Oleh Lyashko

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Oleh Lyashko
Олег Ляшко
Maidan Kiev 2014.04.13 12-09.JPG
People's Deputy of Ukraine
5th convocation
In office
May 25, 2006 – June 12, 2007
Constituency Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, No.26[1]
6th convocation
In office
November 23, 2007 – December 12, 2012
Constituency Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, No.29[2]
7th convocation
In office
December 12, 2012 – November 27, 2014
Constituency Radical Party, Chernihiv Oblast,
District No.208[3]
8th convocation
Assumed office
November 27, 2014
Constituency Radical Party, No.1[4]
Personal details
Born Oleh Valeriovich Lyashko
(1972-12-03) 3 December 1972 (age 44)
Chernihiv, Chernihiv Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Political party Batkivshchyna (Before 2012)
Radical Party (2012–present)
Alma mater Kharkiv National Pedagogical
University

Oleh Valeriovich Lyashko (Ukrainian: Олег Валерійович Ляшко) is a Ukrainian politician and journalist who is a member of Verkhovna Rada and leader of the Radical Party.[5]

Lyashko was elected as a deputy to the Verkhovna Rada in the 2006 and 2007 parliamentary election for Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko (BYT) and in the 2012 parliamentary election and 2014 parliamentary election for his Radical Party.[5][6][7][8] Prior to this he was a journalist.[5]

In the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election he received 8.32% of the vote.[9]

Early life[edit]

Lyashko was born in Chernihiv on December 3, 1972,[5] but grew up in a village of Lozovivka, Starobilsk Raion where lived his mother.[10] When Lyashko was two years old, his parents separated, and his mother was forced to send him to an orphanage.[10][11] Lyashko studied in three boarding schools: Yablunivskoy, Komarovskaya and Borznyansky. He worked as a shepherd at the Progress collective farm,[10] and after secondary education he went to college for tractor operator studies.[12] In an September 2015 interview Lyashko stated that shepherd was his summer job back in 1987-88 when he 14 year old every summer used to arrive to Luhansk Oblast and earn up to 300 rubles per summer.[10] After that Lyashko would buy in Starobilsk clothing and shoes.[10] When he graduated his boarding school, Lyashko had around 2,000 rubles in savings which all were "burnt" (out of the post-Soviet inflation).[10]

In 1998 he graduated from the Faculty of Law H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University.[5]

From 1990 till 1992 Lyashko was correspondent and head of the newspaper "Young Guard" (based in Kiev).[5] In 1992 he became editor of "Commerce Herald"[10] of the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations of Ukraine.[5]

On June 21, 1993 Lyashko was arrested and indicted for grand funds embezzlement.[5] On 9 December 1994[10] the Criminal College of the Kiev City Court found Lyashko guilty according to acticles 86-1, 191, and 194 part 3 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. The court found Lyashko guilty of embezzlement of 1 300 000 rubles personally, and 1 100 000 roubles collectively with accomplices. Lyashko was sentenced to 6 years' prison term and sequestration of the property. The Supreme Court reduced the time to 4 years imprisonment. Lyashko was released in May 1995 under the amnesty[10] due to the "50th anniversary of the Victory over Nazi Germany". In 1998, the criminal case was erased.[10][11] Lyashko himself claims the case was payback for his critical journalism.[10][12] He claims that his case was falsified by deputy minister of Internal Affairs Veniamin Bartashevych.[10]

Career[edit]

Reporting career[edit]

In the years 1995 and 1996 Lyashko was editor of the newspapers Politika and Pravda Ukraine.[5] In August 1996 he became Chief Editor of the newspaper Politika.[5] In 1999, the publication was closed by decision of the Moscow District Court in Kiev for "divulging state secrets".[5] From 2000 till 2006 Lyashkov was chief editor of Freedom (for "Newspaper "Policy").[5]

Political career[edit]

Lyashko was elected as a deputy to the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) in the 2006 parliamentary election for Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko (BYT) (№ 26 in the list).[5] Chairman of the Subcommittee on the organization of the Supreme Council of the Parliamentary Committee on Rules, Ethics and maintenance of the parliament.[5]

In the 2007 parliamentary election he was re-elected into the Verkhovna Rada for BYT (№ 29 on the list).[5] Deputy Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Budget.[5]

