Olympiastadion (Munich)

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Olympiastadion
2014 Olympiastadion Munich.jpg
The Munich Olympiastadion
Location Munich, Germany
Coordinates 48°10′23″N 11°32′48″E / 48.17306°N 11.54667°E / 48.17306; 11.54667Coordinates: 48°10′23″N 11°32′48″E / 48.17306°N 11.54667°E / 48.17306; 11.54667
Owner German State Government
Operator Olympiapark Munich GmbH
Capacity 69,250[1]
Surface Asphalt concrete and artificial grass[2]
Construction
Broke ground 1968
Opened 26 May 1972
Architect
Tenants

Olympiastadion (German pronunciation: [ʔoˈlʏmpi̯aːˌʃtaːdi̯ɔn]; English: Olympic Stadium) is a stadium located in Munich, Germany. Situated at the heart of the Olympiapark München in northern Munich, the stadium was built as the main venue for the 1972 Summer Olympics.

With an original capacity of 80,000, the stadium also hosted many major football matches including the 1974 World Cup Final and the Euro '88 Final. It hosted the European Cup Finals of 1979, 1993 and 1997. Its current capacity is 69,250.[1]

Until the construction of Allianz Arena for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the stadium was home to Bayern Munich and TSV 1860 Munich.

Design[edit]

Designed by the German architect Günther Behnisch and the engineer Frei Otto, with the assistance of John Argyris, the lightweight tent construction of the Olympiastadion was considered revolutionary for its time.[3] This included large sweeping canopies of acrylic glass stabilized by steel cables that were used for the first time on a large scale. The idea was to imitate the Alps and to set a counterpart to the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, held during the Nazi regime. The sweeping and transparent canopy was to symbolize the new, democratic and optimistic Germany. This is reflected in the official motto: "The cheerful Games"[4] ("Die Heiteren Spiele").[5]

Construction[edit]

The stadium was built by Bilfinger Berger between 1968 and 1972 in a pit made by bombings Munich suffered during World War II. This pit made construction easier.[6][7]

Panorama view of the Münchener Olympiastadion

Post Olympic legacy[edit]

TSV 1860 München football match

Following the Olympics, the stadium became the home of FC Bayern Munich. In 1979 the ground played host to the 1979 European Cup Final in which Nottingham Forest won the first of their consecutive European Cups under Brian Clough.

In the 1990s Bayern Munich's rivals TSV 1860 Munich moved into the stadium. The two teams coexisted in the Olympiastadion until 2005, when both clubs moved to the purpose built Allianz Arena.

Borussia Dortmund won the 1997 UEFA Champions League Final at the Olympiastadion.

Since 2005, it is the host of the yearly air and style snowboard event.

On 31 December 2006, the stadium made history as being the first venue to host the Tour de Ski cross-country skiing competition. The individual sprint events, held at 1100 m, were won by Norway's Marit Bjørgen (women) and Switzerland's Christoph Eigenmann (men). The snow was made in the stadium by combining the hot air with the cold refrigerated water that causes the snow to act like the icy type one would see in the Alps.

It went unused in the 2006 FIFA World Cup due to the Allianz Arena being the host stadium in Munich.

On 23 to 24 June 2007, the stadium played host to the Spar European Cup 2007, a yearly athletics event featuring the top 8 countries from around Europe.

The DTM touring car series held its first stadium event there in 2011: a Race of Champions-style event which took part over a two-day period, although it was not a championship scoring round.[8] Edoardo Mortara won the first day, and Bruno Spengler the second.[9][10] The event was repeated in 2012, but the stadium withdrew in 2013 because it proved impossible to turn it into a points-scoring event.[11]

On 17 May 2012, the ground played host to the 2012 UEFA Women's Champions League Final in which Olympique Lyonnais won their second consecutive trophy. The attendance of that game was a record for a UEFA Women's Champions League Final. On 19 May 2012 it hosted the "Public Viewing" of the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final which took place at Allianz Arena in Munich.

1974 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The stadium was one of the venues for the 1974 FIFA World Cup.

The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 1974:

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators
15 June 1974 18.00 Italy Italy 3–1  Haiti Group 4 51,100
19 June 1974 19.30  Haiti 0–7  Poland Group 4 23,400
23 June 1974 16.00 Argentina Argentina 4–1  Haiti Group 4 24,000
6 July 1974 16.00 Brazil Brazil 0–1  Poland Third place match 74,100
7 July 1974 16.00 Netherlands Netherlands 1–2  West Germany Final 74,100

UEFA Euro 1988[edit]

The stadium was one of the venues for the UEFA Euro 1988.

