Oleylamine

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Oleylamine[1]
Oleylamine.png
Names
IUPAC name
(Z)-Octadec-9-enylamine
Other names
9-Octadecenylamine
1-Amino-9-octadecene, (9Z)-Octadecene
Identifiers
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.650
UNII
Properties
C18H37N
Molar mass 267.493 g/mol
Appearance colorless oil, yellowish when impure
Density 0.813 g/cm3
Melting point 21 °C (70 °F; 294 K)
Boiling point 364 °C (687 °F; 637 K)
Insoluble
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 3: Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury. E.g., chlorine gas Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 154 °C (309 °F; 427 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Oleylamine is the organic compound with the formula C18H35NH2. It is an unsaturated fatty amine related to the fatty acid oleic acid. Although the pure compound is a colorless oil, typical commercial samples are yellowish and contain a few percent other fatty amines.[2]

Uses[edit]

Commercially, it is mainly used as a surfactant or precursor to surfactants.[3]

It has also been used in the laboratory in the synthesis of nanoparticles. It can function both as a solvent for the reaction mixture and as a coordinating agent to stabilize the surface of the particles.

Safety[edit]

Oleylamine has an LD50 (Intraperitoneal) of 888 mg/kg in mice, however note that it is listed as a level 3 health hazard on the NFPA diamond, so it should be handled with caution.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oleylamine at chemicaldictionary.org
  2. ^ Technical grade Oleylamine on Sigma-Aldrich
  3. ^ Karsten Eller, Erhard Henkes, Roland Rossbacher, Hartmut Höke "Amines, Aliphatic" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2005. doi:10.1002/14356007.a02_001