Oligomycin

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Oligomycin A
Oligomycin.png
Names
IUPAC name
(1R,4E,5'S,6S,6'S,7R,8S,10R,11R,12S,14R,15S,16R,18E,20E,22R,25S,27R,28S,29R)-22-ethyl-7,11,14,15-tetrahydroxy-6'-[(2R)-2-hydroxypropyl]-5',6,8,10,12,14,16,28,29-nonamethyl-3',4',5',6'-tetrahydro-3H,9H,13H-spiro[2,26-dioxabicyclo[23.3.1]nonacosa-4,18,20-triene-27,2'-pyran]-3,9,13-trione
Other names
Oligomycin
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
EC Number 215-767-9
MeSH Oligomycins
RTECS number RK3325000
Properties
C45H74O11
Molar mass 791.062 g/mol
Hazards
Safety data sheet MSDS at Fermentek
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Oligomycins are macrolides created by Streptomyces that can be poisonous to other organisms.

Function[edit]

They have use as antibiotics.

Oligomycin A is an inhibitor of ATP synthase. In oxidative phosphorylation research, it is used to prevent state 3 (phosphorylating) respiration. Oligomycin A inhibits ATP synthase by blocking its proton channel (Fo subunit), which is necessary for oxidative phosphorylation of ADP to ATP (energy production). The inhibition of ATP synthesis by oligomycin A will significantly reduce electron flow through the electron transport chain; however, electron flow is not stopped completely due to a process known as proton leak or mitochondrial uncoupling.[1] This process is due to facilitated diffusion of protons into the mitochondrial matrix through an uncoupling protein such as thermogenin, or UCP1.

Administering oligomycin to an individual can result in very high levels of lactate accumulating in the blood and urine.[citation needed]

Oligomycins[2]
Oligomycins.png
  R1 R2 R3 R4 R5
Oligomycin A CH3 H OH H,H CH3
Oligomycin B CH3 H OH O CH3
Oligomycin C CH3 H H H,H CH3
Oligomycin D
(Rutamycin A)
H H OH H,H CH3
Oligomycin E CH3 OH OH O CH3
Oligomycin F CH3 H OH H,H CH2CH3
Rutamycin B H H H H,H CH3
44-Homooligomycin A CH2CH3 H OH H,H CH3
44-Homooligomycin B CH2CH3 H OH O CH3

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jastroch M, Divakaruni AS, Mookerjee S, Treberg JR, Brand MD (2010). "Mitochondrial proton and electron leaks". Essays in biochemistry. 47 (1): 53–67. doi:10.1042/bse0470053. PMC 3122475. PMID 20533900.
  2. ^ Nakata, Masaya; Ishiyama, Takashi; Akamatsu, Shinichi; Hirose, Youichi; Maruoka, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Rika; Tatsuta, Kuniaki (1995). "Synthetic studies on oligomycins. Synthesis of the oligomycin B spiroketal and polypropionate portions". Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan. 68 (3): 967–89. doi:10.1246/bcsj.68.967.