1878||Lugar Boswell Thistle||Association football||Association football||Lugar||Scotland||Scottish Junior Football Ayrshire Division One||Founded as Lugar Boswell and played until 1939 and reformed 1945 as Lugar Boswell Thistle.|
|1879||Fulham||Association football||Association football||London||England||Premier League|
|1879||Brora Rangers||Association football||Association football||Brora||Scotland||Highland Football League|
|1879||Sunderland||Association football||Association football||Sunderland||England||Football League One|
|1879||Koninklijke HFC||Association football||Association football||Haarlem||Netherlands||topdivision sunday||Oldest Dutch club|
|1879||Doncaster Rovers||Association football||Association football||Doncaster||England||Football League One|
|1879||Swindon Town FC||Association football||Association football||Swindon||England||Football League Two||Founded as Swindon AFC in 1879, they became Spartans in 1880 and Swindon Town in 1883.|
|1879, 20 September||Cliftonville F.C.||Association football||Association football||Belfast||Northern Ireland||NIFL|
|1879, 19 April||St. Gallen||Association football||Association football||St. Gallen||Switzerland||Swiss Super League|
|1879||Canterbury||Rugby union||Rugby union||Christchurch||New Zealand||ITM Cup||Oldest provincial rugby team in New Zealand.|
|Date||Club||Original code||Current codes||City/Suburb||Country||Status||Notes|
|1880||East Craigie||Association football||Association football||Dundee||Scotland||Scottish Junior Football East Region North Division||The Scottish Junior Football Association was founded in 1886. East Craigie pre-date this and are one of the oldest Junior (i.e., non-SFA) clubs still in existence.|
|1880||Antwerp||Association football||Association football||Antwerp||Belgium||Belgian First Division||Antwerp was founded in 1880 by English students as Antwerp Athletic Club. A football division named Antwerp Football Club was formed in 1887. It was the first club to register to the Belgian Football Association in 1895 and they later received the matriculate number one.|
|1880||Manchester City||Association football||Association football||Manchester||England||Premier League||Formed in 1880 as St. Marks Gorton. Became Ardwick A.F.C in 1887 and Manchester City in 1894|
|1881||Kiveton Park||Association football||Association football||Sheffield||England||Sheffield & Hallamshire County Senior League|
|1881||Eastbourne Town||Association football||Association football||Eastbourne||England||Southern Combination Premier Division||Formed in 1881 as Devonshire Park, they played at the venue of the same name which is now the home of the Eastbourne International tennis tournament. Moved to their current ground of the Saffrons in 1886. Became Eastbourne F.C. in 1889 and Eastbourne Town F.C. in 1971.|
|1881||Watford Rovers||Association football||Association football||Watford||England||Premier League||One of the oldest clubs to never have won a major trophy.|
|1882||QPR||Association football||Association football||White City||England||Premier League|
|1882||Tottenham Hotspur||Association football||Association football||Tottenham||England||Premier League|
|1882||Burgess Hill Town||Association football||Association football||Burgess Hill||England||Isthmian League Division One|
|1883||Balgownie Rangers||Association football||Association football||Balgownie||Australia||Illawarra District League||Oldest currently active association football club in Australia|
|1883||Bristol Rovers||Association football||Association football||Bristol||England||League One|
|1883||Stockport County||Association football||Association football||Stockport||England||National League North||Formed as Heaton Norris Rovers changing name to Stockport County FC in 1890|
|1883||Darlington||Association football||Association football||Darlington||England||National League North||Known as "Darlington 1883" between 2012-2017 due to "Darlington F.C." being temporarily expelled from the FA|
|1884||Derby County||Association football||Association football||Derby||England||Football League Championship||One of twelve founders of the Football League.|
|1884||Leicester City||Association football||Association football||Leicester||England||Premier League||Known as Leicester Fosse between 1884 and 1919.|
|1885, 20 February||Richmond||Australian football||Australian football||Richmond||Australia||Australian Football League||A number of teams formed in the Richmond area during Australian rules football's rapid expansion of the 1870s, and early 1880s. However, all played at a junior level and it was considered an anomaly that Richmond, one of Melbourne's biggest locales, did not boast a senior team. The wait ended when the Richmond Football Club was officially formed on 20 February 1885.|
