Olhopil, Vinnytsia Oblast
First known since 1780 as Rohuzka Chechelnytska (Ukrainian: Рогузка Чечельницька; or Рогузки-Чечельницькі) it was a border town between Rzeczpospolita and Budjak Horde. In 1795 it was renamed Olgopol by Ekaterina II in the name of her granddaughter, Olga Pavlovna. In Imperial Russia it used to be a small town, the center of Olgopol uyezd of Podolia Governorate.
Olgopol suffered heavily in 1919 at the hands of the Ukrainian bands which were active in the surroundings. Jews were also attacked by the armies of Anton Ivanovich Denikin). In 1926 the Jewish population numbered 1,660 (76.4% of the total). At the time of the German-Rumanian occupation (July 1941), most of the Jews fled from the townlet, which was incorporated into the zone annexed by the Rumanians (Transnistria). The Jews who remained were concentrated into a ghetto together with about 600 Jews who had been expelled from Bessarabia and Bukovina, all of them being submitted to forced labor in the vicinity.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). 1906.
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