On October 18, 2010, he was expelled from the BYT faction "for cooperating with the majority coalition".[6] BYT had assured that video leaked a week before would not be a reason for an exclusion of Lyashko from the faction.[6]

Kiev, meeting at the Maidan main stage initialized by Right Sector activists[citation needed]

On August 8, 2011, during its third party congress, Lyashko was elected the new party leader of the Ukrainian Radical Democratic Party.[13] The same day the party changed its name to Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko (shortened "Radical Party").[14]

In the 2012 parliamentary election he was re-elected into the Verkhovna Rada after winning single-member constituency number 208 in the Chernigov Oblast (as candidate of the Radical Party) with 55.57% of the votes.[5][15] Deputy Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on Finance and Banking.[5] He did not join any faction in parliament.[5]

Mid-November 2012 Lyashko went on hunger strike in support of jailed (fellow) opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko, who was imprisoned at the time, and against the recognition of the results of the 2012 parliamentary election.[16]

During the 2014 Crimean crisis he introduced a bill which proposed to consider the participants of "separatist rallies for joining Russia" - as well as those who obstruct the movement of soldiers and military equipment - saboteurs and accomplices of the occupiers. At the time of "military aggression" to them should be applied the death penalty. The bill provides the introduction of a visa regime with Russia, denunciation of the agreements with this country, the prohibition of the Communist Party of Ukraine and the Party of Regions, the call for the EU to ban the entry of Crimean residents with Russian passports and other events.[17][18][nb 1]

During the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine and 2 days before the May 25, 2014 presidential election Lyashko claimed responsibility for the storming of a local government building in Torez (by "Soldiers from the Lyashko Battalion 'Ukraine'") that killed a pro-Russian separatist and supporter of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic while critically wounding another.[21] Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have condemned the activities of the Lyashko Battalion 'Ukraine' and Lyashko's actions in Eastern Ukraine. Amnesty International, while noting "abuses perpetrated by both sides of the conflict," pointed to Lyashko as "one particularly errant MP." (published as videos on his website).[11][22][23] According to Lyashko his actions should be seen as citizen's arrests and he accused Amnesty International of being "obviously biased".[24]

Percentage of the vote obtained by Lyashko in the 2014 presidential election by oblast

Lyashko was the candidate of Radical Party in the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election.[25] In the election he received 8.32% of the vote; ranking him in 3rd place.[9]

Lyashko was elected into the Kiev City Council since his party won 3 seats and he headed its party list in the 2014 Kiev local election.[26][27] But he decided not to become a deputy in the Kiev City Council.[28]

In the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election he led his party to win 22 seats.[7][8]

Family and personal life[edit]

Lyashko is married to a woman named Rosita and the couple have a daughter.[29]

Alleged LGBT relations[edit]

Lyashko's private life is surrounded by rumours that he is gay, something Lyashko has always firmly denied.[11][30] Early October 2010 a 17-year-old video was leaked to the Internet in which a young man who looks like Lyashko talked about sexual relations with another man, a certain high-ranking official.[6][10][30] Lyashko had been rumored to be gay for a long time before the video appeared.[30] The day after the video was leaked he issued a statement accusing political opponents of doctoring the video using “modern technologies”.[30] And he stated “Personally, I have a traditional sexual orientation".[30] In an October 2012 interview Lyashko was told by a spoof interviewer that the reporter's friend believed Lyashko represented sexual minorities in parliament. Lyashko was handed a mobile phone, spoke to the supposed friend and then promised to beat his face in while being filmed on camera.[31] Lyashko had stressed in May 2011 he had nothing against sexual minorities.[32] In an September 2015 interview he stated that being LGBT "is the choice of each individual. I can not condemn".[10][12]

