Olt (river)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Olt
Olt East Karpatien.jpg
The Avrig reservoir on the Olt
Raul Olt.png
Location
CountryRomania
CountiesHarghita, Covasna, Brașov, Sibiu,
Vâlcea, Olt, Teleorman
CitiesSfântu Gheorghe, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Slatina
Physical characteristics
SourceHășmaș Mountains
 ⁃ locationBălan, Harghita
 ⁃ elevation1,440 m (4,720 ft)
MouthDanube
 ⁃ location
near Turnu Măgurele
 ⁃ coordinates
43°42′46″N 24°48′1″E / 43.71278°N 24.80028°E / 43.71278; 24.80028Coordinates: 43°42′46″N 24°48′1″E / 43.71278°N 24.80028°E / 43.71278; 24.80028
Length615 km (382 mi)
Basin size24,050 km2 (9,290 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ location*
 ⁃ average190 m3/s (6,700 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDanubeBlack Sea
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftRâul Negru, Bârsa, Topolog
 ⁃ rightCormoș, Cibin, Lotru, Olteț
Official River CodeVIII.1

The Olt (Romanian and Hungarian; German: Alt; Latin: Aluta or Alutus, Turkish: Oltu, Ancient Greek: Ἄλυτος Alytos) is a river in Romania. It is 615 km (382 mi) long, and its basin area is 24,050 km2 (9,290 sq mi).[1] It is the longest river flowing exclusively through Romania. Its source is in the Hășmaș Mountains of the eastern Carpathian Mountains, near Bălan, rising close to the headwaters of the river Mureș. It flows through the Romanian counties Harghita, Covasna, Brașov, Sibiu, Vâlcea and Olt. The river was known as Alutus or Aluta in Roman antiquity. Olt County and the historical province of Oltenia are named after the river.

Sfântu Gheorghe, Râmnicu Vâlcea and Slatina are the main cities on the river Olt. The Olt flows into the Danube river near Turnu Măgurele.

Towns and villages[edit]

Crossing the Olt river, 1869 watercolor by Amedeo Preziosi

The following towns and villages are situated along the river Olt, from source to mouth (incomplete list): Bălan, Sândominic, Miercurea Ciuc, Sfântu Gheorghe, Făgăraș, Brezoi, Călimănești, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Drăgășani, Slatina, Drăgănești-Olt.

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries of the river Olt (from source to mouth):

Dams on the Olt River[edit]

Avrig, Voila, Robesti, Viștea, Arpașu, Scoreiu, Cornetu, Gura Lotrului, Turnu, Călimănești, Dăești, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Râureni, Govora, Băbeni, Ionești, Zăvideni, Drăgășani, Strejești, Arcești, Slatina, Ipotești, Drăgănești, Frunzaru, Rusănești, Izbiceni, Islaz

Clickable map of the (ro:Defileul Oltului)/(en:Olt Defile) drainage basin[edit]

Lotrioara drainage basinMegieşul & Pleaşa drainages basinsMărul & Strâmba drainages basinsFratelui & Boul drainages basinsVadul drainage basinVlad/Stupina/Valea Largă/Scaunelor drainage basinCurpănul & Coţii drainage basinBoia drainage basinUria and Robeşti drainage basinCălineşti under constructionSecu drainage basinBăiaşu drainage basinLotrişor under constructionBrădişor LakeVidra LakeLatoriţa drainage basinLotru under constructionRomâniaCindrel MountainsFăgăraş MountainsCozia MassifCăpăţânii MountainsParâng MountainsŞureanu MountainsLotrului Mountains
Interactive map of the Olt Defile drainage basin. (Click on the desired quadrant.)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Trasee turistice - județul Olt [1]
  • Trasee turistice - județul Vâlcea [2]