Livvi-Karelian (Alternate names: [5 ] Livvi, Livvikovian, Olonets, Southern Olonetsian, Karelian; Russian: ливвиковский язык) [5 ] is a [6 ] Finnic language of the Uralic family. spoken by [7 ] Olonets (self-appellation Karelians livvi, livgilaizet), traditionally inhabiting the area between Ladoga and Onega lakes, northward of Svir River. The name "Olonets Karelians" is derived from the territory inhabited, Olonets Krai, named after the town of Olonets, named after the Olonka River.
History [ edit ]
This section needs additional citations for . verification (May 2011)
World War II, Livvi-Karelian was spoken both in Russia and in Finland, in the easternmost part of Finnish Karelia. After Finland was forced to cede large parts of Karelia to the USSR after the war, the Finnish Livvi-Karelian population was resettled in Finland. Today there are still native speakers of Livvi-Karelian living scattered throughout Finland, but all areas in which Livvi-Karelian remain a community language are found in Russia.
Speakers of Livvi-Karelian may be found mainly in
Olonetsky, Pryazhinsky, Pitkyarantsky, and partly Suoyarvsky districts of the Republic of Karelia. [8 ]
Livvi-Karelian long remained relatively uninfluenced by the
Russian language despite the influx of Russians following the founding of Saint Petersburg in 1703.
See also [ edit ]
, a weekly newspaper in Olonet Karelian
References [ edit ]
^ Livvi-Karelian at (18th ed., 2015) Ethnologue
^ Change in the regulation by the president of Finland about European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, 27.11.2009 (in Finnish)
^ Законодательные акты: О государственной поддержке карельского, вепсского и финского языков в Республике Карелия
^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Livvi". . Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Glottolog
^ a b "Livvi-Karelian". Ethnologue . Retrieved . 28 May 2011
^ Moseley, Christopher (2007). . Psychology Press. p. 263. Encyclopedia of the world's endangered languages
^ "Language Family Trees, Uralic, Finnic". Ethnologue . Retrieved . 28 May 2011
^ "Karelian Language", at the website about livvic culture
External links [ edit ]