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Olga Vladimirovna Rozanova (also spelled Rosanova, Russian: Ольга Владимировна Розанова) (21 June 1886 – 7 November 1918, Moscow) was a Russian avant-garde artist in the styles of Suprematism, Neo-Primitivism, and Cubo-Futurism.
In 1911 she became one of the most active members of the Soyuz Molodyozhi (Union of the Youth).
In 1916 she married Kruchenykh and joined the group of Russian avant-garde artists Supremus that was led by Kazimir Malevich. By this time her paintings, developed from the influences of Cubism and Italian Futurism, and took an entirely original departure into pure abstraction in which the composition is organised by the visual weight and relationship of colour.
In the same year Rozanova together with other suprematist artists (Kazimir Malevich, Aleksandra Ekster, Nina Genke, Liubov Popova, Ksenia Boguslavskaya, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Ivan Kliun, Ivan Puni and others) worked at the Verbovka Village Folk Centre.
In 1917–1918 she created a series of non-objective paintings which she called tsv'etopis'. Her Non-objective composition, 1918 also known as Green stripe anticipates the flat picture plane and poetic nuancing of colour of some Abstract Expressionists. Rozanova's works spanned a wide range of artistic movements in Russia, from Suprematism to Cubo-Futurism.
She died of diphtheria in 1918.
References and sources
- Olga Rozanova. MoMA 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- Russian avant-garde, Andrei Nakov, Art Data, 1986
- Abstract Art, Mel Gooding, Tate Publishing, 2001
- "Shishanov V.A. Vitebsk Museum of Modern Art history of creation and collection. 1918–1941. – Minsk: Medisont, 2007. – 144 p. (Russian) 
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