The following games were played at the stadium during the Euro 1988:

Date Time (CEST) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators
17 June 1988 20.15  West Germany 2–0  Spain Group A 72,308
25 June 1988 15.30  Soviet Union 0–2  Netherlands Final 72,308

German and West German national football team matches held at the stadium[edit]

[12]

Other uses[edit]

Concerts[edit]

Date Performer(s) Opening act(s) Tour/event Attendance Notes
10 June 1982 The Rolling Stones Peter Maffay The Rolling Stones European Tour 1982
11 June 1982
1985 Diana Ross Swept Away Tour 142,000
18 June 1985 Bruce Springsteen Born in the U.S.A. Tour 40,000
21 June 1987 Genesis Invisible Touch Tour
8 July 1988 Michael Jackson Kim Wilde Bad 72,000
27 May 1990 Tina Turner Foreign Affair: The Farewell Tour
2 June 1990 The Rolling Stones Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle Tour
3 June 1990
14 June 1990 Prince Mavis Staples Nude Tour
27 June 1992 Michael Jackson Dangerous World Tour 75,000
17 July 1992 Genesis We Can't Dance Tour
4 June 1993 U2 Stereo MCs, Die Toten Hosen Zoo TV Tour 56,000
26 June 1993 Guns N' Roses Use Your Illusion Tour
3 August 1995 The Rolling Stones Voodoo Lounge Tour 67,509
25 May 1996 Sting Mercury Falling 1996/97
26 May 1996 Dave Matthews Band Summer 1996
4 July 1997 Michael Jackson HIStory World Tour 150,000 The two concerts were filmed, and later broadcast on TV.
6 July 1997
14 June 1998 Elton John & Billy Joel Face to Face 1998
13 July 1998 The Rolling Stones Hothouse Flowers Bridges to Babylon Tour 74,588
27 June 1999 Michael Jackson and various artists N/A MJ & Friends
23 July 2000 Tina Turner Joe Cocker Twenty Four Seven Tour 73,920 / 73,920 (100%)
14 June 2001 AC/DC Stiff Upper Lip World Tour 80,000
30 June 2001 Bon Jovi One Wild Night Tour
6 June 2003 The Rolling Stones Licks Tour
10 June 2003 Bruce Springsteen The Rising Tour
13 June 2003 Bon Jovi Bounce Tour
6 July 2003 Robbie Williams 2003 Tour
6 June 2004 Phil Collins First Final Farewell Tour
13 June 2004 Metallica Madly in Anger with the World Tour
28 July 2004 Simon & Garfunkel Old Friends
3 August 2005 U2 Keane, The Zutons Vertigo Tour 77,435
28 May 2006 Bon Jovi Nickelback Have A Nice Day Tour 71,467
16 July 2006 The Rolling Stones A Bigger Bang 53,501
1 August 2006 Robbie Williams Basement Jaxx Close Encounters Tour
2 August 2006
3 August 2006
29 June 2007 Red Hot Chili Peppers Stadium Arcadium World Tour
10 July 2007 Genesis Turn It On Again: The Tour
22 September 2007 The Police Fiction Plane The Police Reunion Tour 44,740
24 May 2008 Bon Jovi Lost Highway Tour 70,473
22 June 2008 Celine Dion Jon Mesek Taking Chances Tour
15 May 2009 AC/DC Claudia Cane Band Black Ice World Tour 66,023
13 June 2009 Depeche Mode M83 Tour of the Universe 60,293 The concert was recorded for the group's live albums project Recording the Universe.
2 July 2009 Bruce Springsteen Working on a Dream Tour 39,896
18 August 2009 Madonna Paul Oakenfold Sticky & Sweet Tour 35,127
15 September 2010 U2 OneRepublic U2 360° Tour 76,150
12 June 2011 Bon Jovi The Breakers Bon Jovi Live 68,025
29 July 2011 Take That Pet Shop Boys Progress Live 52,376
12 September 2012 Coldplay Marina and the Diamonds, Charlie XCX Mylo Xyloto Tour 54,017
18 May 2013 Bon Jovi Because We Can 64,284
26 May 2013 Bruce Springsteen Wrecking Ball World Tour 41,579
1 June 2013 Depeche Mode Trentemøller The Delta Machine Tour 62,976 Part of the performance of "Should Be Higher" from the concert was filmed for the music video of the group's single.
7 August 2013 Robbie Williams Olly Murs Take the Crown Stadium Tour
19 May 2015 AC/DC Vintage Trouble Rock or Bust World Tour 140,000
21 May 2015
17 June 2016 Bruce Springsteen The River Tour 2016 54,119
7 August 2016 Rihanna Big Sean, Alan Walker, Bibi Bourelly Anti World Tour
6 June 2017 Coldplay A Head Full of Dreams Tour 62,548
9 June 2017 Depeche Mode The Horrors Global Spirit Tour 60,066
13 June 2017 Guns N' Roses The Kills, Phil Campbell & The Bastard Sons Not in This Lifetime... Tour

