|Region||Far North Queensland, Cape York Peninsula|
|Source||Richardson Range, Great Dividing Range|
|⁃ location||in remote country|
|⁃ elevation||55 m (180 ft)|
|Mouth||Temple Bay, Coral Sea|
|north of Lockhart River|
|0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||70 km (43 mi)|
|Basin size||2,056 km2 (794 sq mi)|
The headwaters of the river rise in the Richardson Range, part of the Great Dividing Range, on the Cape York Peninsula. The river initially flows south-easterly and then veers north east and continues across the mostly uninhabited coastal plain and then white sand dunes eventually discharging into Temple Bay and the Coral Sea, north of Lockhart River. The river descends 55 metres (180 ft) over its 70-kilometre (43 mi) course.
The traditional owners of the area are the Wuthahti and Kuuku-ya’u peoples who maintain strong spiritual connections with their country. In 2009 the Federal Court granted native title rights over 1,980 square kilometres (760 sq mi) of land and waters north of the town of Lockhart River and north to the mouth of the Olive River, inclusive of part of the Forbes Islands National Park, the Quoin Island National Park and the Piper Islands National Park. The area was visited by HMS Paluma as part of a hydrographic survey conducted by the Admiralty in 1893 it is thought to either have been named after a mayor of Cooktown or the characteristic tea-coloured water in the river.
- "Map of Olive River, QLD". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Olive River drainage basin". WetlandInfo. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Kuuku Ya'u People's native title determination" (PDF). National Native Title Tribunal. Australian Government. 25 June 2009. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
- "Olive River". The Wilderness Society. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Olive River (entry 25313)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 August 2015.