Olias of Sunhillow
|Olias of Sunhillow|
|Studio album by|
|Released||24 July 1976|
|Studio||Seer Green, Buckinghamshire, England|
|Genre||Progressive rock, psychedelic folk, world music|
|Jon Anderson chronology|
Olias of Sunhillow is the first studio album by English singer-songwriter and musician Jon Anderson, released in July 1976 on Atlantic Records. It is a concept album entirely written and performed by Anderson, telling the story of an alien race and their journey to a new world following a volcanic catastrophe on their home planet. The album merges the progressive rock music which Anderson was known for at the time with psychedelic folk, experimental electronics and an early version of world music.
Background and writing
By mid-1975, Anderson had been the lead vocalist in the progressive rock band Yes for seven years. In August of that year the band, which was then a line-up of Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, guitarist Steve Howe, drummer Alan White, and keyboardist Patrick Moraz, completed the 1974–1975 tour in support of their seventh album, Relayer. The group, who had been recording and touring consistently for the past five years, felt a break was necessary and agreed to take time off for each member to make their own solo album.
For his solo effort, Anderson wished to present a concept album which told a "semi-science fiction" story inspired by the artwork that Roger Dean had designed for Yes's fourth album, Fragile (1971). Dean's first piece of work for the group, the front cover depicts a tiny planet breaking apart and a glider escaping into space, which Anderson adapted into the story with additional inspiration from the novels The Finding of the Third Eye and The Initiation of the World by writer, painter, and mystic Vera Stanley Alder and The Lord of the Rings trilogy by J.R.R. Tolkien. The latter book by Alder describes the theory of four "nature tribes" that once lived on the planet: Negro, Oriental, Nordic, and Asian, which became the four tribes in Olias that were not of people, but "music consciousness tribes". On the first day of recording Anderson had yet to have a concrete story, but started to formulate one slowly from watching the sunrise that morning. He spent about a year on the story. Looking back on the album, Anderson thought it was "not that well mapped out" with "vague" interpretations of the different characters and settings. "I just thought of the story as three magicians coming out of space to take these tribes from one planet to another to save them from destruction. It's a very simple story [...] I hope it will be taken on a level without people thinking there are any hidden meanings."
Anderson's growing desire to learn about musical structure and his own performing capabilities with various instruments made Olias of Sunhillow a platform for him to explore this with a self-taught approach, without help from other musicians. He had previously relied on his Yes band mates for seeing his ideas for songs through. Despite his insecurities regarding his own instrumental abilities, he had collected multiple instruments during Yes tours and dabbled with them. Having considered spending time learning to play the piano with a teacher, he eventually decided against this, choosing instead to spend several months practising on everything within his instrument collection until he was satisfied that he'd progressed enough to record with them. Halfway through the album, it became clear to Anderson what he could and could not do: "You just find out where you're at in being able to express yourself. It was an intense period of time." Despite not being proficient with keyboards or percussion instruments at the time Anderson thought that "What I've pulled off attracts me and sounds right", and focused on the accuracy of expressing his ideas to tape rather than the technical ability of his playing."
The planet of Sunhillow is home to four tribes—Nagrunium, Asatranius, Oractaniom and Nordranious—each of which represents a different aspect of music consciousness, which comes under threat after a catastrophic eruption of its volcano. Olias, a magician, is the chosen architect of an ark, named the Moorglade Mover, to fly Sunhillow's people to a new planet. He is helped by fellow magicians Ranyart, the harp-playing navigator of the glider, and Qoquaq (pronounced "ko-quake"), the mystic and appointed spokesperson who unites the four tribes to leave the planet together.
Olias fashions the Moorglade Mover by persuading Sunhillow's trees and fish to sacrifice their lives and substance to form it, while Qoquaq travels across Sunhillow using trance singing to bring together the mutually suspicious tribes to unite and board the ship. With the population on board and in a collective trance, the ship leaves Sunhillow just before the planet explodes into millions of silent teardrops. As the glider travels through deep space, the refugees succumb to the mysterious Moon Ra, a force of disorientation. Creating an evil form out of their panic and frustration, they are reassured and reunified by Olias through his singing of chords of love and life.
