Olt County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Olt County
Județul Olt
Coat of arms of Olt County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Olt county highlighted
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Vest
Historical region Wallachia
Capital Slatina
 • Total 5,498 km2 (2,123 sq mi)
Area rank 22nd
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 415,530
 • Rank 19th
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 249 or (+40) 349[2]
ISO 3166 code RO-OT
Website County Council

Olt (Romanian pronunciation: [olt]) is a county (județ) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in the historical regions of Oltenia and Muntenia (the regions are separated by the Olt river). The capital city is Slatina.


In 2011, it had a population of 415,530 and the population density was 75.57/km².

Year County population[4]
1948 442,442
1956 Increase 458,982
1966 Increase 476,513
1977 Increase 518,804
1992 Increase 520,966
2002 Decrease 489,274
2011 Decrease 415,530

The county is a mainly rural one, with over 60% of the population living in villages.


This county has a total area of 5,498 km².

The county lies in a flat area on the Western part of the Romanian Plain. It is crossed by rivers from North to South, the main one - the Olt River giving the county its name. The Danube forms a wide valley in the South, with lots of ponds and small channels, which are flooded from time to time.



The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Metallurgy - aluminium and aluminium components.
  • Railway equipment.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county - over 58% of the population having agriculture as their main occupation. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale, vegetables and fruits, are practiced. The area is well suited for irrigations.


The main destinations for tourists are:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Danube at Corabia

Olt County has 2 municipalities, 6 towns and 104 communes:

  • Municipalities


  1. ^ http://www.prefecturaolt.ro/comunicate/2012/recensamant/pop/rezultate.02.02.2012.pdf
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°26′00″N 24°22′00″E / 44.4333°N 24.3667°E / 44.4333; 24.3667