Dr Oliver "Tuku" Mtukudzi
Oliver Mtukudzi and the Black Spirits
|Born||22 September 1952|
Highfield, Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia
(modern-day Harare, Zimbabwe)
|Died||23 January 2019 (aged 66)|
|Associated acts||Thomas Mapfumo, Simon Chimbetu, System Tazvida, Winky D, Hugh Masekela, Ringo Madlingozi, Jah Prayzah, Josh Meck, Suluman Chimbetu, Tryson Chimbetu|
Oliver "Tuku" Mtukudzi (22 September 1952 – 23 January 2019) was a Zimbabwean musician, businessman, philanthropist, human rights activist and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador for Southern Africa Region. Tuku was considered to have been Zimbabwe's most renowned and internationally recognised cultural icon of all time.
Mtukudzi grew up in Highfield, a poor neighborhood in Salisbury (modern-day Harare) in Southern Rhodesia, as the eldest of seven siblings. While both his parents sang in a choir, they were initially not supportive of his continued interest in music, consequently breaking his first homemade guitar.
He began performing in 1977 when he joined the Wagon Wheels, a band that also featured Thomas Mapfumo and fellow legendary guitarist James Chimombe. They were given the rare opportunity by Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo, an African nationalist and music promoter, who provided money and resources to the group. With the support of Mutanga, the prayers and blessings of Amai Mutanga, he allowed them to perform at Mutanga Restaurant & Night Club (Pungwe) which, at the time, was the first and only African licensed (obtained by Mkondo) night club available for blacks under Rhodesia's policy of segregation. Their single Dzandimomotera went gold and Tuku's first album followed, which was also a major success. Mtukudzi is also a contributor to Mahube, Southern Africa's "supergroup".
With his husky voice, Mtukudzi has become the most recognised voice to emerge from Zimbabwe and onto the international scene and he has earned a devoted following across Africa and beyond. A member of Zimbabwe's KoreKore group, with Nzou Samanyanga as his totem, he sings in the nation's dominant Shona language along with Ndebele and English. He also incorporates elements of different musical traditions, giving his music a distinctive style, known to fans as Tuku Music. Mtukudzi has had a number of tours around the world. He has been on several tours in the UK, US and Canada to perform for large audiences. In 2017 Mtukudzi entertained guests at the wedding of Zimbabwean businessman Wicknell Chivayo.
2003 - Oliver Mtukudzi founded Pakare Paye as an Arts Centre providing a performance platform for developing and fostering young talent in many practical artistic endeavours particularly music, dance, drama, poetry and storytelling. Pakare Paye developed the following artists who are well established in their own rights; Munyaradzi Mataruse (seasoned), upcoming and artists of the moment who also performed on the funeral of Dr Oliver Mtukudzi; Innocent "Answer" Kufakunesu and Ashford "Mbeu" Nyahora. Ashford is well established and went on to perform with Tuku's family in Cape Town South Africa at the Jazz Festival where Tuku used to be a regular. The Centre benefited from support from different organisations that included the Culture Fund in partnership with the Embassy of Sweden, Nyaradzo Group and many international organisations. One of the famous products of Pakare Paye includes Mtukudzi's own son Sam, who unfortunately passed on in a car accident in 2010. Sam was a composed musician who could play any instrument and could sing vocals as well. All these prominent students of Tuku perform Afrofusion music that combines jazz and traditional African music and has Tuku touch infused in them. The Centre is also frequented by schools that attend workshops on arts where students get an opportunity to learn that there are various aspects of the music industry they can learn. Some of the schools that visits the Centre regularly include Marlborough High, Mabelreign Girls High, Harare Girls High, Chiedza Primary, Tafara High, Mabvuku High and St Eric’s High, among others. Through Pakare Paye, young Zimbabweans have an opportunity to learn benefits and pitfalls of the music industry as they have the opportunity to interact with veterans in the industry. The Centre provides venues that can be used by musicians and communities for different events.
Mtukudzi is the father of five children and has two grandchildren. Two of his children are also musicians. His son Sam Mtukudzi, a successful musician in his own right, died in a car accident in March 2010 and in 2013, he released an album titled "Sarawoga", in tribute to his son.
Prior to the independence of Zimbabwe, Mtukudzi's music depicted the struggles under Rhodesian white minority rule. In subsequent years following Zimbabwean independence, his music has advocated for tolerance and peace and has frequently portrayed the struggles of women and children.
- 1978 Ndipeiwo Zano (re-released 2000)
- 1979 Chokwadi Chichabuda
- 1979 Muroi Ndiani?
- 1980 Africa (re-released 2000)
- 1981 Shanje
- 1981 Pfambi
- 1982 Maungira
- 1982 Please Ndapota
- 1983 Nzara
- 1983 Oliver's Greatest Hits
- 1984 Hwema Handirase
- 1985 Mhaka
- 1986 Gona
- 1986 Zvauya Sei?
- 1987 Wawona
- 1988 Nyanga Nyanga
- 1988 Strange, Isn't It?'
- 1988 Sugar Pie
- 1989 Grandpa Story
- 1990 Chikonzi
- 1990 Pss Pss Hallo!
