Olia Lialina on Instagram logo
May 4 1971|
|Education||Moscow State University|
|Known for||Internet art, Net art, Theory|
|Notable work||My Boyfriend Came Back from the War|
In 1994 she was one of the founders, and later director, of Cine Fantom, an experimental cinema club in Moscow that she co-founded together with Gleb Aleinikov, Andrej Silvestrov, Boris Ukhananov, Inna Kolosova and others.
Lialina taught at New Media Lab (Moscow, 1994), Joint Art Studios (Moscow, 1995), University of Westminster (London, 1997), MUU (Helsinki, 1997), Kunst Academiet (Trondheim, 1998); Fachhochschule (Augsburg, 1998), University of Graz (1998) and Akademie der Bildenden Künste München (Munich, 1998–99). In 1999 Lialina became a teacher and course director at the New Media pathway program at the Merz Akademie in Stuttgart.
- My Boyfriend Came Back From The War is a 1996 piece of internet art. In black and white GIF images and HTML frames, Lialina creates a hypertext narrative of a couple that meet when the male comes back from a war. The female talks about cheating, and there is some mention of marriage. The whole piece is in black and white, is nonlinear, and the story progresses as one clicks on the different words and images while the frames split in further subdivisions. The user can select their own path.
- Since 1998, My Boyfriend Came Back From The War, considered a classic in internet art, was appropriated and remixed by various other new media artists in many different forms, from Flash and a 3D environment in the Castle Wolfenstein game engine to a video and PowerPoint. This remix project is entitled The Last Real Net Art Museum. It includes versions of the work by JODI, Constant Dullaart and Auriea Harvey & Michaël Samyn, among many others. The work was the first inclusion in Rhizome's Net Art Anthology in 2017.
- Agatha Appears (1997) is a story told through the
titleelements of hyperlinks. Man.gif meets woman.jpeg, he introduces her to the Internet, she is teleported there and is never alone again.
- From 2001 to 2003, Olia Lialina managed a web comic named Zombie and Mummy with Dragan Espenschied. The comic contained the characters Zombie, a zombie, and Mummy, a mummy. Each comic was created on a Palm Pilot, and was designed to be mediocre on purpose. Comics consisted of usually 4 panes each, beginning with "Zombie and Mummy..." followed by the comic title. The story would then progress, until a simple (usually) conclusion would be reached, and "The End" would be displayed in bubble letters dripping with blood. Each comic was embedded into a webpage, some Olia's own creation, some taken from other sources. The webpages were usually styled after typical GeoCities-like websites at the time.
- The most beautiful web page (2002) is a web page which appears to be as the link states "some universe". The link to the page is in the words which appear in the middle of the page and read "SOME UNIVERSE for heike, dragan and your browser" when clicked on, a new web page appears in which one must scroll using the page down on your keyboard. While doing this the various spots of color on the black background appear to twinkle and move. Throughout the scrolling there are different images that appear, at times there are stripes of color which look as if they are moving in the opposite direction of the rest of the site. Finally at the bottom of the page five images can be seen, including a horizontal stripe of sparkling purple lights.
- Online Newspapers (2004) is a webpage that features various newspapers from around the world, interspersed with GIFs. There are five different newspapers from different parts of the world in order from left to right.
- Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, August 2, 2004, with a GIF of roses,
- Daily Jang, August 6, 2004, with colored sphere animations,
- USA TODAY, with GIFs of American flags and of The Statue of Liberty. The date for this newspaper is August 9, 2004 and when scrolled over the part entitled "Election Officials Act to Stop Snags" the same newspaper is revealed without the GIFs, in black and white.
- The Wall Street Journal Europe, with a GIF of animals, dates from August 4, 2004.
- Dajiyuan, August 4, 2004, containing GIFs of Street Fighter.
-  is a digital performance where Olia Lialina spreads her own image, in animated GIF format, over the world wide web. In 2016 this work has been acquired in the collections of the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam and Museum of the Image (MOTI) Breda, in the form of GIF files for Tumblr, as a video installation for a museum, and as GIF files that must be spread via social media. The animated GIF file format saw a large-scale revival in the early 2010s on platforms like Tumblr and 4chan and entered the mainstream digital culture of Facebook around 2014. Like a digital anthropologist, Lialina collects and researches the most important types of images used online, and she re-interprets them in an artistic way.
Writing and research
Olia Lialina regularly writes and publishes about new media, digital folklore, amateur or vernacular web design, the early history of home pages and the early conventions of the web. Her essays, projects and publications include:
- A Vernacular Web. Indigenous and Barbarians (2005), talk at the conference A Decade of Webdesign (Amsterdam) and essay
- Vernacular Web 2 (2007)
- Buerger, Manuel; Espenschied, Dragan; Lialina, Olia; Merz-Akademie (2009). Digital folklore. Stuttgart: Merz & Solitude. ISBN 9783937982250.
- One Terabyte of Kilobyte Age (2011-), a project with Dragan Espenschied. Lialina and Espenschied downloaded the entire Geocities archive (Geocities was shut down in 2009) and regularly and automatically publish screenshots of Geocities websites on a Tumblr blog.
