Olga Ladyzhenskaya

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Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya
Ladyshenskaya.jpg
Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya
Born(1922-03-07)March 7, 1922
DiedJanuary 12, 2004(2004-01-12) (aged 81)
NationalitySovietRussian
Alma materMoscow University
Known forFluid dynamics of the Navier-Stokes equations, Hilbert's nineteenth problem, partial differential equations
AwardsLomonosov Gold Medal (2002)
Scientific career
FieldsPartial differential equations
InstitutionsSaint Petersburg University
Doctoral advisorIvan Petrovsky
Sergei Sobolev
Notable studentsNina Uralt'seva
Ludwig Faddeev
Vladimir Buslaev

Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya (Russian: Óльга Алекса́ндровна Лады́женская, IPA: [ˈolʲɡə ɐlʲɪˈksandrəvnə ɫɐˈdɨʐɨnskəɪ̯ə] (About this soundlisten)) (7 March 1922 – 12 January 2004) was a Soviet and Russian mathematician. She was known for her work on partial differential equations (especially Hilbert's 19th problem) and fluid dynamics.[1] She provided the first rigorous proofs of the convergence of a finite difference method for the Navier–Stokes equations. She was a student of Ivan Petrovsky.[2] She was awarded the Lomonosov Gold Medal in 2002.

Biography[edit]

Ladyzhenskaya was born and grew up in Kologriv. She was the daughter of a mathematics teacher who is credited with her early inspiration and love of mathematics. In October 1937 her father was arrested by the NKVD and soon killed. Young Olga was able to finish high school but, because her father was an "enemy of the people", she was forbidden to enter the Leningrad University.

After Joseph Stalin died in 1953, Ladyzhenskaya presented her doctoral thesis and was given the degree she had long before earned. She went on to teach at the university in Leningrad and at the Steklov Institute, staying in Russia even after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the rapid salary deflation for professors.

Ladyzhenskaya was on the shortlist for potential recipients for the 1958 Fields Medal,[3] ultimately awarded to Klaus Roth and René Thom.

Publications[edit]

  • Ladyzhenskaya, O. A. (1969) [1963], The Mathematical Theory of Viscous Incompressible Flow, Mathematics and Its Applications, 2 (Revised Second ed.), New York–London–Paris–Montreux–Tokyo–Melbourne: Gordon and Breach, pp. XVIII+224, MR 0254401, Zbl 0184.52603.
  • Ladyženskaja, O. A.; Solonnikov, V. A.; Ural'ceva, N. N. (1968), Linear and quasi-linear equations of parabolic type, Translations of Mathematical Monographs, 23, Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society, pp. XI+648, MR 0241821, Zbl 0174.15403.
  • Ladyzhenskaya, Olga A.; Uralt'seva, Nina N. (1968), Linear and Quasilinear Elliptic Equations, Mathematics in Science and Engineering, 46, New York and London: Academic Press, pp. XVIII+495, MR 0244627, Zbl 0164.13002.
  • Ladyzhenskaya, O. A. (1985), The Boundary Value Problems of Mathematical Physics, Applied Mathematical Sciences, 49, Berlin–Heidelberg–New York: Springer Verlag, pp. XXX+322, ISBN 0-521-39922-X, MR 0793735, Zbl 0588.35003 (translated by Jack Lohwater).
  • Ladyzhenskaya, O. A. (1991), Attractors for Semigroups and Evolution Equations, Lezioni Lincee, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. xi+73, MR 1133627, Zbl 0755.47049.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See reference Bolibruch, Osipov & Sinai 2006, and also the comment of Peter Lax in (Pearce 2004).
  2. ^ See the biography by Riddle (2010) from the Biographies of Women Mathematicians, Agnes Scott College.
  3. ^ Barany, Michael (2018). "The Fields Medal should return to its roots". Nature. 553: 271–273. doi:10.1038/d41586-018-00513-8.

References[edit]

Biographical and general references[edit]

External links[edit]