Oliver County, North Dakota

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Oliver County, North Dakota
Cross Ranch State Park, North Dakota (5069906194).jpg
Map of North Dakota highlighting Oliver County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded14 April 1885 (created)
18 May 1885 (organized)
Named forHarry S. Oliver
SeatCenter
Largest cityCenter
Area
 • Total731 sq mi (1,893 km2)
 • Land723 sq mi (1,873 km2)
 • Water8.7 sq mi (23 km2), 1.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)1,940
 • Density2.68/sq mi (1.03/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5

Oliver County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,846,[1] making it the fifth-least populous county in North Dakota. Its county seat and only city is Center.[2]

History[edit]

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on 14 April 1885, with territory partitioned from Mercer County. It was named for Harry S. Oliver of Lisbon, North Dakota (1855-1909), a Republican politician and member of the Dakota Territory House of Representatives at the time. The county government was organized on 18 May, with Sanger (then known as "Bentley") as county seat. The seat was moved to Center in 1902.[3][4]

Oliver County is included in the Bismarck, ND Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

The northeastern/eastern boundary of Oliver County is delineated by the Missouri River as it flows southeastward after leaving Lake Sakakawea. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, mostly devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain slopes to the east, with the highest point a hill near its SW corner, at 2,382' (726m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 731 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 723 square miles (1,870 km2) is land and 8.7 square miles (23 km2) (1.2%) is water.[7] It is the fifth-smallest county in North Dakota by area.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Cross Ranch State Park

Lakes[5][edit]

  • Mandan Lake
  • Nelson Lake

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890464
1900990113.4%
19103,577261.3%
19204,42523.7%
19304,262−3.7%
19403,859−9.5%
19503,091−19.9%
19602,610−15.6%
19702,322−11.0%
19802,4957.5%
19902,381−4.6%
20002,065−13.3%
20101,846−10.6%
Est. 20171,940[8]5.1%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2017[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 2,065 people, 791 households, and 604 families in the county. The population density was 2.86/sqmi (1.10/km²). There were 903 housing units at an average density of 1.25/sqmi (0.48/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.58% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 1.26% Native American, 0.10% Asian, and 0.92% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 59.2% were of German, 13.6% Norwegian and 6.5% American ancestry.

There were 791 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.20% were married couples living together, 3.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 21.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05.

The county population contained 27.40% under the age of 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 30.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 107.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,650, and the median income for a family was $45,430. Males had a median income of $40,577 versus $19,015 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,271. About 11.20% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.60% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,846 people, 756 households, and 554 families in the county.[13] The population density was 2.55/sqmi (0.99/km²). There were 905 housing units at an average density of 1.25/sqmi (0.48/km²).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 97.3% white, 1.5% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 66.8% were German, 19.3% were Norwegian, 7.6% were Russian, 6.3% were English, and 4.4% were American.[15]

Of the 756 households, 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.7% were non-families, and 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 47.6 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $62,308 and the median income for a family was $75,069. Males had a median income of $60,592 versus $28,409 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,348. About 6.5% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 19.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Unincorporated communities[5][edit]

Politics[edit]

Oliver County voters are traditionally Republican. In only one national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 81.6% 830 11.7% 119 6.7% 68
2012 68.4% 693 27.7% 281 3.9% 39
2008 65.6% 682 31.9% 332 2.5% 26
2004 70.6% 790 27.7% 310 1.7% 19
2000 67.5% 709 23.2% 244 9.3% 98
1996 48.8% 499 32.6% 333 18.6% 190
1992 41.0% 503 24.9% 306 34.1% 419
1988 56.3% 696 42.5% 526 1.2% 15
1984 67.4% 915 30.9% 419 1.7% 23
1980 73.4% 966 20.5% 270 6.1% 80
1976 50.4% 575 46.4% 529 3.2% 36
1972 65.1% 669 28.5% 293 6.3% 65
1968 63.4% 616 27.7% 269 8.9% 86
1964 46.1% 469 53.9% 548
1960 58.7% 703 41.2% 494 0.1% 1
1956 73.0% 788 25.9% 279 1.1% 12
1952 87.8% 1,132 11.1% 143 1.1% 14
1948 67.8% 749 27.5% 304 4.6% 51
1944 76.8% 756 22.3% 219 0.9% 9
1940 83.6% 1,356 16.4% 266 0.1% 1
1936 29.8% 469 57.6% 906 12.6% 198
1932 20.6% 302 78.4% 1,152 1.0% 15
1928 51.7% 680 48.0% 631 0.4% 5
1924 32.2% 367 2.7% 31 65.1% 743
1920 85.9% 1,105 8.6% 111 5.5% 71
1916 47.8% 346 45.2% 327 7.0% 51
1912 22.7% 131 24.1% 139 53.3% 308
1908 62.5% 325 34.4% 179 3.1% 16
1904 81.4% 241 15.5% 46 3.0% 9
1900 58.8% 110 40.1% 75 1.1% 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  4. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d Oliver County ND Google Maps (accessed 26 February 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude/Oliver County ND" Google Maps (accessed 26 February 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 13 April 2018.

Coordinates: 47°07′N 101°21′W / 47.11°N 101.35°W / 47.11; -101.35