Oliva (gastropod)

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Lettered olive 0015.jpg
Three growth stages of the shell of the lettered olive, Oliva sayana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Olivoidea
Family: Olividae
Subfamily: Olivinae
Genus: Oliva
Bruguière, 1789[1]

See text

  • Oliva (Carmione) Gray, 1858
  • Oliva (Miniaceoliva) Petuch & Sargent, 1986
  • Porphyria Röding, 1798

Oliva is a genus of medium-sized to large sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Olividae, the olive snails or olive shells.[2]

Subsequent to the publication of the Tursch & Greifeneder (2001) book entitled Olive shells: The genus Oliva and the species problem came out, the classification of Oliva species has changed considerably, since a number of what were previously considered to be species are now considered to be only forms of a lot fewer species. This list does not yet reflect those changes.


Species within the genus Oliva include:[3][4][5]

subgenus Acutoliva

subgenus Annulatoliva

subgenus Cariboliva

subgenus Carmione

subgenus Miniaceoliva

subgenus Multiplicoliva

subgenus Musteloliva

subgenus Neocylindrus

subgenus Oliva

subgenus Omogymna

subgenus Rufoliva

subgenus Viduoliva

subgenus ?


  1. ^ Bruguière J. G. (1789). Ency. Méth. (Vers) (1) xv.
  2. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2012). Oliva Bruguière, 1789. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=205393 on 2012-04-04
  3. ^ ITIS
  4. ^ OBIS
  5. ^ Indo-Pacific Mollusk database
  6. ^ Sargent, D. M., Petuch, E. J. (2012). A new species of Oliva (Gastropoda: Olividae) from Mauritius, Mascarene Islands. Visaya 3 (5): 4-10.
  • “Olive shells: The genus Oliva and the species problem” by Bernard Tursch and Dietmar Greifeneder. L’Informatore Piceno, Italy and Bosque B. M. T., S. A., Costa Rica. pp. 1– 569 (including numerous b&w plates, text photographs, & drawings) + x + 48 color plates. 215 x 296 mm. Hard-bound. ISBN 88-86070-17-9, 2001 (In English)

External links[edit]