Oleksiy Honcharuk

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Oleksiy Honcharuk
Зустріч Зеленського з МВФ, 2019, 4 (cropped).jpg
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Assumed office
29 August 2019
PresidentVolodymyr Zelensky
Preceded byVolodymyr Groysman
Personal details
Born
Oleksiy Valeriyovych Honcharuk

(1984-07-07) 7 July 1984 (age 35)
Horodnia, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Political partyIndependent
Other political
affiliations
Servant of the People
Alma materNational Academy for Public Administration, Kyiv Mohyla Business School, Aspen Institute

Oleksiy Valeriyovych Honcharuk (Ukrainian: Олексі́й Вале́рійович Гончару́к, pronounced [olekˈs⁽ʲ⁾ij wɐˈlɛr⁽ʲ⁾ijowɪtʃ ɦontʃɐˈruk]; born 7 July 1984) is a Ukrainian politician. He has been the Prime Minister of Ukraine since 29 August 2019.[1]

Before this appointment Honcharuk was a lawyer and since 28 May 2019 Deputy Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Zelensky.[2][3]

Biography[edit]

Early life and career[edit]

Honcharuk was born in 1984 in Horodnia, Chernihiv Oblast, Ukrainian SSR,[4] a small town near tripoint of Ukraine, Russia and Belarus. Honcharuk's father Valeriy was a member of the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united).[4] In the 2002 Ukrainian parliamentary election Honcharuk's father tried to win a parliamentary seat for this party, but he never received a mandate.[4] The following year he was killed in an accident.[4]

Since 2005 Honcharuk worked as a lawyer and heads of law departments of various companies.[4] Honcharuk last position as a lawyer (before joining the presidential administration) was being a lead partner at a company that specializes in real estate development.[1]

In the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election Honcharuk unsuccessfully tried to get a parliamentary seat for the Force of People [uk] party.[5] After the election he became an adviser to ecology minister Ihor Shevchenko and First Vice Premier Stepan Kubiv.[5] In 2015 Minister for Economic Development and Trade Aivaras Abromavičius, with the financial support of Canada and the European Union, created the BRDO office that deals with the simplification of the system of state regulation in the relations between the state and business.[4] The competition for the BRDO leader was won by Honcharuk.[4] In April 2016, Honcharuk met Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Development, Stepan Kubiv, who invited the BRDO leader to become his advisor pro bono.[4]

At the end of 2018 Honcharuk co-created the right-liberal NGO "People are Important [uk]", which was supposed to grow into a political party.[4] The party was not deemed ready enough to take part in the snap July 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election.[4]

Prime Minister of Ukraine[edit]

On 28 May 2019 Honcharuk was appointed Deputy Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky.[6][7] In this position he was responsible for the block of economic development and continuation of reforms.[8][9]

According to Ukrayinska Pravda, in the spring of 2019, Monobank co-founder Dmytro Dubilet introduced Honcharuk to Andriy Bohdan "who brought him to Bankova" ("Bankova" is the nickname for Ukraine's presidential administration).[10] First aide to President Zelensky Serhii Shefir [uk] confirmed that Bohdan was responsible for the appointment of Honcharuk in the presidential administration.[11] But Dubilet and the Zelensky's campaign staff denied this and claim they met Honcharuk in 2018 in his capacity as BRDO chairman.[4]

On August 27, international media reported that Zelensky would propose that Parliament appoint Honcharuk to the post of Prime Minister of Ukraine.[12] On 29 August he was officially nominated for the post of Prime Minister and the same day the parliament easily approved Honcharuk with 290 deputies voting in favor of his appointment.[1]

Honcharuk is the youngest Prime Minister of Ukraine since he was 35 at the time of his appointment. Before him, the youngest one was Volodymyr Groysman who took the post at 38 and was succeeded by Honcharuk.[4]

On 17 January 2020, Honcharuk submitted a letter of resignation to the President of Ukraine after recordings emerged on the internet in which a man with a voice similar to Honcharuk's criticises Zelensky's knowledge of economics, as well as his own knowledge of the subject and competence.[13][14] Zelenskiy, however, refused to accept the resignation, saying "Now is not the time to undermine the state, economically or politically”.[15][16] According to the Ukrainian Constitution Zelensky could not have dismissed Honcharuk since only the Ukrainian Parliament is entitled to discharge the Prime Minister.[15][17][18] According to Chairman of Parliament Dmytro Razumkov Honcharuk did not request Parliament to dismiss him.[19]

Income[edit]

For 2018, he declared a salary of UAH 1,815,000 and a 2007 Jaguar X-Type car.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ukrainian Lawmakers Approve Political Novice Honcharuk As Prime Minister, Radio Free Europe (29 August 2019)
  2. ^ Про призначення О.Гончарука Заступником Глави Адміністрації Президента України
  3. ^ Про призначення О.Гончарука Заступником Керівника Офісу Президента України
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l (in Ukrainian) Prime Minister, people about Honcharuk, Ukrayinska Pravda (August 29, 2019)
  5. ^ a b Zelensky to offer parliament to appoint Honcharuk as new prime minister
  6. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №328/2019". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2020-01-17.
  7. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №440/2019". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2020-01-17.
  8. ^ Новопризначений заступник глави АП Гончарук відповідатиме за економічний розвиток і реформи
  9. ^ Грантовые люди, фанаты Порошенко и Аваков. Кто есть кто в правительстве Гончарука
  10. ^ Кандидатури на прем'єр-міністра в новому уряді
  11. ^ "Шефір каже, що Богдан не "протягував" своїх людей у СБУ". www.ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2020-01-17.
  12. ^ In Ukraine, Top Zelenskiy Aide Is Favorite To Become Next Prime Minister
  13. ^ "Ukrainian PM Resigns". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2020-01-17.
  14. ^ meduza.io https://meduza.io/news/2020/01/17/premier-ministr-ukrainy-aleksey-goncharuk-podal-v-otstavku. Retrieved 2020-01-17. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ a b Ukraine President Zelenskyy rejects PM's resignation, Al Jazeera English (17 January 2020)
  16. ^ Зустріч Президента України Володимира Зеленського з Прем’єр-міністром Олексієм Гончаруком., retrieved 2020-01-17
  17. ^ (in Ukrainian) "Keep me seven." What will end Goncharuk's "resignation", Glavcom (17 January 2020)
  18. ^ (in Ukrainian) Honcharuk: The government continues to work until Zelensky makes a decision, Ukrayinska Pravda (17 January 2020)
  19. ^ (in Ukrainian) Razumkov on Goncharuk's resignation: it's a political gesture, Glavcom (17 January 2020)

External links[edit]