Olga Preobrazhenskaya (director)

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Olga Preobrazhenskaya
Born(1881-07-24)24 July 1881
Died30 October 1971(1971-10-30) (aged 90)
Moscow, Soviet Union
OccupationFilm director
Years active1913–1961

Olga Ivanovna Preobrazhenskaya (Russian: Ольга Ивановна Преображенская, 24 July 1881 – 30 October 1971) was a Russian Empire and Soviet actress and film director, one of the first female film directors. She is most famous for directing the film Women of Ryazan.[1]


Olga Ivanovna Preobrazhenskaya was born on 24 July 1881, in Moscow. From 1901 to 1904, she studied in the actor school of Moscow Art Theater. From 1905, she worked in theaters in Poltava, Tbilisi, Riga, Odessa, Voronezh and Moscow.[2]

In 1913, she debuted as film actress in The Keys to Happiness, directed by Vladimir Gardin and Yakov Protazanov, and she starred in several popular adaptations of Russian classics, such as War and Peace and On the Eve (both 1915). Preobrazhenskaya was one of the founders of the actor school of the VGIK, where she taught from 1918 to 1925.[2]

After graduating from the Moscow Art Theater School in 1923 she worked as a director at the Goskino film studio (now Mosfilm), was the second director on the films Locksmith and Chancellor (1923). Starting in 1927, she collaborated with film director Ivan Pravov, with whom she made several films together.


As actress
As director
  • Miss Peasant (Барышня - крестьянка) (1916); co-directed with Vladimir Gardin
  • Victoria (Виктория) (1917)
  • Tale of Priest Pankrat (Сказка о попе Панкрате) (1918)
  • The Landowner (Помещик) (1923)
  • Fedka's truth (Федькина правда) (1925)
  • Kashtanka (Каштанка) (1926)
  • Anne (Аня) (1927)
  • Women of Ryazan (Бабы рязанские) (1927)
  • A Town Full of Light (Светлый город) (1928); co-directed with Ivan Pravov
  • The Last Attraction (Последний аттракцион) (1929); co-directed with Ivan Pravov
  • And Quiet Flows the Don (Тихий Дон) (1930); co-directed with Ivan Pravov
  • Paths of Enemies (Вражьи тропы) (1935); co-directed with Ivan Pravov
  • Stepan Razin (Степан Разин) (1939); co-directed with Ivan Pravov
  • Lad from Taiga (Парень из тайги) (1941); co-directed with Ivan Pravov


  1. ^ Jay Leyda (1960). Kino: A History of the Russian and Soviet Film. George Allen & Unwin. p. 231.
  2. ^ a b "Ольга Преображенская". Encyclopedia of Native Cinema. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2017.

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