Olivo Vilhelm Eduard Oscar Krause (2 July 1857 Copenhagen, Denmark – 20 July 1927) was a Danish oboist and composer who had studied under Edmund Neupert and Agnes Adler. A member of the Royal Danish Orchestra from 1882, he became first soloist in 1893 when he also played as a soloist at the Bayreuth Festival. In 1915, he founded and played in the Olivo Krause Ensemble. Among his compositions are the opera Popoff (1912), Sonata for Violin and Piano as well as songs and piano pieces. It was for Olivo Krause that Carl Nielsen wrote the two works for oboe and piano known as Fantasy Pieces for Oboe and Piano (1890).
Married to Helga Nathalie Neubert, he had a daughter, Nathalie Krause (1884–1953), a Danish actress who featured in a number of early films.
- "Olivo Krause". komponistforeningen.dk (in Danish). 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
- "Olivo Krause". den store danske.dk (in Danish). 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
- "Store Nordiske Konversations Leksikon", Bind 13, 1920.
- Lisbeth Ahlgren Jensen, "Fantasy Pieces for Oboe and Piano, Opus 2", Chamber Music 2, Carl Nielsen Edition, Royal Danish Library.
- "Kraks blaa bog", Krak, Copenhagen, 1923
- "Victor Borge", Comedian Profile. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- http://www.danskefilm.dk/index2.html "Nathalie Krause", Den Danske film data base. (Danish) Retrieved 13 November 2010.
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