The olive-backed pipit (Anthus hodgsoni) is a small passerine bird of the pipit (Anthus) genus, which breeds across southern, north central and eastern Asia, as well as in the north-eastern European Russia. It is a long-distance migrant moving in winter to southern Asia and Indonesia. Sometimes it is also called Indian pipit or Hodgson's pipit, as well as tree pipit owing to its resemblance with the tree pipit. However, its back is more olive-toned and less streaked than that species, and its head pattern is different with a better-marked supercilium.
- Summer: from Himalayan Pakistan and India, westward through Nepal, into China, north to Gansu province, and eastwards through Korea to Japan, and north through north central Asia into north-eastern Europe (European Russia). Occasionally a rare vagrant in western Europe. Breeds up to 4500m in eastern Nepal.
- Winter: Broad southern region across Asia, from peninsular India, east to Southeast Asia and the Philippines.
- Habitat: Affects open country. Wintering in evergreen woodland, Summers in groves and wooded biotope.
- Size: Sparrow+ (ca. 15 cm)
- Appearance: Greenish brown streaked with darker brown above. Supercilium, double wingbar and outer rectrices whitish. Whitish to buff below streaked with dark brown on breast and flanks. Sexes alike.
- Habits: Seen singly or pairs. Runs about on the ground in search of food and flies up into trees when disturbed. Flight jerky and undulating.
- Call: Song lark-like and uttered on the wing, similar to the tree pipit, but faster and higher pitched. A single tseep or spek, also similar to the tree pipit.
- Food: Insects, grass and weed seeds.
- Food: Largely insects, but will also take seeds.
- Season: May to July.
- Nest: a cup of moss and grass placed on the ground under a tuft of grass or boulder. open woodland and scrub.
- Eggs: 3-5, usu. 4, dark brown, spotted darker. Usually two broods are raised.
The scientific name of this bird commemorates the British ornithologist Brian Houghton Hodgson.
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- BirdLife International (2012). "Anthus hodgsoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, United Kingdom: Christopher Helm. pp. 49, 193. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Ali, Salim; Sidney Dillon Ripley (2001) . Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan, 2nd ed.,10 vols (2nd ed.). New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Bird Number 1852, vol. 9, p. 247-249.