The Moorglade Mover lands on the plains of a new planet named Asguard, and the tribes disembark and go their separate ways. Their mission completed, Olias, Ranyart, and Qoquag ascend the highest of Asguard's mountains to sleep and "become one with the universe".
The album was recorded in approximately four months in Anderson's then country home in Seer Green, Buckinghamshire which housed a garage that he converted into a recording studio. Anderson performed all of the vocals and instruments himself, playing over thirty instruments (amongst them different types of keyboards, guitars, lutes, percussion, harp, wooden flute, Asian bells, sitar, Moog synthesiser and Turkish saz). He still considered his voice his primary instrument and used layered vocals to create impressions of a new language on "Sound Out the Galleon". He chose the words particularly for his voice as he was technically unable to play a dedicated solo on an instrument and called them "a vocal exercise [...] I sang it until we created twenty voices and finished up with this tangible energy."
Two-thirds of the album was initially recorded in demo form onto 8-track tape, which Anderson used as a guide to write the complete arrangements that were then re-recorded onto 24-track. To help with operating the recording desk and obtaining the desired sound for the album, Anderson hired Yes sound engineer Mike Dunne. Anderson worked for as long as ten hours a day on the album and took weekends off. Anderson praised Dunne's involvement on the project, particularly during the mixing stage, the second side of which lasted within a week. Mixing the first side, however, was problematic because Anderson continued to make changes to the music due to his dissatisfaction with it. In the end, Anderson commented of the final mix that, with Dunne's help, "It was what I wanted to hear. Mike was more than the second man, he was part of the mix." In the end, over 100 tracks were used to make the album. The pressure of recording it resulted in delays which caused Atlantic to push its release by some months. Anderson said: "There were points when I didn't think I was going to finish it, and that I was going to end up a nervous wreck."
Anderson was cautious over the music and refused to play it to anyone in case they did not like it, including his wife and Atlantic president Ahmet Ertegun; Dunne was the only other person that heard the album. Anderson named Yes keyboardists Rick Wakeman and Patrick Moraz, and Greek keyboardist and composer Vangelis as influences in his keyboard work on the album. After the album was finished, management of RCA Records informed Vangelis (who was signed to the label at the time), of their dissatisfaction that he had played on Olias of Sunhillow without informing them. Vangelis denied any involvement on the album despite RCA having thought the keyboards on the album were performed in his style. Vangelis said: "I myself was very surprised it had my name on the thank you-list. Maybe I have influenced Jon, I don't know. And it's clear that it's closer to this than you get with Yes. But maybe it's a coincidence. In any case, it's a formidable feat there is such a record when it features like Jon a debutante on keyboards. I believe the record represents more the way he is than what he does with Yes, no offense intended [...] Anderson is not an instrumentalist in the old sense of the term and yet he has made, with lots of effort, a marvellous record."
Despite repeated requests from Anderson, Roger Dean was too busy to commit to designing the cover, so Anderson decided upon a series of designs by artist David Fairbrother-Roe, who was suggested by a friend.
The album was originally set for a release around Christmas of 1975, but it was pushed back some months so Anderson could complete it. In early 1976 he was pressured by his Yes band mates to complete the album before a proposed Japanese tour, but the plan was cancelled due to Anderson's exhaustion from working on Olias. The album was released in July 1976 on Atlantic Records. The album peaked at number 8 on the UK and number 47 in the United States. "Ocean Song" was performed by Yes on their 1976 tour, but as with the other songs they performed from other members' solo albums, it was dropped after the first few weeks.
