There were several logging camps near Olney, many originally only accessible by boat up the Youngs River or by Albert S. Kerry's Columbia and Nehalem River Railroad. In 1910, the Western Cooperage Company camp was established in Olney. It was run by the Tidewater Timber Company from 1923 to 1943. Western Cooperage provided company housing for its workers and in 1915 the population was 50, which was near its maximum. Olney post office was established in 1875 and ran until 1950. Today Olney still has a general store.
- "Olney". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved 2010-01-15.
- McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) . Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 721. ISBN 978-0875952772.
- Friedman, Ralph (1990). In Search of Western Oregon (2nd ed.). Caldwell, Idaho: The Caxton Printers, Ltd. p. 142. ISBN 0-87004-332-3.
- Carlson, Linda (2003). Company Towns of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 164, 230. ISBN 0-295-98332-9.
- Churchill, Sam. Big Sam. Garden City, N.Y.:Doubleday & Co., 1965. A reminiscence of growing up in the Western Cooperage camp at Olney.
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