Kaniskina at Osaka 2007
|Born||January 19, 1985|
|Height||1.59 m (5 ft 2 1⁄2 in)|
|Weight||43 kg (95 lb)|
|Event(s)||20km Race Walk|
Olga Nikolayevna Kaniskina (Russian: О́льга Никола́евна Кани́ськина; born January 19, 1985 in Napolnaya Tavla, Kochkurovsky District, Mordvin ASSR, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union) is a Russian coach and former race walker. She won the silver medal in the 20 km walk at the 2006 European Championships, gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, and silver medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. She is a three-time World Champion, having won at both the 2007 World Championships, 2009 World Championships and 2011 World Championships.
She also won the 20 km walk at the 2008 IAAF World Race Walking Cup, setting a Championship record of 1:25:42
At the 2006 IAAF World Race Walking Cup she finished in fifth place and won her first major medal, a silver, at the 2006 European Athletics Championships later that year. She won her first global title the following year, taking the gold in the women's 20 km walk at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics, beating compatriot Tatyana Shemyakina to the finish.
The 2008 season saw Olga Kaniskina break her first world record in the 20 km Walk at the Russian Championships. She lowered the mark set by her compatriot Olimpiada Ivanova in August 2005. However, IAAF rules dictate that 3 official judges must be present at the race, for a world record to be ratified, making it unlikely that this record will be ratified, as there were not 3 judges present. She went on to set the 20 km championship record at the 2008 IAAF World Race Walking Cup held in Russia, finishing with a time of 1:25:42.
At the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, she broke the standing Olympic record for the fastest 20 km walk. She walked 20 km in 1:26:31 to beat the silver medalist by 36 seconds. The previous Olympic record was 1:29:05 set by Wang Liping in 2000 at the Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia.
Kaniskina's first win of 2010 came at the Na Rynek Marsz! competition in Kraków, Poland, where she beat Melanie Seeger by two seconds. She improved one position from her 2006 performance to top the podium at the 2010 European Athletics Championships, claiming the women's 20 km title. Her 2011 started with a win on the 2011 World Challenge circuit in Rio Maior in April.
She has been part of a training group coached by Viktor Chegin. More than a dozen members of that group have been suspended for doping violations. She did not return to defend her world championship on home soil similar to teammate Sergey Bakulin. It was later revealed that Bakulin was serving a previously unannounced doping suspension casting the suggestion that Kaniskina was doing the same. On January 20, 2015 Kaniskina was disqualified for 3 years and 2 months starting from 15 October 2012, and all her results between 15 July 2009 and 16 September 2009, as well as between 30 July 2011 and 8 November 2011 (which include two world championship golds) were annulled. The reason for the ban was anomalies in her biological passport. As a result of the doping ban she lost the job as head of the Olympic Victor Chegin Race Walking Training Center in Saransk, a position she got less than a month before. She followed Viktor Kolesnikov as head of the Center. Kolesnikov had also had to leave the job due to receiving a ban for an anti doping rule violation. On March 25, 2015, the IAAF filed an appeal with the Court of Arbitration in Lausanne, Switzerland, questioning the selective disqualification of the suspension periods of the six athletes involved, including the one for Kaniskina which currently allows her to keep her Olympic Silver Medal.
|2005||European U23 Championships||Erfurt, Germany||2nd||20 km||1:33:33|
|2006||World Race Walking Cup||La Coruña, Spain||5th||20 km||1:28:59|
|European Championships||Gothenburg, Sweden||2nd||20 km||1:28:35|
|2007||European Race Walking Cup||Leamington Spa, Great Britain||2nd||20 km||1:28:13|
|World Championships||Osaka, Japan||1st||20 km||1:30:09|
|2008||World Race Walking Cup||Cheboksary, Russia||1st||20 km||1:25:42 CR|
|Olympic Games||Beijing, China||1st||20 km||1:26:31 OR|
|2009||World Championships||Berlin, Germany||DQ||20 km||1:28:09 DQ (Doping)|
|2010||European Championships||Barcelona, Spain||1st||20 km||1:27:44|
|2011||World Championships||Daegu, South Korea||DQ||20 km||1:29:42 DQ (Doping)|
|2012||Olympic Games||London, United Kingdom||2nd||20 km||1:25:09|
- iaaf.org - Kaniskina speeds to 1:25:11
- "BBC SPORT | Olympics | Athletics | Kaniskina beats rain to win walk". BBC News. 2008-08-21. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
- Powell, David (2009-08-16). Kaniskina follows in Borchin’s footsteps. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-08-17.
- Landells, Steve (2009-08-16). Event Report - Women's 20Km Race Walk - Final. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-08-17.
- Kaniskina and Chu take 10Km wins in Krakow – IAAF Race Walking Challenge. IAAF (2010-05-30). Retrieved on 2010-05-30.
- Fernandes, António Manuel (2011-04-09). Borchin and Kaniskina on cruise control in Rio Maior – IAAF Race Walking Challenge. IAAF. Retrieved on 2011-04-10.
- "Информация о дисквалификации: легкая атлетика" (in Russian). Russian Anti-Doping Agency. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Каниськина покинет пост главы центра олимпийской подготовки в Саранске - Мутко, rsport.ru 21 January 2015
- Marcia dal Mondo: 13/01/2015 Saransk: il nuovo direttore è Olga Kaniskina - New director is Olga Kaniskina, 13 January 2015
- Associated Press: Viktor Kolesnikov banned for 4 years, espn.com 18. November 2014
- Olive Loughnane set to enjoy belated golden moment after Olga Kaniskina ban, Irish Examiner, January 21, 2015, retrieved 29 May 2015