|1885, 13 May||Aalborg Boldspilklub||Association football||Association football||Aalborg||Denmark||Superligaen|
|1885||Bury||Association football||Association football||Bury||England||Football League Two||Bury were Second Division Champions in their inaugural season.|
|1885||Southampton||Association football||Association football||Southampton||England||Premier League||Formed as St. Mary's Y.M.A..|
|1886||Linfield||Association football||Association football||Belfast||Northern Ireland||NIFL|
|1886||Motherwell||Association football||Association football||Motherwell||Scotland||Scottish Premiership|
|1886||Arsenal||Association football||Association football||South London||England||Premier League|
|1886||North Shore United||Association football||Association football||Auckland||New Zealand||Lotto Sport Italia NRFL Division 1||Founded as North Shore, NSU are reputedly the oldest extant football club in Oceania.|
|1887||Académica de Coimbra||Association football||Association football||Coimbra||Portugal||Primeira Liga||The oldest football club in Portugal and the Iberic Peninsula.|
|1887||Barnsley||Association football||Association football||Barnsley||England||Football League Championship||Initially formed under the name "Barnsley St. Peters" but dropped "St. Peters" to become simply Barnsley in 1897.|
|1887||Wallsend||Association football||Association football||Wallsend||Australia||Northern NSW State League Division 1|
|1887||USV Hercules||Association football||Association football||Utrecht (stad)||Netherlands||Derde Divisie|
|1887, 3 June||Gimnasia y Esgrima (LP)||Association football||Association football||La Plata||Argentina||Primera División|
|1887, 12 July||Odense boldklub||Association football||Association football||Odense||Denmark||Superligaen|
|1887, 7 November||Celtic||Association football||Association football||Glasgow||Scotland||Scottish Premiership||Founded in 1887 but played its first game against rivals Rangers in May 1888, winning 5-2.|
|1887, 27 November||Quilmes||Association football||Association football||Quilmes||Argentina||Primera B Nacional||The club claims to be established on 5 November 1887, although some local historians stated that the original "Quilmes" club founded that year was later dissolved and the "Quilmes Cricket Club" was in fact a completely new institution, not related with other clubs previously founded in the city of Quilmes.|
|1888, 13 May||Sao Paulo A.C.||Association football||Rugby union||São Paulo||Brazil||Brazilian Rugby Championship||First Brazilian football association and rugby union team.|
|1888||Northern||Association football||Association football||Dunedin||New Zealand||FootballSouth Premier League||Founded under its current name. Briefly renamed as Dunedin North End (1972–74) and North End United (1974–90).|
|1888||Roslyn-Wakari||Association football||Association football||Dunedin||New Zealand||FootballSouth Premier League||Founded as Wakari AFC. Name changed to Roslyn AFC in 1890. Team split into Roslyn AFC and Wakari AFC in 1895 before re-amalgamating under its current name in 1904.|
|1889, 22 March||Sheffield United||Association football||Association football||Sheffield||England||Football League Championship||The oldest football team called United.|
|1889||Mohun Bagan A.C.||Association football||Association football||Kolkata||India||I-League Calcutta Football League (CFL)||It has been dubbed as the National Club of India and has the distinction of being one of the oldest football clubs in Asia, having been established in 1889.|
|1889, 12 July||Adamstown Rosebud||Association football||Association football||Adamstown||Australia||National Premier Leagues|
|1889, 23 December||Recreativo de Huelva||Association football||Association football||Huelva||Spain||Segunda División||The oldest football club in Spain.|
- Disputed, poorly documented or dormant for a period.
- Magoun, Francis Peabody (1929) "Football in Medieval England and Middle-English Literature." The American Historical Review, v.35, no. 1
- M. Marples, 1954, A History of Football, Secker & Warburg, London, p. 36
- Football The First Hundred Years: The Untold Story by Adrian Harvey, Routledge 2005, page 54
- John Hope, Accounts and papers of the football club kept by John Hope, WS, and some Hope Correspondence 1787–1886 (National Archives of Scotland, GD253/183)
- The Foot-Ball Club in Edinburgh, 1824–1841 – The National Archives of Scotland
- Football The First Hundred Years: The Untold Story by Adrian Harvey, Routledge 2005, page 60
- Football The First Hundred Years: The Untold Story by Adrian Harvey, Routledge 2005, page 85
- "Foot-ball". Bell's Life in London: 4. 12 December 1841.
