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Oltcit S.A.
TypeJoint venture
IndustryAutomotive industry
FateChange of ownership
OwnerRomanian state (64%)
Citroën (36%)

Oltcit S.A. (Romanian: [oltˈsit]) was an automobile manufacturer, established as a joint venture between the Romanian government (64%) and Citroën (36%).[1] Their main products were the Oltcit Club and Citroën Axel hatchbacks, assembled in Craiova, Romania.


Oltcit emerged as a result of a partnership between the Romanian state authorities (government) and the French car manufacturer Citroën. Thus, a year later, in 1977, in Craiova, the construction of a modern factory for the construction of a small car began.

In 1979, at the EREN exhibition in Bucharest, the "National Economy Achievements Exhibition", the new Oltcit car brand was officially launched, which had two variants: a 652 cc and 36 HP engine and a 1130 cc and 56 HP engine. The new Oltcit cars were to be mass-produced from 1980.

Four versions were produced at the factory:

Production continues under the name of Oltcit until 1991, when the name was changed to Oltena (the logo was also changed) because Citroën decided to withdraw from the joint venture. The production of those versions continued until the signing of the contract with Daewoo, when another name change took place, from Oltena to Rodae.

In 1991, as a result of the withdrawal of Citroën from the joint venture, the name of the company was changed to S.C. Automobile Craiova S.A. and production continued under the Oltena brand.[2][3]

In 1994, a joint venture (49%-51%) was established between the Korean company Daewoo Heavy Industries and S.C. Automobile Craiova S.A., called Rodae, later renamed Daewoo Automobile Romania.[4]

In 2008, Ford of Europe, a division of Ford Motor Company, took over the former Oltcit/Daewoo factory, which became known as Ford Romania.[5]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ford-Romanian Expansion" (PDF). Ford Motor Company. 5 May 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
  2. ^ Business operations report: Central Asia Economist Intelligence Unit (Great Britain) - 1999. "Daewoo Automobile Craiova The Oltcit legacy — Romania's other producer of passenger cars also derives from communist-era co-operation with a French carmaker, in this case Citroën, which in 1976 formed a joint venture in Craiova in the...".
  3. ^ Istvan Oliver Egresi, Geographical dynamics of FDI in Romania - Page 214. The University of Oklahoma, Department of Geography - 2008. "Automobile Craiova/Daewoo The story of Automobile Craiova begins in 1977 when the Romanian government contacted Citroën to establish a joint venture137 to manufacture a certain model of Citroën 138 renamed Oltcit 139."
  4. ^ "Automobile Romanesti - Oltcit -".
  5. ^ "Ford - Romanian Expansion" (PDF). Ford Motor Company. 5 May 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.

External links[edit]

Media related to Oltcit at Wikimedia Commons