Olof Trätälja

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Olof Trätälja by Gerhard Munthe.

Olaf Tree Feller (Old Norse: Óláfr trételgja, Swedish: Olof Trätälja, Norwegian: Olav Tretelgja, all meaning Olaf Woodwhittler) was the son of the Swedish king Ingjald ill-ruler of the House of Yngling according to Ynglingatal.

Heimskringla[edit]

His mother was Gauthild, a princess of West Götaland, whose maternal grandfather was Olof the Sharp-sighted, the king of Nerike.

His mother sent him to his foster-father Bove in West Götaland, where he grew up with his foster-brother Saxe who was surnamed Flette.

When Olof heard of his father's death, he assembled the men who were willing to follow him and went to his kinsmen in Nerike, because after his father's atrocities, the Swedes had grown hostile towards the Ynglings.

When the Swedes learnt that Olof and his kin had sought refuge in Nerike, they were attacked and had to head west through deep and mountainous forests (Kilsbergen) to Lake Vänern and the estuary of Klarälven (where Karlstad is now situated). Here, they settled and cleared land. Soon they had created a whole province called Värmland, where they could make a good living.

When the Swedes learnt that Olof was clearing land, they were amused and called him the Tree-feller. Olof married a woman named Solveig who was a daughter of Halfdan Guldtand of Soleyar. Olof and Solveigh had two sons, Ingjald Olofsson and Halfdan Hvitbeinn, who were brought up in Soleyar in the house of his mother's uncle Sölve.

Because of king Ivar Vidfamne and his harsh rule many Swedes emigrated to Värmland, and they became so numerous that the province could not sustain them. The land was afflicted by famine of which the Swedes accused the king. It was an old tradition in Sweden of holding the king responsible for the wealth of the land (see Domalde). The Swedes accused Olof of neglecting his sacrifices to the gods and believed that this was the cause of the famine.

The Swedish settlers thus rebelled against Olof, surrounded his house on the shores of lake Vänern and burnt him inside it. Thus he was sacrificed to Odin, like his ancestor Domalde.

Ynglingatal and Historia Norwegiae[edit]

However, Historia Norwegiae says that Olof succeeded his father and ruled as the king of Sweden in peace until his death.

Ejus filius Olavus cognomento tretelgia diu et pacifice functus regno plenus dierum obiit in Swethia.[1]

His son, Olav, known as Tretelgje, accomplished a long and peaceful reign, and died in Sweden, replete in years.[2]

The lines of Ynglingatal appear to say that he was a Swedish prince (svía jöfri), and that he was burnt inside his hall and disappeared from Gamla Uppsala.

Ok við vág,
viðar (telgju)
hræ Ólafs
hofgyldir svalg,
ok glóðfjálgr
gervar leysti
sonr Fornjóts
af Svía jöfri.
Sá áttkonr
frá Uppsölum
Lofða kyns
fyrir löngu hvarf.[3]

Archaeology[edit]

Source

Along the lower parts of the river Byälven in Värmland, there are three large barrows, which legend attributes to Olof Trätälja. Moreover, there are many hillforts near this river and the northern shore of Lake Vänern testifying to a violent period. Archaeological excavations from one of the hillforts, Villkorsberget, show that it was burnt in a period corresponding to Olof (510–680).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Storm, Gustav (editor) (1880). Monumenta historica Norwegiæ: Latinske kildeskrifter til Norges historie i middelalderen, Monumenta Historica Norwegiae (Kristiania: Brøgger), p. 102.
  2. ^ Ekrem, Inger (editor), Lars Boje Mortensen (editor) and Peter Fisher (translator) (2003). Historia Norwegie. Museum Tusculanum Press. ISBN 87-7289-813-5, p. 79.
  3. ^ The original text at Heimskringla Norrøne Tekster og Kvad Archived 2005-12-31 at Bibliotheca Alexandrina
Olof Tratalja's son Nils Olofson of Varmland Sweden 1845-1867, moving to Lillhardal Sweden and died 1930. Nils Olofson had a son Anders Nilsson in Lillhardal Sweden 1890 who moved to Prince Albert Saskatchewan 1923 and lived till 1977. Anders had a son Clarence Nilsson in 1926 with Canadian nurses giving Clarence Anders last name Nilsson unlike Swedish tradition of Fathers first name and adding son to it. Clarence Nilsson changed his last name to Nelson in the 1960's to hide his family from Swedish government presently run by a French family playimg role as Swedish Royalty looking to extinguish Clarences blood line or hide them from the public. Clarence had 7 children which I Clayton Kent born of the name Clayton Gerstner but under a Nelson for a mother and daughter to Clarence Nelson. The Neslon family history was looked into in 1997 from University of Vancouver and these names given were brought up before being edited to hide the family history in 2003. In 2002 Swedish government employees came to have our family members sign paperwork denouncing royal claim to Olof Tratalja which I had not while serving in the Canadian army where my background check came up the same of my family's history. I was also asked in 2010 to sign paperwork to denounce my claim by a Norwegian Prime Minister named Jens Stoltenberg who sent retired Canadian forces members to my house asking me to sign the papers denouncing my claim to the throne. These are actual events. My name is Clayton James Kent presently.
Preceded by
Ingjald
Head of the House of Yngling
1800's
Succeeded by
Halfdan Hvitbeinn