- "Foot-ball". Bell's Life in London: 4. 2 January 1842.
- The Guardian, 10 June 1848.
- Football The First Hundred Years: The Untold Story by Adrian Harvey, Routledge (2005), pages 78-79
- "W. Runicles: Carver, Gilder and Picture Frame Maker [advertisement]". Windsor and Eton Express. 7 October 1854. p. 1.. A newspaper advertisement for W. Runicles, of Eton High Street, boasts of patronage by "H.R.H. The Prince of Wales, the Young Gentlemen of Eton College, and the Members of the Home Park Football Club".
- Windsor Home Park at the Football Club History Database
- "Cambridge University Newsletter July/August 2006" (PDF). University of Cambridge. July 2006. p. 4. Retrieved 11 July 2007.
- "Cambridge... the birthplace of football?!". BBC Cambridgeshire. 13 June 2006. Retrieved 11 July 2007.
- Harvey, Adrian (2005). Football: The first hundred years. Routledge. p. 251.
- Bristed, Charles Astor (1852). Five Years in an English University. p. 365.
- History of the Cambridge University AFC on official website Archived 11 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Inverdale, John (2 November 2005). "My assumptions about 'oldest' were confounded by Barnes". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
- "Barnes RFC History".
- "GKT Gazette – March 2004 – A history of rugby". Guy's, King's & St.Thomas's Hospitals Medical & Dental Schools Gazette.
- "Club history" on Notts County official site
- "Sheffield FC: 150 years of history" at FIFA, 24 October 2007
- London24, 2013, "The FA at 150: A look at the founder clubs". (24 March 2015).
- Tony Collins, 2009, A Social History of English Rugby Union, Routledge, Abingdon, p. 14.
- Joshua Barrie, "London's oldest football club, Cray Wanderers, could soon have a new home", This is Local London . (24 March 2015).
- The five oldest association football clubs in the world are: 1.Sheffield F.C. (1857), members of the Northern Premier League Division One South; 2. Hallam F.C. (1860) also a Sheffield football club, playing two division below the oldest club (Northern Counties East League Division One) 3. Cray Wanderers F.C. (1861) 4. Worksop Town F.C. (1861); 5. Notts County(1862). Notts County – A Pictorial History ISBN 0-9547830-3-4, p.8
- Higgins 2005, p. 130.
- Eli Schmerler and Carlos Manuel Nieto Tarazona (14 March 2013). "Peru - Foundation Dates of Clubs". RSSSF. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- El Federal C, el increíble campeonato de fútbol argentino con ¡266 equipos!, BBC.com, 12 Jan 2016
- Lo mató una patota futbolera Página 12, 24 Jan 2013
- Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata, 100 Años, by Carlos Asnaghi. Publisher: Editorial Ceyne (1988) – ISBN 9789509871045
- "Historia del Club" at BACRC official website
- Buenos Aires CRC on "Guía de Clubes", URBA website
- Historia de Fútbol de AFA: Orígenes 1891/1899, by Carlos Yametti. Published by Edición del Autor (2011) – ISBN 978-987-05-9773-5
- El Origen Británico del Deporte Argentino by Víctor Raffo, Gráfica MPS (2004) - ISBN 978-987-43-8107-1
- "Argentina: Primera División 1894" at Historia y Futbol
- "Cuando el Rosario Athletic salió campeón... de fútbol", CIHF Argentina Archived 18 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Historia del Club", Buenos Aires Cricket & Rugby Club official site
- World Rugby 1820-1870 at RFU.com Archived 4 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- "Decano entre decanos" by Claudio Barragán & Gustavo Castro at El Area website
- A Game for Hooligans: The History of Rugby Union by Richards, Huw (Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84596-255-5
- MVCC Timeline on MVCC website, retrieved 25 Jan 2017
- Historia del MVCC on MVCC website
- Muscle and Manliness: Rise Of Sport In American Boarding Schools by Axel Bundgaard. Published by Sports and Entertainment (2005) at Google Books - ISBN 978-0815630821
- An Historical Sketch of the Oneida Football Club of Boston: 1862-1865 by Winthrop Saltonstall Scudder - The Massachusetts Historical Society (1926) at HathiTrust Digital Library
- "Team history" on McGill RFC website
- History of Westmount RC
- "U.S. Soccer Timeline". www.ussoccer.com. United States Soccer Federation. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- The Scotsman Newspaper, 22 December 1863, page 8
- Hernandez, Anthony (15 May 2009). "Avec Louvel, "Le Havre est devenu un club de Ligue 2" selon les supporters". Le Monde.fr. Groupe Le Monde. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "En kort version af vores klubs historie". kb-boldklub.dk. Kjøbenhavns Boldklub. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- Hammer, Marie-Louise. "Kjøbenhavns Boldklub". Denstoredanske.dk. Gyldendal. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Famous Sons". Sheffield F.C. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
- "Goldfields club endures". The Age. Melbourne. Archived from the original on 9 November 2007.
