Oliver Mtukudzi

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Dr Oliver "Tuku" Mtukudzi
Tuku.JPG
Oliver Mtukudzi and the Black Spirits
Background information
Born(1952-09-22)22 September 1952
Highfield, Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia
(modern-day Harare, Zimbabwe)
OriginZimbabwe
Died23 January 2019(2019-01-23) (aged 66)
Harare, Zimbabwe
GenresAfro Jazz
InstrumentsGuitars
Years active1977-2019
Associated actsThomas Mapfumo, Simon Chimbetu, System Tazvida, Winky D, Hugh Masekela Ringo Jah Prayzah
Websitetukutribute.com

Oliver "Tuku" Mtukudzi (22 September 1952 – 23 January 2019) was a Zimbabwean musician, businessman, philanthropist, human rights activist and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador for Southern Africa Region. Tuku was considered to have been Zimbabwe's most renowned and internationally recognised cultural icon of all time.

Biography[edit]

Mtukudzi grew up in Highfield, a poor neighborhood in Salisbury (modern-day Harare) in Southern Rhodesia, as the eldest of seven siblings[1]. While both his parents sang in a choir, they were initially not supportive of his continued interest in music, consequently breaking his first homemade guitar.[2]

He began performing in 1977 when he joined the Wagon Wheels, a band that also featured Thomas Mapfumo and fellow legendary guitarist James Chimombe. They were given the rare opportunity by Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo, an African nationalist and music promoter, who provided money and resources to the group. With the support of Mutanga, the prayers and blessings of Amai Mutanga, he allowed them to perform at Mutanga Restaurant & Night Club (Pungwe) which, at the time, was the first and only African licensed (obtained by Mkondo) night club available for blacks under Rhodesia's policy of segregation. Their single Dzandimomotera went gold and Tuku's first album followed, which was also a major success. Mtukudzi is also a contributor to Mahube, Southern Africa's "supergroup".[3]

With his husky voice, Mtukudzi has become the most recognised voice to emerge from Zimbabwe and onto the international scene and he has earned a devoted following across Africa and beyond. A member of Zimbabwe's KoreKore group, with Nzou Samanyanga as his totem, he sings in the nation's dominant Shona language along with Ndebele and English. He also incorporates elements of different musical traditions, giving his music a distinctive style, known to fans as Tuku Music. Mtukudzi has had a number of tours around the world. He has been on several tours in the UK, US and Canada to perform for large audiences. In 2017 Mtukudzi entertained guests at the wedding of Zimbabwean businessman Wicknell Chivayo.[4]

Mtukudzi is the father of five children and has two grandchildren. Two of his children are also musicians. His son Sam Mtukudzi, a successful musician in his own right, died in a car accident in March 2010 and in 2013, he released an album titled "Sarawoga", in tribute to his son.[5][6][7]

Social commentary[edit]

Prior to the independence of Zimbabwe, Mtukudzi's music depicted the struggles under Rhodesian white minority rule.[8] In subsequent years following Zimbabwean independence, his music has advocated for tolerance and peace and has frequently portrayed the struggles of women and children.[9]

Death[edit]

On 23 January 2019, Mtukudzi died at the age of 66 at Avenues Clinic in Harare, Zimbabwe after a long battle with Diabetes.[10]

Discography[edit]

  1. 1978 Ndipeiwo Zano (re-released 2000)
  2. 1979 Chokwadi Chichabuda
  3. 1979 Muroi Ndiani?
  4. 1980 Africa (re-released 2000)
  5. 1981 Shanje
  6. 1981 Pfambi
  7. 1982 Maungira
  8. 1982 Please Ndapota
  9. 1983 Nzara
  10. 1983 Oliver's Greatest Hits
  11. 1984 Hwema Handirase
  12. 1985 Mhaka
  13. 1986 Gona
  14. 1986 Zvauya Sei?
  15. 1987 Wawona
  16. 1988 Nyanga Nyanga
  17. 1988 Strange, Isn't It?'
  18. 1988 Sugar Pie
  19. 1989 Grandpa Story
  20. 1990 Chikonzi
  21. 1990 Pss Pss Hallo!
  22. 1990 Shoko
  23. 1991 Mutorwa
  24. 1992 Rombe
  25. 1992 Rumbidzai Jehova
  26. 1992 Neria Soundtrack'
  27. 1993 Son of Africa
  28. 1994 Ziwere MuKobenhavn
  29. 1995 Was My Child
  30. 1996 Svovi yangu
  31. 1995 The Other Side: Live in Switzerland
  32. 1995 Ivai Navo
  33. 1997 Ndega Zvangu (re-released 2001)
  34. 1997 Chinhamwe
  35. 1998 Dzangu Dziye
  36. 1999 Tuku Music
  37. 2000 Paivepo
  38. 2001 Neria
  39. 2001 Bvuma (Accept)
  40. 2002 Shanda soundtrack
  41. 2002 Vhunze Moto
  42. 2003 Shanda (Alula Records)
  43. 2003 Tsivo (Revenge)
  44. 2004 Greatest Hits Tuku Years
  45. 2004 Mtukudzi Collection 1991–1997
  46. 2004 Mtukudzi Collection 1984–1991
  47. 2005 Nhava (Tolerance)
  48. 2006 Wonai
  49. 2007 Tsimba Itsoka
  50. 2008 Dairai (Believe)
  51. 2010 Rudaviro
  52. 2010 Kutsi Kwemoyo (compilation)[11]
  53. 2011 Rudaviro
  54. 2011 Abi'angu (Duets of My Time)
  55. 2012 Sarawoga — Sarawoga laments the losses that the legend has had to endure in his life, not least the loss of life. Thus he has been left 'alone' in a sense, hence the title Sarawoga (left alone).
  56. 2014 Mukombe Wemvura
  57. 2016 God Bless You - The Gospel Collection
  58. 2016 Eheka! Nhai Yahwe
  59. 2018 hany’a (Concern)

