|3rd Mayor of Kiev|
June 6, 1999 – March 26, 2006
|Preceded by||Leonid Kosakivskyi|
|Succeeded by||Leonid Chernovetskyi|
August 9, 1938 |
Zoziv, Lypovetskyi Raion, Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc|
|Oleksandr Omelchenko Bloc|
|Children||Yan (1966), Oleksandr (1968)|
Oleksandr Oleksandrovych Omelchenko (Ukrainian: Олександр Олександрович Омельченко Oleksandr Oleksandrovyč Omel'čenko) became the mayor of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, in 1999. He lost his re-election bid in March 2006. Omelchenko is also a former member of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament).
Omelchenko is the President of both the Association of the Cities of Ukraine and the Ukrainian Hockey Federation.
During the 1999 Kiev mayoral election, Omelchenko defeated a noted oligarch Hryhoriy Surkis, with 76 percent of the vote to Surkis's 16 percent. Omelchenko became the first elected mayor in Ukraine's modern history, with a platform highlighting his work in restoring much of Kiev's historic buildings and renovating parts of downtown Kiev.
Omelchenko was a candidate in the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election, nominated by the Unity Party, which he formerly chaired. Omelchenko was the only candidate for President whose son was a deputy in the Ukrainian parliament. His program included the urgent withdrawal of Ukrainian forces from Iraq. After the Orange Revolution, Omelchenko joined the People's Union "Our Ukraine" party but did not disband his old party.
While he was running for a third term as Mayor of Kiev in what was expected to be an easy victory in the March 2006 election, he was badly defeated and with 21% of the votes came third behind Leonid Chernovetsky (mayor-elect) and Vitali Klitschko.
During the 2007 parliamentary elections Omelchenko was elected as an Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc deputy to the Verkhovna Rada. He was expelled from that fraction in September 2011 because of supporting the Azarov Government. However he voluntary left the faction the next month. Omelchenko son Oleksandr was also a member of the Verkhovna Rada on an Our Ukraine ticket from 2002 till 2007.
During the 2008 Kiev local election Omelchenko was again a candidate for the post of Mayor of Kiev but he only gained 2,53% of the votes this time; placing 6th after mayor-elect Chernovetsky. His Oleksandr Omelchenko Bloc won only 2,26% and no seats in the Kiev City Council.
In the 2012 parliamentary elections Omelchenko at first intended to attempt to be re-elected into parliament in single-member districts number 220 situated in Kiev; but he withdrew from the elections.
During the 2014 Kiev local election Omelchenko was again a candidate for the post of Mayor of Kiev again as a candidate of the Unity Party. He finished 4th in this election with 6.1% of the votes (winner Vitali Klitschko received 56.7%). Unity won 3.3% of the votes and 2 seats in the Kiev City Council; including a seat for Omelchenko.
Honours and awards
- Hero of Ukraine (21 August 2001) for outstanding personal contribution to the Ukrainian state in the socio-economic and cultural development of the capital of Ukraine
- Order of the Badge of Honour (1982)
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1986)
- Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 3rd (2006), 4th (1999) and 5th (1998) classes
- Honour of the President of Ukraine (1996).
- Honoured Builder of Ukraine.
- Diploma of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2003).
- State Prize of Ukraine in the field of architecture (2004).
- Grand Officer of the Order of Prince Henry (Portugal, 16 April 1998)
- Honorary doctorate of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (2001)
- Official Verkhovna Rada website profile, Verkhovna Rada
- (Russian) Александр Омельченко, ЛІГА.net
- Omelchenko overwhelmingly elected as mayor of Kyiv, The Ukrainian Weekly (6 June 1999)
- Kyiv gets first new mayor in decade, Kyiv Post (29 March 2006)
- Events by themes: The Ukrainian parliament session 17.02.2009, UNIAN-photo service (February 17, 2009)
- People's Self-Defense faction: Twelve parliamentarians expelled from Our Ukraine, Kyiv Post (September 7, 2011)
- Omelchenko quits Yushchenko's party in parliament, Kyiv Post (October 4, 2011)
- (Ukrainian) By TEC received the results of voting in the elections of Kyiv mayor 1026 (100%) stations, Televiziyna Sluzhba Novyn (May 29, 2008)
- KYIV ELECTION COMMISSION PUBLISHES FINAL RESULTS OF ELECTRONIC CALCULATION OF VOTES ON ELECTIONS TO KYIV CITY COUNCIL, Interfax-Ukraine (May 28, 2008)
- Block Omelchenkowhich will storm Kyiv (in Ukrainian), Ukrayinska Pravda, April 9, 2008
- You Scratch My Back, and I’ll Scratch Yours, The Ukrainian Week (26 September 2012)
- (Russian) Short bio, LIGA
- (Ukrainian) According to the Kyiv mayor office 19 candidates compete, Ukrayinska Pravda (5 April 2014)
- Омельченко выдвинули кандидатом в мэры Киева
- Klitschko officially announced as winner of Kyiv mayor election, Interfax-Ukraine (4 June 2014)
- Nine parties including Democratic Alliance win seats in Kyiv Council, Interfax-Ukraine (2 June 2014)
(Ukrainian) In Kyivrada are 9 parties - official results, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 June 2014)
(Ukrainian) 60% of the new Kyivrada is filled by UDAR, Ukrayinska Pravda (4 June 2014)
- (Ukrainian) Oleksandr Omelchenko biography at the Kiev City Council official website
- (Ukrainian) Alphabetical Index of candidates in 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, Central Election Commission of Ukraine.
(as Speaker of Kiev City Council - Head of the Kiev City State Administration)
|Mayor of Kiev
1999 - 2006
|Head of the Kiev City State Administration
1996 - 2006