Writing in RAM in July 1976, Bob Edmunds described the album as being "as impressive as anything Yes have produced collectively... Musicians with greater skills (e.g. Mike Oldfield) have created instrumental works on this scale but have always been denied access to the wonderful instrument of Jon Anderson's voice. Endless tours have done nothing to detract from one of the richest, purest voices in rock…. Olias has a continuity of intensity rarely found on any album, let alone one this ambitious. It won't go down too well with those who reject anything except full-tilt rock'n'roll. But there's no way you can deny the sheer grandeur of Jon Anderson's music, no matter what opinions you hold about rock."
In AllMusic, Dave Connolly concludes "the idea may seem overly ambitious, but Anderson fills the record with enough magical moments to delight fans of Yes' mystic side... at no point does the music lose its spellbinding effect for lack of sonic detail. Olias of Sunhillow is faithful to the spirit of Yes, though decidedly more airy than that band's visceral style - its closest comparison would be Fragile's "We Have Heaven" or Going for the One's "Wonderous Stories" (which was clearly influenced by this record) on the vocal tracks, and Greek progressive electronic composer (and future Anderson collaborator) Vangelis on the instrumental tracks.... Olias of Sunhillow is not the missing Yes album some might hope it to be, though it does prefigure the later Jon & Vangelis collaborations of the '80s." Writing on his own Progrography website, Connolly has also commented that "it's not a stretch to say that Olias of Sunhillow looks and sounds like (Roger) Dean's previous Yes artwork come to life. Since Anderson himself handles all the instruments, the album is an airier affair than Yes, and yet at the heart of these songs is the same captivating, intoxicating core that the singer brought to that band.... Olias of Sunhillow is the one Anderson album most likely to please Yes fans, immersed as it is in their mystical aura. It's also a gorgeously packaged product (in LP form, anyway), which helps set the mood immeasurably."
Writing about Olias of Sunhillow on his Mewsings blog in 2009 (thirty-three years after the album's initial release), Murray Ewing reflected "there’s a dangerous swerve towards the New Age in Anderson’s first solo album, both in the optimistic whimsy of its fantasy world, and the musical palette of soft, sparkling synths and world instruments. Thankfully, it easily escapes that particular doldrum of musical hell through sheer energy (on the musical front) and sheer weirdness (on the fantasy front). This isn’t music to attune your chakras to, it’s adventurous, full of drama, uplifting melodies, evocative soundscapes, and a fresh unearthliness that makes it the only fantasy album I can think of which genuinely sounds like it could have come from another world."
The album has been released several times. Wounded Bird Records in the US released the album on 28 February 2006. Contrary to some earlier releases it presents all the artwork, but very small. Some earlier CD releases include only part of the original artwork and story, omitting pages 3–6 of the original vinyl album. The Japanese pressing on MMG Inc/Atlantic AMCY-18 presents the complete artwork in a booklet, like the vinyl version with 8 pages (including frontcover and backcover).
In 2021 the album was reissued in a CD+DVD package from Cherry Red Records. The CD contains a remastered version of the album in stereo. The DVD contains the remastered audio in 96/24 stereo LPCM, as well as a 5.1 surround mix in both DTS 96/24 and Dolby AC3 formats; the 5.1 audio is upmixed from the stereo masters because the original 24-track tapes could not be located. The packaging includes reproductions of the original album art and story, although again with small reproduction that may make the lettering hard to read. Two enclosed booklets contain track listings, technical information, lyrics, and an interview with Jon Anderson by Malcolm Dome.
In 2004, Jon Anderson called for collaborators to contact him via his website. He described a project that would be a "return to Olias".
In 2006, around the time Olias of Sunhillow was re-released, Anderson announced that he was making a sequel called The Songs of Zamran: Son of Olias.
In late 2008, he announced on his Myspace page that he was hoping to finish the sequel soon.
In a Rockline interview on 20 July 2011, Anderson was asked about the sequel. He said that he hoped to have the first bits of Zamran out in a year.
In late 2012, a web site was launched (www.sevendragons.org/zamran now closed) entitling it Zamran Experience, showing a short preview and describing it as "an interactive audio-visual album".
On 3 January 2013, Anderson confirmed he was still working on The Songs of Zamran: Son of Olias.
