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Dame Olwen H. Hufton, DBE, FBA, FRHistS (born 1938) is a British historian of early modern Europe and a pioneer of social history and of women's history. She is an expert on early modern, western European comparative socio-cultural history with special emphasis on gender, poverty, social relations, religion and work. Since 2006 she has been a part-time Professorial Research Fellow at Royal Holloway, University of London.
Born in 1938 in Oldham, Lancashire, Hufton was seven before she saw a banana, at the end of the Second World War: this might be deemed good preparation for an historian of poverty. She was awarded a scholarship at a local grammar school, and became the only council house child in her form. From there she went to University College London (UCL), where she encountered Alfred Cobban, the great revisionist historian of the French Revolution. It was Cobban (together with the French historian François Furet) who first advanced the view that the life of most French people (including women) was little changed by the Revolution, and indeed that the urban poor were worse off as a result of the abolition of the tithe by the National Constituent Assembly, because the tithe funded the charitable work of the church.
Hufton's academic career began as a lecturer at the University of Leicester from 1963 to 1966. From Leicester she moved to the University of Reading, where she taught for more than twenty years; and then to Harvard, where from 1987 to 1991 she was the University's first Professor of Modern History and Women’s Studies. After four years in America, she returned to Europe in 1991 to become Professor of History and Civilisation at the European University Institute in Florence. Six years later, in 1997, she returned to Britain to become Leverhulme Professor of History at Oxford. She retired in 2003, and is now Fellow Emeritus of Merton College. In 2006 she joined Royal Holloway as a part-time Professorial Research Fellow in the History Department.
Honours and recognition
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She was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in 2004. She holds honorary fellowships at UCL and Royal Holloway; and honorary degrees from Reading and Southampton. The University of Glasgow hosts a Hufton Postgraduate Reading Group centred on women's history.
- Bayeux in the Late Eighteenth Century. (Oxford, 1967)
- The Poor of Eighteenth-Century France (Oxford, 1974)
- Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution (Toronto, 1992)
- The Prospect Before her: A History of Women in Western Europe, I: 1500-1800 (London, 1995)
- Europe: Privilege and Protest 1730-1789 (Oxford, 2000).
- Rosen, George (1976). "Review of The Poor of Eighteenth-Century France, 1750-1789". Eighteenth-Century Studies. 10 (1): 119–121. doi:10.2307/2737822.
- Golden, Richard M. (1975). "Review of The Poor of Eighteenth-Century France, 1750-1789". The Journal of Economic History. 35 (4): 868–870.
- Forrest, Alan (1977). "Review of The Poor of Eighteenth-Century France, 1750-1789". Social History. 2 (4): 539–541.
- Chartier, Roger (1977). "Review of The Poor of Eighteenth-Century France 1750-1789". Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales. 32 (2): 296–299.