Oltenița

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Oltenița
City center
City center
Coat of arms of Oltenița
Location of Oltenița within Călărași County
Location of Oltenița within Călărași County
Oltenița is located in Romania
Oltenița
Oltenița
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 44°05′12″N 26°38′12″E / 44.08667°N 26.63667°E / 44.08667; 26.63667Coordinates: 44°05′12″N 26°38′12″E / 44.08667°N 26.63667°E / 44.08667; 26.63667
CountryRomania
CountyCălărași
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Costinel Milescu[1] (PNL)
Area
109.55 km2 (42.30 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
24,822
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
915400
Area code(+40) 02 42
Vehicle reg.CL
Websiteprimariaoltenita.ro

Oltenița (Romanian pronunciation: [olˈtenitsa]) is a city in Călărași County, Muntenia, Romania, on the left bank of the river Argeș, where its waters flow into the Danube.

Geography[edit]

The city is located in the southwestern part of the county; it stands across the Danube from the Bulgarian city of Tutrakan.

The national road DN4 connects Oltenița to Bucharest, 64 km (40 mi) to the northwest. Road DN31 [ro] connects it to the county seat, Călărași, 69 km (43 mi) to the east, and road DN41 [ro] connects it to Giurgiu, 76 km (47 mi) to the west.

The Oltenița train station, located near the intersection of those three roads, serves the CFR Line 801, which connects the city to Bucharest (Titan Sud and Obor stations).

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1900 5,801—    
1912 6,574+13.3%
1930 10,389+58.0%
1948 10,284−1.0%
1956 14,111+37.2%
1966 18,623+32.0%
1977 24,414+31.1%
1992 31,821+30.3%
2002 31,434−1.2%
2011 24,822−21.0%
Source: Census data

History[edit]

Excavations on Gumelnița hill near the city revealed a Neolithic settlement dating from the 4th millennium BC.

The first mention of a town bearing the name Oltenița appears in 1515 during the reign of Neagoe Basarab.[3]

In November 1853, at the start of the Crimean War the Ottoman forces attempted to cross the river at this point and inflicted heavy losses on the Russian forces at the Battle of Oltenița.

During the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878, Oltenița was an important crossing point into Bulgaria for Romanian troops called to aid the Russian Army during the siege of the Pleven (Plevna) stronghold.

During World War I at Turtucaia, across the Danube from Oltenița, Battle of Turtucaia ended in a significant defeat for the Romanian Army and subsequently the garrisons of Oltenița and Turtucaia engaged in numerous artillery skirmishes.

Education[edit]

There are three high schools in Oltenița: Neagoe Basarab High School, Ion Ghica Technologic High School, and Nicolae Bălcescu Technologic High School.

Sports[edit]

Stadionul Municipal is the home ground of the football club CSM Oltenița and holds 2,500 people.

Gallery[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ "Întărirea lui Neagoe Basarab, voievodul Ţării Româneşti, pentru Tatu ş.a." The Medieval Archive of Romania. Retrieved 2020-06-30.