Olena Petrova (formerly Elena Petrova) (born September 24, 1972 in Moscow) is a former Ukrainianbiathlete. Petrova had switched to competing for Ukraine when she was unable to land a spot on the Russian team. She is a Merited Master of Sports of Ukraine and a former member of Dynamo (Ukraine).
She débuted on the World Cup circuit in 1992. Petrova ended her career in January 2008; to become a youth coach in Ukraine.