Oliver Hudson Kelley
Oliver Hudson Kelley (January 7, 1826 – January 20, 1913) is considered the "Father" of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry.
Kelley was born in Boston, moving to the Minnesota frontier in 1849, where he became a farmer. In 1864, he got a job as a clerk for the United States Bureau of Agriculture and traveled the Eastern and Southern United States following the American Civil War. He felt a great need to gather together farmers and their families to rebuild America as he once knew it, and thought an organization of fraternal strength would best serve the needs of the farm families.
As he traveled throughout the country, Kelley built partnerships that developed into the seven original founders of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry. On November 15, 1867, he laid the groundwork to build a new foundation for American agriculture through the organization of the Grange, of which he was the first secretary until he resigned in 1878.
The other founders of the Grange were William Saunders, Francis M. McDowell, John Trimble, Aaron B. Grosh, John R. Thompson, William M. Ireland, and Caroline A. Hall who was given founder status at a later date.
Kelley was inducted into the National Agricultural Center and Hall of Fame on October 27, 2006. The Oliver H. Kelley Homestead in Elk River, Minnesota is maintained by the Minnesota Historical Society as a living history farm with interpreters giving people a taste of what Oliver Kelley's life was like on the farm in the 1850s frontier.
- Atkeson, Thomas Clark (1916). Semi-Centennial History of the Patrons of Husbandry. Orange Judd Company. - See especially page 6 and pages 315 – 317.
- Kelley, Oliver Hudson (1875). Origin and Progress of the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry in the United States; A History from 1866 to 1873. Philadelphia: J. A. Wagenseller.
- Woods, Thomas A. (1991). Knights of the Plow: Oliver H. Kelley and the Origins of the Grange in Republican Ideology. Iowa State University Press.
- Spafford Area Historical Society
- The Founders of the Grange
- Minnesota Historical Society: Oliver H. Kelley Farm
- Friends of the Kelley Farm
- National Agricultural Center and Hall of Fame