In 2014, the Kremlin marked him as an enemy of the state due to his pro-NATO views.[33]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The status of Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities.[19][20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the V convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VI convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s (in Russian) Ляшко Олег Валерьевич, Информационно-аналитический центр "ЛІГА"
  6. ^ a b c d "Yulia Tymoshenko bloc expels two deputies from parliament faction". Kyiv Post. October 19, 2010. Archived from the original on May 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament". Ukrainian Television and Radio. November 8, 2014. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
    "People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC". Interfax-Ukraine. November 8, 2014. Archived from the original on November 12, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
    "Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC". Interfax-Ukraine. November 8, 2014. Archived from the original on November 13, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "CEC registers lists of another 16 parties, a total of 29 parties to take part in election". Interfax Ukraine. September 27, 2014. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Poroshenko wins presidential election with 54.7% of vote - CEC". Radio Ukraine International. May 29, 2014. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
    "Results election of Ukrainian president" (in Ukrainian). Телеграф. May 29, 2014. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Marchenko, Yu. Out of all pitchforks: from where came and what reached Oleh Lyashko. Ukrayinska Pravda. 18 September 2015
  11. ^ a b c d Christopher J. Miller; Katya Gorchinskaya (August 6, 2014). "'Vigilante' Ukrainian lawmaker Lyashko gets slammed by Amnesty International report". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on August 30, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c (in Russian) Of all the twisted, and where did what came Oleh Lyashko, Ukrayinska Pravda (September 18, 2015)
  13. ^ Радикальна партія Олега Ляшка [Oleh Lyashko's Radical Party] (in Ukrainian). RBC Ukraine. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. 
  14. ^ Олег Ляшко офіційно перейменував свою партію [Oleh Lyashko officially renamed his Party] (in Ukrainian). 24 News. December 14, 2011. Archived from the original on May 25, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Constituency № 208" (in Ukrainian). RBC Ukraine. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Liashko goes on hunger strike in solidarity with Tymoshenko". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. November 13, 2012. Archived from the original on June 12, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  17. ^ Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України Retrieved April 16, 2014
  18. ^ В Верховной раде предлагают казнить участников пророссийских митингов [Verkhovna Rada suggests to execute the participants of the pro-Russian rallies] (in Russian). Мир 24. March 17, 2014. Archived from the original on September 24, 2014. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  19. ^ Steve Gutterman; Pavel Polityuk (March 18, 2014). "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters. Archived from the original on July 9, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Ukraine crisis timeline". BBC News. November 13, 2014. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  21. ^ Christopher J. Miller; Isaac Webb (May 23, 2014). "Militia backed by presidential candidate Lyashko takes credit for assassination of Russian-backed separatist (VIDEO)". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on May 24, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Poroshenko Declares Victory in Ukraine Presidential Election". The Wall Street Journal. May 25, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Impunity reigns for abductions and ill-treatment by pro-Kyiv in eastern Ukraine". Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Open response Ukrainian representation Amnesty International". Oleh Lyashko's official website (in Ukrainian). August 27, 2014. Archived from the original on November 26, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Twenty-three candidates to run for Ukraine's presidency". Interfax-Ukraine. April 3, 2014. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. 
  26. ^ До Київради проходять 9 партій - офіційні результати [In Kyivrada are 9 parties - official results]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). June 3, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
    60% нової Київради - представники "УДАРу" [60% of the new Kyivrada is filled by UDAR]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  27. ^ "УДАР" бере 75% у Київраді по мажоритарці [UDAR has 75% of the constituencies in Kyivrada14]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  28. ^ Оробець та Ляшко не захотіли спускатися до рівня Київради [Orobets & Lyashko did not want to go down to the level of Kyiv City Council]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  29. ^ У День закоханих Ляшко подарує дружині шопінг, а Гриценко – квіти [On Valentine's Day Lyashko gives his wife shopping, and Gritsenko - flowers] (in Ukrainian). Tablo ID. February 14, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  30. ^ a b c d e Svitlana Tuchynska (October 14, 2010). "Fearing scandal for being different, politicians keep themselves, nation in closet". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on May 25, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  31. ^ Mark Rachkevych (November 20, 2012). "Fake diaspora reporter trolls unsuspecting parliament members". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
    "Fake diaspora reporter trolls unsuspecting parliament members". Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  32. ^ "A. Lyashko: each of us a role to play". Ukrainian National News. May 19, 2011. Archived from the original on November 26, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  33. ^ У Кремлі Ляшка тепер вважають за головного ворога - політолог [The Kremlin consider Lyashko their main enemy - analyst]. November 25, 2014. Archived from the original on November 25, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2014. 

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