Oleo Strut (coffeehouse)

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The Oleo Strut was a GI Coffeehouse located in Killeen, Texas, from 1968 to 1972.[1] Like its namesake, a shock absorber in the landing gear of most large aircraft and many smaller ones, the Oleo Strut’s purpose was to help GIs land softly.[2] Upon returning from Vietnam to Fort Hood, shell-shocked soldiers found solace amongst the Strut’s regulars, mostly fellow soldiers and a few civilian sympathizers. The GIs turned the Oleo Strut into one of Texas’s anti-war headquarters, publishing an underground anti-war newspaper, organizing boycotts, setting up a legal office, and leading peace marches.[3]

The coffeehouse was an organizing center for the support of the Fort Hood 43, a group of Black soldiers who had been disciplined for refusing to perform riot control duty at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.[4][5][6]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Estados Unidos. Congress. House. Committee on Internal Security (1972). Hearings Before the Committee on Internal Security, Ninety-second Congress, Second Session. 1972. U.S. Government Printing Office.
  2. ^ https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2016/07/25/485227943/if-war-is-hell-then-coffee-has-offered-u-s-soldiers-some-salvation
  3. ^ H. Bruce Franklin (September 2001). Vietnam and Other American Fantasies. Univ of Massachusetts Press. pp. 107–. ISBN 1-55849-332-8.
  4. ^ David L. Parsons (13 March 2017). Dangerous Grounds: Antiwar Coffeehouses and Military Dissent in the Vietnam Era. University of North Carolina Press. pp. 45–. ISBN 978-1-4696-3202-5.
  5. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/09/opinion/coffee-cafes-vietnam-war.html
  6. ^ Jonathan Neale (2001). The American War: Vietnam 1960-1975. Bookmarks. ISBN 978-1-898876-67-0.

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