On 1 December 2014, Anderson stated on his Facebook page: "I keep myself busy working on the Zamran project."
Words and music by Jon Anderson.
|2.||"Meeting (Garden of Geda)"/"Sound Out the Galleon"||3:28|
|3.||"Dance of Ranyart"/"Olias (To Build the Moorglade)"||4:14|
|4.||"Qoquaq Ën Transic"/"Naon"/"Transic Tö"||7:03|
|5.||"Flight of the Moorglade"||3:22|
|2.||"Moon Ra"/"Chords"/"Song of Search"||12:48|
|3.||"To the Runner"||4:26|
- Jon Anderson – lead and backing vocals, keyboards (Minimoog synthesizer, Korg miniKORGs Mk 1 & 2 synthesizers, Farfisa electric organ, Rhodes 66 electric piano, double manual Mellotron, Beaconsfield church organ, Baldwin baby grand piano, Freeman String Symphonizer), guitars (Martin & Gibson acoustic guitars, Gibson Melody Maker electric guitar) bass Höfner violin bass guitar), Gibson mandocello, sitar, tampuri, bouzouki, saz, Irish harp, thumb piano, assorted African wooden flutes, drums (large brass band drum, brass band snare drums, Caribbean long drums, assorted Navajo drums, African skin drums, tabla), percussion (Ludwig wood blocks, tambourine, triangle, custom-built cymbal tree, assorted cymbals and gongs), tuned percussion (marimba, glockenspiel, toy xylophone), bells (Chinese bells, African cowbells, Tibetan bells) 
- Mike Dunne – engineer
- Brian "It's Going Now" Gaylor – electronics
- John Martin – co-ordination, equipment, goodies
- Brian East – mastering at RCA
- Dave Roe – illustrator, designer
- Hipgnosis – art direction
- Jeff Cummings – portrait
- Richard Manning - portrait colouring
- Joel Whitburn, Joel Whitburn's top pop albums, 1955–1992, Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation, ISBN 0-7935-6677-0
- Blake, Mark (15 July 2016). "The Story Behind Jon Anderson's debut solo album Olias Of Sunhillow". Louder Sound. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- Sullivan, Steve. "Yes Shows – 1970s – 1975". Forgotten Yesterdays. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- Welch, Chris (5 June 1976). "Jon Anderson's Fairy Tales". Melody Maker. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- Crescenti, Peter (26 October 1976). "The Sunhillow Saga". Circus. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- Notes from booklet of 2021 CD reissue
- "Jon Anderson and the miracle of Olias" - Jon Anderson interview by Hervé Picard in Best' magazine, 1977 (translated from French by Ivar de Vries, hosted on Elsewhere - the Independent Vangelis Website
- Frater, Alexander (20 June 1976). "Biggest One-Man Band Ever". The Indianapolis Star. pp. 101, 102. Retrieved 2 April 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Vangelis, the Master" - Vangelis interview by Hervé Picard in Best' magazine, 1977 (translated from French by Ivar de Vries, hosted on Elsewhere - the Independent Vangelis Website
- Charles Snider, The Strawberry Bricks Guide to Progressive Rock, pg. 232, Strawberry Bricks (2008), ISBN 0-615-17566-X
- Connolly, Dave. Album review Olias of Sunhillow at AllMusic. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
- Review of ‘’Olias of Sunhillow’’ by Bob Edmunds in ‘’RAM’’, July 1976 (hosted on ‘Yes in the Press’ website)
- Olias of Sunhillow album review at AllMusic, by Dave Connolly (retrieved 17 August 2011)
- Olias of Sunhillow review by Dave Connolly in Progrography, 2002
- "Jon Anderson’s Olias of Sunhillow" - article by Murray Ewing in Mewsings, 21 June 2009
- "Jon Anderson Still Working on Sequel to Olias of Sunhillow (by Sterling Whitaker)". ultimateclassicrock.com. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- "Zamran Experience and other Olias-related projects". bondegezou.co.uk. 13 February 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2019.