Olenya (air base)
|IATA: none – ICAO: XLMO|
|Airport type||Military Northern Fleet|
|Location||Olenegorsk, Murmansk Oblast|
|Elevation AMSL||702 ft / 214 m|
Olenya (also Olenegorsk) is a major Russian Navy reconnaissance base, located on the Kola Peninsula 92 km south of Murmansk. The base and its staff settlement (known as Vysokiy; Russian: Высокий) across the Lake Permusozero from the city of Olenegorsk, and are served by the Olenegorsk rail station (formerly, Olenya station).
Olenya serves as the headquarters for 5 MRAD (Naval Reconnaissance Air Division) and is host to two reconnaissance regiments. Its 3500-meter runway is the longest on the Kola Peninsula, making it a key facility for intercontinental flights across the North Atlantic basin. Since the Cold War era it has served as a forward deployment field for the Russian Air Force and would have been a staging facility for nuclear strikes on the United States. During the 1960s Olenya was used as a refueling stop on the Moscow to Havana Tupolev Tu-114 route. As of 2006, Google Earth imagery showed nearly 40 Tupolev Tu-22M bombers on the airfield.
Units stationed at the airfield since the 1990s include:
- 924 MRAP (924th Naval Reconnaissance Air Regiment), operating Tupolev Tu-22M aircraft
- 967 ODRAP (967th Long Range Air Reconnaissance Regiment), operating Tupolev Tu-22M aircraft
- 88 OMAPIB (88th Separate Fighter Bomber Regiment), operating MiG-27 aircraft
- OGA (Arctic Control Group), maintaining standby facilities for Tupolev Tu-95 bomber aircraft
- 458th IAP, MIG-31BM
- "Aviatsiya VMF". Aviabaza KPOI.