Oleksandriia

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Olexandria

Олександрія

Александрия
Олександрія площа Леніна.jpg
Flag of Olexandria
Flag
Coat of arms of Olexandria
Coat of arms
Olexandria is located in Ukraine Kirovohrad Oblast
Olexandria
Olexandria
Olexandria is located in Ukraine
Olexandria
Olexandria
Coordinates: 48°40′N 33°07′E / 48.667°N 33.117°E / 48.667; 33.117Coordinates: 48°40′N 33°07′E / 48.667°N 33.117°E / 48.667; 33.117
Country Ukraine
Oblast Kirovohrad Oblast
RaionOleksandriia City Municipality
Government
 • MayorTsapyuk Stepan Kyrylovych
Area
 • Total55 km2 (21 sq mi)
Elevation
107 m (351 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total82,410
Zip code
28000-28019
Old building in Oleksandriia
Fire depot tower
Oleksandriia theatre
Nika Stadium

Oleksandriya (Ukrainian: Олександрі́я), is a city located in Kirovohrad Oblast (region) in central Ukraine. Administratively, Oleksandriia is incorporated as a city of regional significance. It also serves as the administrative center of Oleksandriia Raion (district), though administratively it does not belong to the raion.

In 2001 it had a population of 93,357, and including the villages (selo) and townlets in the city municipality a population of 103,856. Current population: 82,410 (2015 est.)[1].

History[edit]

The city is first mentioned in 1746, as the settlement Usivka (Ukrainian: Усівка, Russian: Усовка). The official record of the settlement is dated 1754 when the Saint Elizabeth fortress was built in the region (today Kropyvnytskyi). During the establishment of the Russian colony of New Serbia in 1752-64, the 3rd Company of New Serbia was quartered in Usivka Pandurs. In place of Usivka the (sconce) Bechey (after the Serbian city of Bečej) encampment was established.

In 1784, the Russian government has given the settlement a Hellenic name of Aleksandriysk and later Aleksandriya (locally as Oleksandriya). In 1806-1922, Oleksandriya was a county (uyezd) seat.

(During World War II) on 6 August 1941 the Red Army of the Soviet Union left the city to the Nazi Germany Wehrmacht without fight. During the Nazi occupation, the city lost almost all its entire Jewish population (est. ~2,500).[2] The Nazi administration also executed over 5,500 Soviet prisoners of war as part of the Nazi stance on the issue of the Soviet's not signing the 1929 Geneva Convention. The city was recovered by the Soviet armed forces on 6 December 1943.

Climate[edit]

Climate of Oleksandriia is classified as humid continental (Köppen classification: Dfb). Winter is cold and mild. Summer is hot. Coldest month is January (average temperature -5°C), hottest month is July (average temperature 21.5°C). With no dry season, winters are snowy and summers are rainy. The wettest month is June (66 mm), the driest is March (30 mm). Average annual precipitation is 526 mm.

Climate data for Oleksandriia, Ukraine (1949-2011)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−1
(30)
3.8
(38.8)
13.7
(56.7)
21.1
(70.0)
25.2
(77.4)
27.1
(80.8)
26.4
(79.5)
20.7
(69.3)
13.4
(56.1)
5.3
(41.5)
0.9
(33.6)
12.9
(55.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5
(23)
−4.2
(24.4)
0.2
(32.4)
8.8
(47.8)
15.6
(60.1)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
20.5
(68.9)
15
(59)
8.7
(47.7)
2.3
(36.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
8.4
(47.1)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
−3.3
(26.1)
4
(39)
10.2
(50.4)
14.2
(57.6)
15.9
(60.6)
14.7
(58.5)
9.4
(48.9)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
4.1
(39.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39
(1.5)
34
(1.3)
30
(1.2)
39
(1.5)
45
(1.8)
66
(2.6)
66
(2.6)
48
(1.9)
39
(1.5)
33
(1.3)
40
(1.6)
47
(1.9)
526
(20.7)
Source: Climate-data.org[3]

Places of interest[edit]

A popular place to visit in the town is Oleksandriia's square, known as Soborna Square ("Соборна площа").

Twin towns[edit]

Oleksandriia is twinned with:

People from Oleksandriia[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  2. ^ About Oleksandriia at "The Untold Stories: The Murder Sites of the Jews in the Occupied Territories of the Former USSR", Yad Vashem website
  3. ^ "Climatological Normals for Oleksandriia, Ukraine (1949-2011)". Climate-data. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
  4. ^ Crossing the English Channel