Oltenița

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Oltenița
City center
City center
Coat of arms of Oltenița
Coat of arms
Location of Oltenița within Călărași County
Location of Oltenița within Călărași County
Oltenița is located in Romania
Oltenița
Oltenița
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 44°05′12″N 26°38′12″E / 44.08667°N 26.63667°E / 44.08667; 26.63667Coordinates: 44°05′12″N 26°38′12″E / 44.08667°N 26.63667°E / 44.08667; 26.63667
Country Romania
CountyCălărași
Government
 • MayorPetre Țone[1] (PSD)
Population
 (2011)[2]
24,822
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.CL

Oltenița (Romanian pronunciation: [olˈtenit͡sa]) is a city in Muntenia, Romania in the Călărași County on the left bank of the river Argeș (river) where its waters flows into the Danube.

Oltenița stands across the Danube from the Bulgarian city of Tutrakan.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1900 5,801—    
1912 6,574+13.3%
1930 10,389+58.0%
1948 10,284−1.0%
1956 14,111+37.2%
1966 18,623+32.0%
1977 24,414+31.1%
1992 31,821+30.3%
2002 31,434−1.2%
2011 24,822−21.0%
Source: Census data

History[edit]

Excavations on Gumelnița hill near the city revealed a Neolithic settlement dating from the 4th millennium BC.

The first mention of a town bearing the name Oltenița appears in 1515 during the reign of Neagoe Basarab.[3]

In November 1853, at the start of the Crimean War the Ottoman forces attempted to cross the river at this point and inflicted heavy losses on the Russian forces at the Battle of Oltenița.

During the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878, Oltenița was an important crossing point into Bulgaria for Romanian troops called to aid the Russian Army during the siege of the Pleven (Plevna) stronghold.

During World War I, the garrisons of Oltenița and Turtucaia engaged in numerous artillery skirmishes. The spot was also chosen by allied German and Bulgarian troops for their invasion of Romania. The subsequent Battle of Turtucaia ended in a significant defeat for the Romanian Army.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2016 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Întărirea lui Neagoe Basarab, voievodul Ţării Româneşti, pentru Tatu ş.a." The Medieval Archive of Romania. Retrieved 2020-06-30.

External links[edit]

Archaeology Museum
Health care facility
St. Nicholas Church
Danube near Oltenița