- 1990 Shoko
- 1991 Mutorwa
- 1992 Rombe
- 1992 Rumbidzai Jehova
- 1992 Neria Soundtrack'
- 1993 Son of Africa
- 1994 Ziwere MuKobenhavn
- 1995 Was My Child
- 1996 Svovi yangu
- 1995 The Other Side: Live in Switzerland
- 1995 Ivai Navo
- 1997 Ndega Zvangu (re-released 2001)
- 1997 Chinhamwe
- 1998 Dzangu Dziye
- 1999 Tuku Music
- 2000 Paivepo
- 2001 Neria
- 2001 Bvuma (Tolerance)
- 2002 Shanda soundtrack
- 2002 Vhunze Moto
- 2003 Shanda (Alula Records)
- 2003 Tsivo (Revenge)
- 2004 Greatest Hits Tuku Years
- 2004 Mtukudzi Collection 1991–1997
- 2004 Mtukudzi Collection 1984–1991
- 2005 Nhava
- 2006 Wonai
- 2007 Tsimba Itsoka
- 2008 Dairai (Believe)
- 2010 Rudaviro
- 2010 Kutsi Kwemoyo (compilation)
- 2011 Rudaviro
- 2011 Abi'angu (Duets of My Time)
- 2012 Sarawoga — Sarawoga laments the losses that the legend has had to endure in his life, not least the loss of life. Thus he has been left 'alone' in a sense, hence the title Sarawoga (left alone).
- 2014 Mukombe Wemvura
- 2016 God Bless You - The Gospel Collection
- 2016 Eheka! Nhai Yahwe
- 2018 hany’a (Concern)
- 1996 The Rough Guide to the Music of Zimbabwe (World Music Network)
- 1999 Unwired: Acoustic Music from Around the World (World Music Network)
- 2000 Unwired: Africa (World Music Network)
- Jit (dir. Michael Raeburn, 1990)
- Neria (dir. Goodwin Mawuru, written by Tsitsi Dangarembga, 1993). Mtukudzi starred in the movie and made the soundtrack.
- Shanda (dir. John and Louise Riber, 2002, rev. 2004)
- Sarawoga, 2009, was written by Elias C. Machemedze, directed by Watson Chidzomba and produced by Oliver Mtukudzi, who also did the soundtrack for the film.
- 2012 Nzou NeMhuru Mudanga DVD, the live recording of a show, a theatrical performance which Tuku had with his son just weeks before his death.
- 1985–1988: One of The Best Selling Artists in Zimbabwe.
- KORA Award for Best Arrangement in 2002, for Ndakuwara.
- 2002: SAMA Finalist (Best Traditional/African Adult Contemporary DVD) Live at the Cape Town Jazz Festival.
- National Arts Merit Awards (NAMA) in 2002 and 2004 for Best Group / Male vocalist
- KORA Award for Best African male artist and Lifetime Achievement Award in August 2003.
- Reel Award Winner for Best African Language in 2003.
- An honorary degree from the University of Zimbabwe in December 2003
- NAMA Award 2003: Best Group/Artist.
- NAMA Award 2004: Best Group/Artist.
- NAMA Award 2005: National Arts Personality of the Year.
- NAMA Award 2006: Outstanding Album (NHAVA).
- 2006: ZIMA (Best Music Ringing Tone Handiro Dambudziko).
- 2006: ZIMA (Music Ambassador).
- NAMA Award 2007: Best Musician/Group.
- 2007:Cultural Ambassador – Zimbabwe Tourism Association.
- NAMA Award 2008: (Outstanding Musician).
- Honorary MSc (Fine Arts) Degree awarded by the Women's University in Africa in 2009.
- M-Net Best Soundtrack Award in 1992, for Neria
- 2010: MTN SAMA Awards recognised his son's achievements in music.
- 2010: University of Zimbabwe (UZ) and The International Council of Africana Womanism (ICAW) Award: recognition of his luminary role in uplifting African women through his artistic work – music and a diversity of art forms – offered as community development at his arts academy at Pakare Paye in Norton.
- 2011: Titled Zimbabwe's first UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador for Eastern and Southern Africa.
- 2011: Honoured by the Government of Italy with the prestigious Cavaliere of the Order of Merit Award in recognition of his work as an international musician. (The award is what the Knighthood is to England).
- 2014 Honorary Doctorate (PHD) International Institute of Philanthropy.
- 2014 Honorary Doctorate from Great Zimbabwe University (GZU). Doctor of Philosophy in Ethnomusicology & Choreography (Honoris Causa).
- "Oliver Mtukudzi - Pindula". pindula.co.zw. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- Mafundikwa, Ish (January 2012). "The Great Tuku: When It Comes to Music, No One Beats Oliver Mtukudzi in Zimbabwe". New African (513).
- "Oliver Mtukudzi and the Black Spirits, Zimbabwe Music Guide". Archived from the original on 28 August 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
- "Tuku serenades Chivayo's marriage ceremony guests". The Herald. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
- "Zimbabwean music legend Oliver Mtukudzi has died". CNN. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
- "Sam Mtukudzi dies in car crash". Newzimbabwe.com. 15 March 2010. Archived from the original on 17 March 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
- "Oliver Mtukudzi's son dies in car crash". Times LIVE. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
- "Mtukudzi buried in his home village". 27 January 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
- "Oliver Mtukudzi and his 'talking guitar' was our gift from Zimbabwe to the world". Quartz Africa.
- "Music legend Oliver Mtukudzi's guitar strums silenced in diabetes battle". Nairobi News. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- "Tuku debuts double album on UK tour". New Zimbabwe. 13 July 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Review of Shanda movie at Dandamutande[permanent dead link]
- "Mtukudzi, Ringo expected for UK concerts". New Zimbabwe.com. 11 October 2006. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
- Oliver Mtukudzi:Biography, Sheer Sound[permanent dead link]