Olympus XA

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Olympus XA
The XA with an attached A16 flash.
Olympus XA Cameras

The Olympus XA was a series of 35 mm cameras built by Olympus of Japan. The original XA was a rangefinder camera with a fast 35 mm f/2.8 lens, and aperture priority metering. It was one of the smallest rangefinder cameras ever made, together with the Contax T. Later models—XA2, XA3 and XA4—featured scale focusing instead of rangefinders.

History[edit]

It was designed by Yoshihisa Maitani who had joined Olympus Optical Co Ltd in 1956. He was the chief camera designer and managing director of Olympus Optical Co Ltd., having developed a number of legendary cameras during his career. These included the Pen series, the OM series, the XA series, the IS series and the [mju:] series of cameras.

The original model, the XA, was sold from 1979 to 1985.

Models[edit]

  • Olympus XA: small rangefinder with aperture priority 35mm f/2.8 lens
  • Olympus XA1: simple mechanical camera with a selenium meter
  • Olympus XA2: scale focus camera, automatic shutter 35mm f/3.5 lens
  • Olympus XA3: Same as XA2 with "DX" automatic film speed recognition
  • Olympus XA4: distance focus camera, 28mm wide macro lens

The original XA's lens was protected by a sliding dust cover. Film wind is by thumb-wheel, aperture is set on the body using a small lever, focus is set by a small lever below the lens, film speed (ISO) is set on a dial below the lens, the viewfinder is optical direct-view with the rangefinder frame embedded in it and a display of the shutter speed at the side.

The XA1 used a fixed-focus lens. Although the cameras resembled each other, there were subtle differences in design. The XA3 and XA4 were slightly larger than the XA and XA2. The original XA's dust cover dome resembled a flattened oval, whereas the other models had a more rounded design.

Accessories[edit]

The XA series was accompanied by a range of detachable flash units. The standard A11 took one AA battery and had a guide number of 10. The A16 took two batteries and had a guide number of 16. The A9M and A1L were smaller units for the XA1 and XA4 respectively.[1]

Specifications[edit]

Olympus XA series specifications
  XA[2] XA1 [3] XA2[4] XA3[4] XA4[5]
Image Olympus XA 7889.jpg Olympu XA1.jpg Olympus XA2 7890.jpg Olympus XA3 7891.jpg Olympus XA4 Macro (2388651901).jpg
Lens F.Zuiko f=35mm
6e/5g
D.Zuiko f=35mm
4e/4g
Zuiko f=28mm
5e/5g
Aperture f/2.8–22 f/4–22 f/3.5–14
Shutter 10s~​1500s, leaf 130s~​1250s 2s~​1750s, leaf
Focusing 0.9 m (3.0 ft)–∞, rangefinder 1.5 m (4.9 ft)–∞, fixed 3-position zone/scale 0.3 m (0.98 ft)–∞, zone/scale
Exposure aperture-priority auto with +1.5 backlight compensation programmed auto
Battery 2× LR/SR44 none (selenium cell) 2× LR/SR44
Size 102 mm × 64.5 mm × 40 mm
4.0 in × 2.5 in × 1.6 in
104 mm × 65 mm × 40 mm
4.1 in × 2.6 in × 1.6 in
102 mm × 65 mm × 40 mm
4.0 in × 2.6 in × 1.6 in
102 mm × 64.5 mm × 38.5 mm
4.0 in × 2.5 in × 1.5 in
Weight 225 g
7.9 oz
190 g
6.7 oz
200 g
7.1 oz
220 g
7.8 oz
230 g
8.1 oz
Years 1979–1985

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Olympus XA Camera: Flash
  2. ^ Butkus, Mike. "Olympus XA". butkus.org. Retrieved 22 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Olympus XA1". 35mm-compact.com. Retrieved 22 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b Butkus, Mike. "Olympus XA2, Olympus XA3". butkus.org. Retrieved 22 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Butkus, Mike. "Olympus XA4". butkus.org. Retrieved 22 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]