|• Head of City Council||Dmytro Mykolayovych Voronov|
|• Total||15.7 km2 (6.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,598/km2 (4,140/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+380 5542|
Oleshky (Ukrainian: Олешки; formerly Tsiurupynsk) is a city in Kherson Oblast (province) of Ukraine, located on the left bank of the Dnieper River. It is the oldest city of the oblast and one of the oldest in the southern Ukraine. Oleshky serves as the administrative center of Oleshky Raion. Population: 24,978 (2015 est.)
The city of Oleshye (Oleshia) has been known since the 11th century, when it was a part of Kievan Rus', but the area itself has been known since antiquity. Herodotus mentioned Scythian forests in the mouth of the Dnieper in the 5th century BCE, which were called "Oleshye" (from the Slavic word for forest) by the Slavs. The city, which appeared later, took its name from the area, and the later form of the name (Alyoshki/Oleshky) is also related.
In 1711-1728, Oleshky was the capital of the Zaporizhian Host under the protection of the Crimean Khanate. In 1784, the settlement of Oleshky was established; by 1790, it became a part of the Kinburn palanka of the Black-Sea Cossacks. In 1802, the settlement was granted town status and became the seat of an uyezd in Taurida Governorate. In 1928, the town was given name, after Alexander Tsiurupa, the former Soviet Trade Minister and the chief of Gosplan who was born in the city.
On 21 November 2007, the city council adopted resolution No.296 to restore the name Oleshky. The city council deputies and district councils, as well as the local Cossacks, wrote a letter to then president Victor Yushchenko requesting that the petition be carried out.
It would be only on 19 May 2016 when the Verkhovna Rada adopted decision to rename Tsiurupynsk as Oleshky and conform to the law prohibiting names of Communist origin after a 9-year campaign by the city council and residents.
M14 highway passing through Oleshky
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- Pospelov, pp. 26–27
- Цюрупинськ хочуть перейменувати. Депутати звернулися до Ющенка [They want to rename Tsiurupynsk. City council deputies have applied to Yushchenko]. Unian. November 25, 2007. Retrieved August 7, 2015.
- Рада перейменувала Дніпродзержинськ на Кам'янське [Rada renamed Dniprodzerzhynsk to Kamianske] (in Ukrainian). Українські Національні Новини. May 19, 2016. Archived from the original on May 19, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2016.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- Е. М. Поспелов (Ye. M. Pospelov). "Имена городов: вчера и сегодня (1917–1992). Топонимический словарь." (City Names: Yesterday and Today (1917–1992). Toponymic Dictionary.) Москва, "Русские словари", 1993.