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Otago skink.jpg
Otago skink, Oligosoma otagense
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Scincidae
Subfamily: Lygosominae
Genus: Oligosoma
Girard, 1857

Over 30, see text.

Oligosoma is a genus of small to medium-sized skinks (family Scincidae) found only in New Zealand as well as Norfolk and Lord Howe islands. Oligosoma belongs to the Eugongylus group of genera in the subfamily Lygosominae; the genus Bassiana appears to be fairly closely related.[1]


The currently described and about to be described species are:

Merging Oligosoma and Cyclodina[edit]

A molecular phylogenetic analysis[2] has merged the old genus Cyclodina with Oligosoma, rendering Cyclodina an obsolete taxon. The species previously included in Cyclodina are:


  1. ^ Austin, J.J.; Arnold, E.N. (2006). Using ancient and recent DNA to explore relationships of extinct and endangered Leiolopisma skinks (Reptilia: Scincidae) in the Mascarene islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (2): 503–511. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.12.011 (HTML abstract)
  2. ^ Chapple, David G.; Ritchie, Peter A.; Daugherty, Charles H. (August 2009). "Origin, diversification, and systematics of the New Zealand skink fauna (Reptilia: Scincidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 52 (2): 470–487. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.03.021. PMID 19345273. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Girard C. (1857). Descriptions of some new Reptiles, collected by the United States Exploring Expedition, under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U. S. N. Fourth Part.— Including the species of Saurians, exotic to North America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 9: 195–199. (Oligosoma, new genus, p. 196).
  • Jewell, T. (2011) A photographic guide to reptiles and amphibians of New Zealand. Auckland: New Holland (revised edition).

External links[edit]