- Prof. Dr. Style, Vernacular Web 3 (2010)
- In 2012, Lialina coined the term "Turing Complete User" in an essay of the same name. The piece was well received internationally and was reviewed by Bruce Sterling  and Cory Doctorow,  among others.
- In 2015, the preface of Digital Folklore, co-written by Lialina and Espenschied, was included alongside an edited excerpt of Lialina's essay "Turing Complete User" in Mass Effect: Art and the Internet in the Twenty-First Century co-published by MIT Press and New Museum of Contemporary Art.
- Baumgärtel, Tilman (1999). net.art - Materialien zur Netzkunst (in German) (2nd ed.). Nürnberg: Verlag für Moderne Kunst Nürnberg. pp. 128–135. ISBN 3-933096-17-0.
- Rosenthal, S., & Dinkla, S. (2002). Stories: Erzählstrukturen in der zeitgenössischen Kunst : Eija-Liisa Ahtila, Lars Arrhenius, Birgit Brenner, Susanne Berkenheger, Sophie Calle, Tracey Emin, Anna Gaskell, Renee Green, Josph Grigely, Rachel Harrison, Benjamin Heisenberg, Anton Henning, Lynn Hershman, William Kentridge, Olia Lialina, Julia Loktev, Florian Merkel, M+M Aernout Mik, Abigail O'Brien, Franck Scurti, Andreas Siekmann, Sam Taylor-Wood, Janaina Tschäpe, Susanne Weirich. Köln: DuMont. ISBN 3-8321-7191-6
- Tribe, Mark; Reena, Jana (2007). New Media Art. Taschen GmbH. p. 60. ISBN 978-3-8228-3041-3.
- Dekker, Annet (2016-02-09). "Twintig Jaar Op Het Web: My Boyfriend Came Back From The War". MU. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Olia Lialina.|
- art.teleportacia.org, Olia Lialina's website and art portfolio
- contemporary-home-computing.org, shared website of Olia Lialina and Dragan Espenschied
- Olia Lialina, 'Summer' (2013)
- "Olia Lialina". monoskop.org. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- "Russland im Netz". Zeit Online. 1998-08-20. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- Connor, Michael (2016-11-10). "Speaking in Net Language: My Boyfriend Came Back from the War". Rhizome. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- "New Media Pathway". merz-akademie.de.
- "Rose Goldsen Archive of New Media Art". Cornell University Library. Retrieved 2008-03-01.
- Paul, Christiane (2003). Digital art. New York: Thames & Hudson. p. 113. ISBN 9780500203675.
- "My boyfriend came back from the war". Rhizome Artbase. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- "Last Real Net Art Museum". myboyfriendcamebackfromth.ewar.ru. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
- "NET ART ANTHOLOGY: My Boyfriend Came Back From the War". NET ART ANTHOLOGY: My Boyfriend Came Back From the War. 2016-10-27. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
- A G A T H A A P P E A R S by Olia Lialina (Restored 2008) Retrieved 2015-08-10
- "Agatha Appears". Rhizome Artbase. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
- "ZOMB I E & MUMMY". www.zombie-and-mummy.org. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
- Zombie and Mummy: About Retrieved 2015-08-10
- TV Troopes: Web Comics: Zombie and Mummy by Olia Lialina Retrieved 2015-08-10
- "The most beautiful web page". art.teleportacia.org. 2002. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
- The most beautiful web page
- "Online Newspapers. Olia Lialina. October 2004". art.teleportacia.org. 2004. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
- "Animated GIF Model". art.teleportacia.org. 2005–2012. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- "Aankoop 17 topwerken door Stedelijk en MOTI. Persmap" (PDF). Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam (in Dutch). 2016-12-15. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- Blanks, Teddy (2007-01-09). "Olia Lialina & Relics of the Lost Web". Design Observer. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- Lialina, Olia (2005-01-21). "A Vernacular web. Indigenous and Barbarians". art.teleportacia.org. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
- Lialina, Olia (2010-07-12). "Vernacular Web 2". contemporary-home-computing.org. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
- "One Terabyte of Kilobyte Age | Digging through the Geocities Torrent". contemporary-home-computing.org. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- "One Terabyte of Kilobyte Age Photo Op". oneterabyteofkilobyteage.tumblr.com. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- Lialina, Olia (2010). "Prof. Dr. Style". contemporary-home-computing.org. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- Lialina, Olia (2012). "Turing Complete User". contemporary-home-computing.org. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- Sterling, Bruce (2012-10-16). "Olia Lialina's Turing-Complete User". wired.com. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- Doctorow, Cory (2012-10-17). "Universal Computer Users". boingboing.com. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- Cornell, Lauren; Halter, Ed (2015). Mass Effect: Art and the Internet in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge, Massachusetts / London, England: The MIT Press. pp. 1–14. ISBN 978-0-262-02926-1.
- Free online version at http://kebabaquarium.com/brown_wiki/MarkTribe/New+Media+Art.html.
- "Olia Lialina, 'Summer' (2013)". Rhizome. Retrieved 2018-03-23.