Various[edit]

Parts of the 1975 film Rollerball were shot on the (then) futuristic site surrounding the stadium.

American rock band Guns N' Roses filmed parts of their Estranged video there when they visited Munich in June 1993.

The Olympic Stadium also hosted Motorcycle speedway when it held the 1989 World Final on 2 September 1989. Denmark's Hans Nielsen won his third World Championship with a 15-point maximum from his five rides. The late Simon Wigg of England finished in second place after defeating countryman Jeremy Doncaster in a run-off to decide the final podium places after both had finished with 12 points from their five rides. Three time champion Erik Gundersen of Denmark finished in fourth place with 11 points. Gundersen, the defending World Champion, missed finishing outright second when his bike's engine expired while he was leading Heat 9 of the World Final.

In August 2014 the Olympic Stadium hosted the first ever geocaching "Giga" event,[13] which was attended by over 9,000 enthusiasts from around the world.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b olympiapark.de - Olympic Stadium Key Facts
  2. ^ Olympiastadion: Abschied vom echten Grün http://www.merkur-online.de/lokales/muenchen/stadt-muenchen/olympiastadion-abschied-echten-gruen-2248996.html
  3. ^ Uhrig, Klaus (March 20, 2014). "Die gebaute Utopie: Das Münchner Olympiastadion". http://www.br.de/. Archived from the original on 13 February 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ Digitized version of the Official Report of the Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXth Olympiad Munich 1972 (Volume 2) (PDF). proSport GmbH & Co. KG. München Ed. Herbert Kunze. 1972. p. 22. … the theme of the "cheerful Games"… 
  5. ^ "Ein Geschenk der Deutschen an sich selbst". DER SPIEGEL 35/1972. August 21, 1972. … für die versprochene Heiterkeit der Spiele, die den Berliner Monumentalismus von 1936 vergessen machen und dem Image der Bundesrepublik in aller Welt aufhelfen sollen 
  6. ^ "Bilfinger: Industriedienstleister für die Prozessindustrie - Bilfinger SE". Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  7. ^ 1972 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 2. pp. 180–2.
  8. ^ Freeman, Glenn (3 July 2010). "DTM to add stadium event in 2011". Autosport. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "Edoardo Mortara wins first day of DTM Show Event in Munich". Autosport. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  10. ^ O'Leary, Jamie (17 July 2011). "Bruno Spengler takes victory on second day of DTM Show Event in Munich". Autosport. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  11. ^ Cataldo, Filippo (23 October 2012). "DTM: Moskau statt München" (in German). Abendzeitung. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  12. ^ Alle spiele der nationalmanshaft im Olympiastadion
  13. ^ http://anmeldung.munich-2014.de/

External links[edit]

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Estadio Olímpico Universitario
Mexico City
Summer Olympics
Opening and Closing Ceremonies (Olympiastadion)

1972
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Montreal
Preceded by
Estadio Olímpico Universitario
Mexico City
Olympic Athletics competitions
Main Venue

1972
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Montreal
Preceded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
Summer Olympics
Football Men's Finals (Olympiastadion)

1972
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Montreal
Preceded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
FIFA World Cup
Final Venue

1974
Succeeded by
Monumental de Nuñez
Buenos Aires
Preceded by
Wembley Stadium
London
European Cup
Final Venue

1979
Succeeded by
Santiago Bernabéu
Madrid
Preceded by
Parc des Princes
Paris
UEFA European Football Championship
Final Venue

1988
Succeeded by
Ullevi
Gothenburg
Preceded by
Wembley Stadium
London
UEFA Champions League
Final Venue

1993
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Athens
Preceded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
UEFA Champions League
Final Venue

1997
Succeeded by
Amsterdam ArenA
Amsterdam
Preceded by
Népstadion
Budapest
European Athletics Championships
Final Venue

2002
Succeeded by
Ullevi
Gothenburg