|Comune di Oliveto Citra|
Comune location in the Province of Salerno
|Frazioni||Casale, Dogana, Ponte Oliveto, Serroni|
|• Total||31.62 km2 (12.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||300 m (1,000 ft)|
|Population (1 April 2016)|
|• Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||San Macario Abate|
|Saint day||24 May|
Oliveto Citra (Campanian: 'U Luit) is a town and comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. It is located 55 kilometres (34 mi) by road northeast of Salerno. As of 2016, the comune had 3,802 inhabitants and covered an area of 31.62 square kilometres (12.21 sq mi).
Archaeological discoveries in the vicinity have unearthed artifacts dating as far back as the 6th century B.C. The castle of Oliveto was first mentioned in documents in 1114, when Santa Maria de Foris, in the hamlet of Oliveto, was given to the archbishop of Conza by Count Quaimario Giffoni. Later that century, the manor was owned by the French Norman, William of toille (Tuilla). Until the Risorgimento, the castle was the seat of feudal lords and local barons.
On May 24, 1985 it is alleged that the Blessed Virgin Mary made an appearance in Oliveto Citra, holding a baby. Over 100 villagers signed statements confessing to seeing the apparition. According to cultural anthropologist Paolo Apolito, these visitations are controversial and have not yet been approved by the Roman Catholic Church.
Oliveto Citra is situated 55 kilometres (34 mi) by road northeast of Salerno. The comune contains the following frazioni: Casale (pop. 92), Dogana (pop. 40), Ponte Oliveto (pop. 8) and Serroni (pop. 85). The principal road is the Strada statale 691 Fondo Valle Sele (SS 691). That and the Sele River pass the town on the eastern side. There is a natural area in the comune known as "Piano di Canale". The large, heavily forested Parco Regionale Dei Monti Picentini is in the northwest. There is an industrial estate, Zona Industriale Staglioni, to the north of the town, near the village of Dogana.
The commune contains an 11–12th century castle, Castello Guerritore. An old stone pathway leads up to the castle from the Piazza Garibaldi square. The main churches are Chiesa di Santa Maria della Misericordia (1775), Chiesa Madonna delle Grazie (1497)  and Santuario Madonna della Consolazione (17th century).
The majority of the population are Catholic. The municipality belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno, within the Santa Maria della Misericordia parish. There is also a Protestant community; the CCEVAS Pentecostal Church has been present since about 1950.
- Vincenzo Indelli (1908–2000), politician
- "Oliveto Citra" (in Italian). Tuttitalia.it. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Il Castello di Oliveto Citra" (in Italian). Comune du Oliveto Citra. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Oliveto Citra, Italy: Apparitions of Our Lady". The Catholic Travel Guide. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Paolo Apolito, Apparitions of the Madonna at Oliveto Citra: Local Visions and Cosmic Drama. Pennsylvania State University Press, 1998.
- Google (4 January 2017). "Oliveto Citra" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Piano di Canale" (in Italian). Lasat.it. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Chiesa di Santa Maria della Misericordia" (in Italian). Comune du Oliveto Citra. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Chiesa di Santa Maria della MisericordiaIl Castello di Oliveto Citra" (in Italian). Comune du Oliveto Citra. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Santuario Madonna della Consolazione" (in Italian). Comune du Oliveto Citra. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Arcidiocesi". Arcidiocesi Salerno – Campagna – Acerno. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Official site (in Italian)
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