Baclanova in 1920, playing the title role of La Perichole at the Moscow Art Theatre.
Olga Vladimirovna Baklanova|
19 August 1893
Moscow, Russian Empire
6 September 1974 (aged 81)|
|Other names||Baclanova, Olga Baklanova|
|Occupation||Actress, singer, ballerina|
Vladlimir Zoppi (m. 1922–1929)1 child
Nicholas Soussanin (m. 1929–1935)1 child
Richard Davis (born Richard Judovitch) (m. 1937 – 1974?)
|Relatives||Gleb Baklanov, brother|
Olga Vladimirovna Baklanova (Russian: О́льга Влади́мировна Бакла́нова; 19 August 1893 – 6 September 1974), professionally billed as Olga Baclanova or Baclanova, was a Russian-born naturalized American actress of stage and screen, radio host and performer, operatic singer, and ballerina. She achieved prominence during the silent film era, after taking several years off her age and changing the spelling of her Russian surname from Baklanova. She was often billed under her last name only, as Baclanova, similarly to the surname-only nomenclature of her fellow countrywoman Nazimova.
An exotic blonde temptress, she was billed as the "Russian Tigress". She emigrated to America in 1925, and started appearing in Hollywood films, which she remains most noted for portraying the fictional Duchess Josiana in the Universal Pictures silent The Man Who Laughs and slimy circus trapeze artist Cleopatra in Tod Browning's cult horror movie Freaks (1932), which features a cast of actual carnival sideshow freaks.
Early life, Moscow Arts Theatre and Russian career (radio, stage and film)
She was born on 19 August 1893 (other sources state 1884, 1896 or even 1900, according to obituary) in Moscow, Russia. Baclanova was the daughter of Vladimir Baklanoff and his wife Alexandra, herself an actress in early Russian films. Baclanova studied drama at the Cherniavsky Institute before being accepted into the prestigious Moscow Art Theatre with such contemporaries as Maria Ouspenskaya in 1912. Over the next decade she appeared in Russian films, and also performed extensively on stage, touring and performing in many countries of the world, in the 1930s had a program called Olga Baclanova's Continental Review, and she often appeared as a guest on radio programs singing songs in her native Russian, having trained in operatic voice at the Moscow Arts Theatre. In 1925 she was given the award "Worthy Artist of the Republic", the highest Soviet artist honour. Baklanova appeared in around 17 films in her native Russia.
Baclanova first came to New York City with the 1925 touring production of the Moscow Art Theatre's Lysistrata. Though the rest of the company returned to Russia in 1926, she stayed. She would appear in a West Coast production of The Miracle, before being cast in a bit part in her debut film, The Dove. A statuesque blonde, Baclanova quickly established herself as a popular actress in American silent movies and achieved a notable success with The Docks of New York (1928), directed by Josef von Sternberg. Later that year, she also appeared in The Man Who Laughs as Duchess Josiana, the femme fatale love interest to Conrad Veidt's disfigured hero.
The introduction of talking films proved difficult for Baclanova, as audiences did not respond to her heavy Russian accent. She no longer secured leading roles, and was relegated to supporting parts. Her career was in decline when she was offered the role of the cruel circus performer Cleopatra in Tod Browning's film Freaks (1932). This horror movie, which featured actual carnival freaks, was highly controversial and screened only briefly before being withdrawn. It would be 30 years before Freaks gained a cult following. The movie did not revive Baclanova's film career, which ended in 1943.
Baclanova's father died a natural death in 1922 according to her family. She was married three times, firstly to lawyer Vladlimir Zoppi, and bore two sons with her first and second husbands. The birth of her second son with actor Nicholas Soussanin was front page news and covered quite extensively in the press in 1930. Her third marriage was to Russian-born David Judovitch, better known as Richard Davis (1900-1984), who owned the Fine Arts Theatre in New York. In 1931 Baclanova became a naturalised American citizen. Her likeness to the American pop singer Madonna in the 1980s has been frequently mentioned as particularly evident in The Man Who Laughs.
After her retirement she migrated to Switzerland. She died at a rest home on 6 September 1974 in Vevey, Switzerland, aged 81, apparently suffering from Alzheimer's disease, although this cannot be confirmed. She was interred at Corsier cemetery, in Corsier-sur-Vevey.
Partial Hollywood filmography
- The Dove (1927)
- The Czarina's Secret (1928)
- Forgotten Faces (1928)
- The Man Who Laughs (1928)
- Three Sinners (1928)
- Street of Sin (1928)
- The Docks of New York (1928)
- Avalanche (1928)
- The Wolf of Wall Street (1929)
- The Man I Love (1929)
- A Dangerous Woman (1929)
- Cheer Up and Smile (1930)
- Are You There? (1931)
- The Great Lover (1931)
- Freaks (1932)
- Downstairs (1932)
- The Billion Dollar Scandal (1933)
- Claudia (1943)
Stage roles (USA and UK)
- The Miracle (west coast production,1926)
- The Farwell Supper (After on anatol), 1929
- Silent Witness (1931)
- Grand Hotel (1932)
- Twentieth Century as Lilly Garland (1932)
- The Cat and the Fiddle (west coast, 1932)
- $25 an Hour (Germaine Granville, 1933)
- Murder at the Vanities (Broadway Production, 1933)
- Mahogany Hill, Broadway, 1934)
- Going Place (London debut, 1936)
- Idiot's Delight (US tour), 1936
- Twentieth Century (US Tour revival, 1937)
- Claudia 1941-1943 Claudia, US tour
- The Cat and the Fiddle (revival, New Jersey), 1945
- Louisiana Lady (summer stock, East Coast production, mid 1947)
- A Copy of Madame Aupic (East Coast, New Milford, sumerstock, 1947)
- "Olga Baclanova Is Dead at 74. Starred in Films and on Stage". New York Times. February 6, 1985. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
Olga Baclanova, the Russian born stage and motion-picture actress, died Wenseday at Vevey, Switzerland, She was 81 years old. Miss Baclanova, a graduate of the Moscow Art Theater, came to this country in 1925...
- Mank, Gregory W. (1999). Women in horror films, 1930s, p. 118. McFarland; ISBN 978-0-7864-0553-4
- Meienberg, L. Paul. "Olga Baclanova biography". Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- Vazzana, Eugene Michael (2001). Silent film necrology, p. 25. McFarland; ISBN 978-0-7864-1059-0
- Meienberg, L. Paul. "Olga Baclanova--The Ultimate Cinemantrap!". Retrieved 2009-06-07.
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