- Ballarat Football Netball Club – Club History
- Morris, Terry. Vain Games of No Value?: A Social History of Association Football in Britain During Its Long First Century.
- "The History Of Notts County". Notts County F.C.
- "Rugby Union Football – History". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
- "Sydney University".
- Hickie, T. A Sense of Union
- "Huddersfield Rugby League Heritage". National Sports Museum Online. 18 July 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- "History of the Blues". Carlton Football Club. Archived from the original on 1 September 2007.
- Historia del Club on BACRC official website
- El Origen Británico del Deporte Argentino by Víctor Raffo, Gráfica MPS (2004) - ISBN 978-987-43-8107-1
- "Historia del Club", Buenos Aires Cricket & Rugby Club official site
- "Canadian Football Timelines (1860 – Present)". Archived from the original on 28 February 2007.
- "Tiger-Cats History".
- "Grey Cup 06 Newsletter".
- "Here's hoping the Ticats turn it around".
- South Australian Register, 13 May 1870.
- https://www.cefndruidsafc.co.uk/our-history. Missing or empty
- Methven, John. "Club History - Kirkcaldy Rugby Football Club". Kirkcaldy Rugby Football Club. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- "History Timeline, avfc.co.uk".
- "History McGregor, avfc.co.uk". Archived from the original on 31 December 2010.
- "Time called on Drill Field". BBC News. 19 October 2000.
- History of the Football League, 22 September 2010 Archived 1 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- The history of Bournemouth FC, 13 June 2009
- "----THE WELSH CHAMPION FOOTBALL TEAM.|1895-04-27|The Montgomery County Times and Shropshire and Mid-Wales Advertiser - Welsh Newspapers Online - The National Library of Wales". newspapers.library.wales. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
- P.C. Adams: "From Little Acorns", 1976
- "Information - Chirk AAA Football Club". www.pitchero.com. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
- "Football Club History Database - Chirk A A A". www.fchd.info. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
- The Valiants' Years: The Story Of Port Vale, ISBN 0-9508981-4-7, pages 4–13, 1990, The Port Vale Record, ISBN 0-9508981-9-8, page 4, 1993, and What If There Had Been No Port In The Vale?: Startling Port Vale Stories, ISBN 978-0-9529152-8-7, pages 18–33, 2011, all by Kent, Jeff.
- Matthews, Tony (2008). Wolverhampton Wanderers: The Complete Record. Derby: Breedon Books. ISBN 978-1-85983-632-3.
- McOwan pp. 7–10.
- "League to honour Founder Clubs". Football League 125. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Leicester Fosse 1884-1919". Leicester City F.C. Archived from the original on 2 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- Historia on Quilmes A.C. website
- "Las dos fechas de Quilmes" by Oscar Barnade, Clarín, 6 November 2006
- Historia de Quilmes" at QuilmesDecano.com
- Argentina - Foundation Dates of Clubs by Pablo Aro Geraldes on RSSSF.com, 27 Oct 2016
- 1824: The World's First Foot-Ball Club, John Hutchinson and Andy Mitchell. Andy Mitchell Media, 2018. ISBN 978-1-9866-1244-9.