Contributing artist[edit]

  1. 1996 The Rough Guide to the Music of Zimbabwe (World Music Network)
  2. 1999 Unwired: Acoustic Music from Around the World (World Music Network)
  3. 2000 Unwired: Africa (World Music Network)

Filmography[edit]

  • Jit (dir. Michael Raeburn, 1990)
  • Neria (dir. Goodwin Mawuru, written by Tsitsi Dangarembga, 1993). Mtukudzi starred in the movie and made the soundtrack.
  • Shanda (dir. John and Louise Riber, 2002, rev. 2004)[12]
  • Sarawoga, 2009, was written by Elias C. Machemedze, directed by Watson Chidzomba and produced by Oliver Mtukudzi, who also did the soundtrack for the film.
  • 2012 Nzou NeMhuru Mudanga DVD, the live recording of a show, a theatrical performance which Tuku had with his son just weeks before his death.

Awards[edit]

  • 1985–1988: One of The Best Selling Artists in Zimbabwe.
  • KORA Award for Best Arrangement in 2002, for Ndakuwara.
  • 2002: SAMA Finalist (Best Traditional/African Adult Contemporary DVD) Live at the Cape Town Jazz Festival.
  • National Arts Merit Awards (NAMA) in 2002 and 2004 for Best Group / Male vocalist
  • KORA Award for Best African male artist and Lifetime Achievement Award in August 2003.
  • Reel Award Winner for Best African Language in 2003.
  • An honorary degree from the University of Zimbabwe in December 2003[13]
  • NAMA Award 2003: Best Group/Artist.
  • NAMA Award 2004: Best Group/Artist.
  • NAMA Award 2005: National Arts Personality of the Year.
  • NAMA Award 2006: Outstanding Album (NHAVA).
  • 2006: ZIMA (Best Music Ringing Tone Handiro Dambudziko).
  • 2006: ZIMA (Music Ambassador).
  • NAMA Award 2007: Best Musician/Group.
  • 2007:Cultural Ambassador – Zimbabwe Tourism Association.
  • NAMA Award 2008: (Outstanding Musician).
  • Honorary MSc (Fine Arts) Degree awarded by the Women's University in Africa in 2009.
  • M-Net Best Soundtrack Award in 1992, for Neria[14]
  • 2010: MTN SAMA Awards recognised his son's achievements in music.
  • 2010: University of Zimbabwe (UZ) and The International Council of Africana Womanism (ICAW) Award: recognition of his luminary role in uplifting African women through his artistic work – music and a diversity of art forms – offered as community development at his arts academy at Pakare Paye in Norton.
  • 2011: Titled Zimbabwe's first UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador for Eastern and Southern Africa.
  • 2011: Honoured by the Government of Italy with the prestigious Cavaliere of the Order of Merit Award in recognition of his work as an international musician. (The award is what the Knighthood is to England).
  • 2014 Honorary Doctorate (PHD) International Institute of Philanthropy.
  • 2014 Honorary Doctorate from Great Zimbabwe University (GZU). Doctor of Philosophy in Ethnomusicology & Choreography (Honoris Causa).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oliver Mtukudzi - Pindula". pindula.co.zw. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  2. ^ Mafundikwa, Ish (January 2012). "The great Tuku: when it comes to music, no one beats oliver Mtukudzi in Zimbabwe. He is not only a household name, he is a philanthropist to boot. And he wants his arts centre in Norton to inspire and develop future stars, reports ish Mafundikwa". New African. 513: 88 – via Gale Academic Onefile.
  3. ^ "Oliver Mtukudzi and the Black Spirits, Zimbabwe Music Guide". Archived from the original on 28 August 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
  4. ^ "Tuku serenades Chivayo's marriage ceremony guests". The Herald. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Zimbabwean music legend Oliver Mtukudzi has died". CNN. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Sam Mtukudzi dies in car crash". Newzimbabwe.com. 15 March 2010. Archived from the original on 17 March 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Oliver Mtukudzi's son dies in car crash". Times LIVE. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  8. ^ "Mtukudzi buried in his home village". 27 January 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  9. ^ Hare, Willie Chinyamurindi, University of Fort; Hare, Willie Chinyamurindi, University of Fort. [https://qz.com/africa/1534462/oliver-mtukudzi-was-our-gift-from-zimbabwe-to-the-world/ "Oliver Mtukudzi and his “talking guitar� was our gift from Zimbabwe to the world"]. Quartz Africa. Retrieved 29 January 2019. replacement character in |title= at position 44 (help)
  10. ^ "Music legend Oliver Mtukudzi's guitar strums silenced in diabetes battle". Nairobi News. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Tuku debuts double album on UK tour". New Zimbabwe. 13 July 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  12. ^ Review of Shanda movie at Dandamutande[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Mtukudzi, Ringo expected for UK concerts". New Zimbabwe.com. 11 October 2006. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  14. ^ Oliver Mtukudzi:Biography, Sheer Sound[permanent dead link]